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HUMAN PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY Assessment 2: Trimester 1, 2018 Weighting: 30% Task aim/purpose: The aim of this case-based assignment is to allow you to demonstrate your clinical reasoning...

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Assessment 2: Trimester 1, 2018
Weighting: 30%
Task aim/purpose:
The aim of this case-based assignment is to allow you to demonstrate
your clinical reasoning skills, your capacity to differentiate normal from
abnormal presentation and to identify appropriate (evidence-based)
investigations and treatment modalities associated with the assigned
case-study, which are skills that are crucial to safe and effective nursing
Individual, Written Assignment, concept map
Total Marks: 100
Task description:
• For this task you need to create a single (1) slide (using
PowerPoint) colour coded concept map and 750 word
explanation, demonstrating analysis of the case study scenario
emailed to you in week 1. A PowerPoint template file will be
made available for you to customise based on your assigned case
In your concept map you must:
1) Interpret the patient’s risk factors (from the case-study scenario) and
determine how these risk factors relate to the diagnosed
2) Outline the links between the aetiology (cause), cellular pathology
and the pathophysiology of the diagnosed disease;
3) Describe how the pathophysiology of the disease/disorder accounts
for the patient’s clinical manifestations (signs & symptoms) (described
in the case-study scenario); and
4) Analyse (examine) and interpret evidence-based research to suggest
appropriate diagnostic assessments and treatment modalities for the
patient’s diagnosis.
In your 750 word written explanation you must:
1) Explain the links between the patient’s risk factors and aetiology to
account for the disease’s/disorder’s pathophysiology.
2) Describe how the disease’s/disorder’s pathophysiology manifests
through the patient’s signs and symptoms.
3) Justify your suggested diagnostic tests and treatment modalities
listed in the concept map on their relevance and appropriateness for
the diagnosed disease/disorder.
Other elements:
• The concept map (colour coded) should be a maximum of 1
PowerPoint slide in length and the 750 words written explanation
(excluding reference list) should follow on the next slide/s;
• You will be presented with a case study scenario electronically (via
email) by Friday 2nd March (week 1);
• Use APA 6th edition for in-text referencing and in the reference
• Reference list should be on a separate slide/s following the 750
word written explanation;
• Ensure that the majority of your references have been published
within the last 10 years;
• Marking, moderation, and student feedback will be provided
electronically based on a marking criteria that is in accordance
with University assessment policy;
• 5% late penalties apply for each working day after submission
• Always refer to the marking criteria as this will assist you to
determine the depth of response for each section;
• No coversheet is required; instead complete the eAssignment
Cover Sheet Quiz before submitting your assignment.
You are a nurse working in a GP clinic in Mullumbimby (NSW),
where Ethan an 18-month-year-old boy presents with his mother
suffering a high fever (>39ºC) that has lasted for over 24 hours. His
mother states that Ethan has also had two seizures over the last
couple of hours and worsening i
itability. On examination, Ethan
vomits and exhibits (shows) a positive resistance (struggle) to
passive neck flexion, and his BP is 185/110. Upon questioning,
Ethan’s mum admits that she has not vaccinated Ethan since his
irth. Suspecting meningitis, the GP recommends that Ethan is
taken immediately to Lismore Emergency Department.
After a
iving to hospital, Ethan is diagnosed (identify the nature)
with bacterial meningitis (Meningitis (infection of the tissue covering of
ain and spinal cord)), due to Haemophilus influenzae.

PowerPoint Presentation
Please keep it colour coded
But you can change the colours
Keep the font this size (10)
1 powerpoint slide only for the concept map
Risk Factors
Clinical manifestations
Diagnostic tests
Grant is coloured blind though
Easier for the marker ;-)
Use APA 6th edition
Use cu
ent resources
You can change the font style though
Evidence based
Use in-text referencing
Andrew likes Cali
750 words for the explanation
Referencing list last page
Assignment is due 16th April by 5pm
Submit through turn-it-in
Lose valuable marks
Separate page
Easier for the marke
Check the ru
ic for more information
5% late penalties apply for each day after the submission date
Otherwise you wont fit everything in
Check the ru
ic for more information
No fewer than 10
Good luck
Ensure it has a logical structure
Keep the font size at 12
            750 word written explanation.
Start writing
Reference list
Reference list does not count towards your 750 words
But your in text citations do!
Answered Same Day Mar 07, 2020


Soumi answered on Mar 15 2020
136 Votes
No vaccination since birth
Conscientious objectors to vaccination
Ignorance and lack of reliable sources of information
Attitudes of the parents against vaccination
Lack of immunization leading to making the children vulnerable to infections
Inflammation of the meninges of the
ain (due to bacterial meningitis)
Complex activity of the virulence factor of pathogens upon host immune system
Cytokines affecting the cere
ospinal fluid (CSF)
High fever over the past 24 hours
(Body temperature of Ethan was higher than 39oC in the past 24 hours)
(Ethan had two seizures within the last 2hours)
Vomiting (Ethan had vomited, as reported to the GP)
Passive neck flexion
(Ethan had difficulty in passive neck flexion)
High blood pressure (Ethan’s blood pressure was 185/110)
Increased i
(Ethan also exhibited it.)
Passive neck flexion test = checks if the child has developed a stiff neck—a key symptom of paediatric bacterial meningitis
Imaging of the
ain = CT-scan or MRI to receive clear picture of inflammation or swollen area in meninges
Blood tests = Gram’s staining to identify the type of bacteria infecting the meninges
Lumbar puncture = to collect CSF, for bacterial sample to affirm bacterial meningitis
Treatment using Intravenous antibiotics can reduce seizures and swelling of meninges. Hence, Ethan should be admitted to the emergency department immediately.
Haemophilus influenzae
1) Risk Factors and Aetiology of Ethan linked to his Pathophysiology of Bacterial Meningitis
    Ethan is an 18-month old child, who lives in Mullumbimby in New South Wales (NSW). He has been suffering from bacterial meningitis, which is why he has shown all the symptoms that are in accordance with this disease. The key risk factor that has led to the causation of this disease in him is the fact that his mother has not subjected him to vaccination after his birth and so far. This behaviour of his mother can be attributed to the issue of their resident town being against the act of vaccination. According to the report by ABC News (2013), in 2013, only 46-49% of children were vaccinated because the people of the town believed that vaccination has a number of negative impacts and risks. Ignorance and lack of reliable sources of information aggravated the fear amongst the parents, who did not vaccinate their children in Mullumbimby.
As supported by Clarke, Giubilini & Walker (2017), the attitudes of the parents that were against the act of vaccination was also a consequence of conscientious objectors, as they believed they had the right to choose their freedom and needs. Besides,...

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