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TASK: You are an analyst working in an international NGO that conducts independent research into issues of international law. You have been asked to prepare an analysis on one of the specific cases...

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TASK: You are an analyst working in an international NGO that conducts independent research into issues of international law. You have been asked to prepare an analysis on one of the specific cases below. This will take the form of a report that is targeted at policy-makers, practitioners working in the field, and academics who are interested in the case at hand. There are a number of things your analysis must contain:

 1. Your report must outline the context in which you’re considering the issue, including the relevant international legal and normative frameworks, relevant historical context, and the international political context.

 2. It must consider the major actors and interests involved in the issue. This involves identifying key states and their roles in relevant international processes, as well as exploring the role international organisations, both intergovernmental and non-governmental, play in relation to the issue at hand. La Trobe University 11

 3. You must provide an analysis of what the current ‘state of affairs’ is in relation to the aspect of international law that you’re considering. What are the important things the reader must know about what is currently going on in relation to your specific topic? What are the major challenges and critiques facing the legal frameworks / organisations / institutional bodies at hand in terms of the development or implementation of the law at hand? How effectively are they achieving the ends they were designed to achieve? And to what extent are states supporting the development of international law and international organisations in this arena?

 4. You must discuss the prospects for the future in relation to the case at hand. This involves providing recommendations about how the key actors can address the challenges and obstacles you’ve identified. You should outline the goals you recommend they work towards, in the context of your earlier analysis.


 • The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty

• The Responsibility to Protect doctrine

 • The International Criminal Court

• The African Union and its moves towards developing an African Criminal Court

• The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

 • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change

 • The 1951 Refugee Convention

 • Your own choice (must be approved by Dr. Westendorf before submission, and must be relevant to the subject)

Please remember that this is an analytical task – you cannot just provide a description of the history of the case you’ve chosen. Also remember that your job is to provide an analysis of the current state of affairs, so avoid focusing too heavily on the historical narrative. The four elements of the task will be weighted equally, however they will not necessarily require the same amount of words. It is up to you how you choose to organise your report – remember that it is not an academic essay, but rather an analytical report intended to inform relevant policy-makers and practitioners involved in the field you’re examining.

Answered Same Day Oct 29, 2019


David answered on Nov 30 2019
152 Votes
    In terms of idealizing the human society, it is significant to have mutual consents over the expansion of the preventive measures taken over the threats to the mankind i.e. the problems related to the global expansion of the nuclear weapon development in this context fits the best. These days, the ongoing debate among the scholars is about the future of the human civilization given that the problem of nuclear weapon expansion is beyond the thinking limits of people; some nations like Iran and North Korea has already declared their nuclear programs which imply the sense of global threat.
To prevent this tendency, in the year 1968, Nuclear Proliferation Treaty which was the venture of UN was signed by a group of nations to use the nuclear power for positive purposes. In the modern context, the role and significance of NPT has grown because expansion of the nuclear weapons is perceived as the global threat; the future opportunities of the treaty are prominent and there is a great need of putting the so called ‘diverse thoughts’ over one table so that the common interests of the people are satisfied with effect.
The Contextual Framework of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty
    At first, it is important to note that the context and relevance of the NPT dates back to the gray shades of the World War II when Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the two major cities of Japan, were destroyed by the Nuclear bombing by America as a response to the attack of Japan over Pearl Ha
or. That was the event which enforced the civilized society of the globe to rethink over the issue of development of the nuclear energy based weapons as they had the capacity to make the human civilization extinct from planet earth. In other words, the growth of ambitious efforts to gain the components of the nuclear energy factors along with their formulation, testing and application for explosive purposes was felt globally. Till 1960s, there were literally no rules and global regulations to prevent this onset of destruction. However, the formation of United Nations and its intervention with the development of the nuclear weapon resulted in the form development of a global consent given to a form of a documented claim made by all in favor of disarming the world from nuclear weapon.
    In response to the same, the year 1968
ought forward the landmark document, the detailed provisions of the nuclear proliferation treaty, the NPT, which was open for signatures. The objectives of the treaty were obvious; the nations who were rich with the nuclear resources would be a part of this treaty so that they can contribute significantly towards the controlling of the negative usages of the nuclear weapons across globe. The purpose was to stop the events like nuclear bombing in WW II to happen again. The global formulation, debate and discussions over the relevance of this treaty kept on lingering in the minds of the policymakers of the various nations until 197o when the treaty came into force. In 1995, 191 nations had signed the treaty as a promise for not using nuclear weapons against each other in any context of war. (N. A. 2017)
    Further, the roles of the five states holding the supreme power in terms of nuclear weapons were to play the decisive role in this context. These five states were America, Russia, France, Germany and China. The objective of the NPT was—it is still perceived as one of the most positive roles of the treaty—to
ing faith and confidence in the policymaking procedures of the these states so that the world can be...

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