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Answered Same Day Mar 27, 2020


Anju Lata answered on Apr 02 2020
143 Votes
Equity refers to the attribute of being impartial and fair. In terms of health services, it implies delivering impartial and fair healthcare services to everyone without differentiating on the basis of gender, caste, ethnicity and economic condition. Equity is in compliance to the basic human right of achieving best possible quality in health. Assessment of health equity can be done by analyzing the differences in health-related social determinants between rich and poor sections in society. Such comparisons help to evaluate the effectiveness of our healthcare policies and their outcomes in delivering social justice in health (Braveman, 2014).
In contrast, Health Equality refers to the quality of providing equal opportunities and equal resources for attaining health and wellness (Braveman, 2014).
Health Equity analyzes the causes of disparities in the quality of health and health-related services in various countries and communities. In order to ensure that the requirements of all the sections of society are effectively addressed, the available health resources are utilized in a highest possible manner to deliver maximum benefit to underprivileged sections of society. Simply delivering an equal set of resources to all the communities may not reduce the gaps in health discrepancies. The individual requirements of vulnerable and underserved communities must also be dealt efficiently (Cu
ie, 2016).
According to Boston Public Health Commission, to achieve health equity we need to create even opportunities in health and remove all the gaps in achievable results among different sections of the population. It also encourages healthcare professionals to explore new solutions out of health industry for example in transport or construction, for providing required health opportunities to different ethnic groups of society (BPHC,n.d.).
Health Equity in public policy includes many points like providing equal facilities of healthcare to the people with equal requirements, providing a substantial level of healthcare access to people who have special requirements and ultimately achieving equitable targets in healthcare like higher life expectancy and lower infant mortality rates. The entire major groups which experience health inequities like poor people, women and ethnic and racial minorities, have one thing in common. They all have insufficient social, economic and political power. Hence, the initiatives to rectify inequities must help empower these sections by implementing reforms in laws or improving their social or economic standards (WHO,2018).
Implications for Health Communication
As per the recommendations of CDC, Health Equity requires an adequate understanding of marginalized communities, their background, and awareness about intended recipients. It also requires a proper concise message...

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