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Preparing your answers Audience, tone and pitch of your assignment Write your answers using the types of language and terminology that are used within HLT100, as though you were interpreting and...

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Preparing your answers

Audience, tone and pitch of your assignment

Write your answers using the types of language and terminology that are used within HLT100, as though you were interpreting and discussing the case with a health professional. The audience is the teaching and marking staff within HLT100.

Case Study format

  • 1500 words (+/- 10%). Word count includes in-text citations and excludes reference list.

  • Answer each question as Q1 ... (answer XYZ); on a new line start Q2 ... (answer XYZ), and so on. Do not copy the actual questions into your document. Include your reference list at the end on the final page/s of this document (do not attempt to submit references as a separate document, as

    SafeAssign will only accept one document).

  • Format using 1.5 line spacing and 12-point font.

  • Images may be used, but please ensure that they are



    • Include at least 8 reputable, academic resources within your Case Study; these must be from appropriate textbooks, websites and journal articles. The recommended course textbook is an acceptable textbook to use as a reference. Avoid websites that are aimed for the general public, not for nursing students.

    • Use the USC Harvard Referencing Style Guide (Quick Guidelink; Full Guidelink) to assist you with the correct referencing technique. Paraphrasing is strongly-encouraged, and references should be integrated into and discussed within your answers.

    • Images may be used but please ensure they are referenced. See this link to assist: you were going to use this image anywhere else, further copyright requirements may be necessary, but as you are just submitting it for marking, and you are only sharing it with your tutor, this format will be sufficient.

Case Study A: Katherine

Katherine is a 72-year-old female residing alone in rural Queensland. She’s now retired, having previously worked as an office administrator for almost 50 years, and is usually able to complete tasks at home herself. Katherine’s son Tony, however, is worried about her and feels she may be better off with some supported living.

1.During the winter, Katherine gets cold very easily, and spends most evenings under a pile of blankets! Including reference to the effects of aging, interpret Katherine’s poor thermoregulation with regards to:

  1. the structural integrity of the skin/effects of ageing on this, and

  2. the mechanisms her body can take to warm her up/attempt to maintain homeostasis.

Unfortunately, when trying to get a cup of tea whilst still wrapped in her blanket, Katherine had a fall which resulted in fractures to her left Humerus and Neck of Femur. As a result, she’s currently in hospital, and under your care.

2.When you talk to him, her son Tony expresses shock that a simple fall has led to such serious consequences for his mother! Using patient-friendly terminology that Tony and Katherine can understand,

  1. explain the fracture/healing process to them both;

  2. Discussthree (3)factors which may have contributed to Katherine easily fracturing a bone

    when falling.

3.When doing some checks, you notice that one of the medications Katherine is currently prescribed lists “inhibited bile production/release” as a possible adverse effect.

  1. Using your knowledge of the structure and function of the digestive system, clearly explain thetwo (2)main functions of bile;

  2. Detail the potential risks to Katherine’s health, should this adverse-effect occur, and identifytwo (2)possible signs/symptoms you could look out for.

4.It has been suggested that Katherine take a Vitamin D supplement and increase her daily dietary calcium intake. Critique this suggestion with explicit consideration of Katherine’s case, applying your knowledge of the above systems.

Case Study B: Claire

Claire is pregnant again, and it’s a girl! She and her husband Ben are excited to be expecting a little sister for their 2-year old twins James and Danielle. Claire has just entered the second trimester of her pregnancy, and has tried to keep as active as possible.

1. Claire is keen to learn from her experience as a mother and remembers that when her twins were babies, they became cold very easily which often disturbed their sleep (and hers!). Interpret this poorer thermoregulation as seen in a normal healthy baby, with regards to

  1. the structure of a baby’s skin, particularly considering heat-loss by a new-born baby, and

  2. the mechanisms in which a baby’s body can respond to warm itself up/restrict heat-loss.

2. Unfortunately, Claire was diagnosed with Intrahepatic Cholestasis of Pregnancy during her previous pregnancy with James and Danielle, impacting her body’s ability to produce and release bile.

  1. Using your knowledge of the structure and function of the digestive system, clearly explain thetwo (2)main functions of bile;

  2. Detail the potential risks to the health of Claire and her unborn baby, should she develop this during her current pregnancy, and identifytwo (2)possible signs/symptoms you could look out for.

3. To make Claire’s previous pregnancy even harder, she fell and fractured her radius! Applying your knowledge of skeletal system structure, and employing patient-friendly terminology:

  1. explain the fracture/healing process to Claire and Ben;

  2. Discusstwo (2)factors which may have contributed to Claire easily fracturing a bone when


4. It has been suggested that Claire consider supplementing her diet with Vitamin D and Calcium, whilst also monitoring her fat intake. Critique this suggestion with explicit consideration of Claire’s case, applying your knowledge of the above systems.

Answered Same Day Aug 15, 2021 HLT100 University of the Sunshine Coast


Paulami answered on Aug 17 2021
117 Votes
Running head: HEALTHCARE
Name of the Student:
Name of the University:
Table of Contents
Case Study A    3
Answer 1    3
Answer 2    3
Answer 3    4
Answer 4    5
Case study B    6
Answer 1    6
Answer 2    6
Answer 3    7
Answer 4    8
References    9
Case Study A
Answer 1
It would be essential to understand that body organs functions properly at an optimum temperature of 37 degrees Celsius. However, based upon su
ounding temperature, body tends to regulate its internal temperature to optimal levels and this range can be between 35.5 and 40 degrees Celsius and this process is known as ‘thermoregulation’. Body’s ability to maintain or regulate the temperature changes as the age of individual increases. Regarding the situation of Katherine, her circulation decreases with her ageing because of the blood vessel walls losing their elasticity naturally. Once blood moves through her body slowly, her extremities become colder and getting cold rapidly. This phenomenon is also known as inefficient vasoconstriction, where blood vessels are not able to expand or contract frequently to decrease or increase the blood flow, respectively (Nakazato et al., 2020).
For feeling colder as she ages, another possible cause involves fat layer getting thinned under her skin conserving heat. Fat cells or ‘adipose tissue’ is considered as the ba
ier on human skin and is responsible for maintaining or trapping heat inside the body; however, due to decreased fat layer heat exchange between body and su
ounding becomes faster. Thus, leading to drop in body’s internal temperature as a result of which Katherine feels cold easily. In old age, the homeostatic deregulation features involve excess response to stressors, enhanced or normal basal activity, enhanced variability, complexity loss and diminished physiologic reserve (Nakazato et al. 2020). For the sympathetic nervous system, it involves loss of negative feedback and diminished end-organ-responsiveness. For both cold and heat, the thermoreceptors are found in the hypothalamus, spinal cord and skin. Unlike the core temperature, the skin temperature varies extremely. The skin receptors give the hypothalamus with significant feedback regarding the dissipation need, heat generation and conservation. These changes in the skin circulation and thickness occur with autonomic nervous system (ANS) function reduced, altering the vasomotor response effectiveness (Popugaeva, Pchitskaya and Bezprozvanny 2017). From the skin, the evaporative sweat loss helps in dissipating heat in cutaneous circulation mechanisms. Thus, this ANS decline reduces the functional performance of sweat glands, altering the body’s ability in dissipating heat excessively. Further, another major aspect to consider here would be the level of physical activity affects heat production by the body. Since, Katherine has been reported to spend most of her time under blanket; thus, it is evident that her level of physical activity is very low leading to less body heat production and making her feel more cold.
Answer 2
For the femoral neck fracture, depending on condition and age Katherine might be needed in sending home or to rehabilitation. Physical therapy might be required for helping in strength regain and walking ability (Patterson, Tangtiphaiboontana and Pandya 2018). This might last for 3 months at least. For the left humerus fracture, if surgery is not required then Katherine might have to wear one sling for 2-6 weeks. The proximal fractures require least time amounts generally whereas the distal one requires the most time. If the...

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