PICT 3012: Intelligence Policy
Final Examination—S1 2020
Please note the following instructions:
This exam consists of answering two essay questions. I have written the exam to take
about three hours total, but you are free to spend as little or as much time on it as you
wish between now and the due date. The exam must be submitted through TurnItIn by
Each question is worth 50 points, so be sure to budget your time accordingly. I highly
ecommend that you take time in the beginning to read through the entire exam and
decide which two questions will best showcase your learning, and that you plan your
answers by going through the course materials and writing a
Each essay should run about XXXXXXXXXXwords. You are not expected to do the formal
eferencing for this exam that you would for a paper.
The exam is open-book and open-note: you can use any class materials. You may use the
materials on our class’s iLearn site, but you may not use other parts of the internet or
other outside materials for this exam.
You are expected to complete your own work for this exam.
For your convenience, a list of the semester’s readings has been provided on the last
pages of the exam.
Finally, please be sure to take a deep
eath and relax. When you are ready to do so, just
turn the page and answer the following questions to the best of your ability.
Good luck! J
SECTION I: Essays (100 points)
Please answer TWO of the following questions in essay form. In your essay
you are expected to draw on relevant materials from the course readings,
class discussions, and other class materials. Each essay is worth 50 points,
so please budget your time accordingly. Be sure to answer all parts of the
1. During the semester, we have talked about the many issues intelligence analysts face
and the many kinds of problems within the intelligence community more
(cultural, organizational, social, moral, etc.). In your view, what are the top three
iggest challenges that intelligence officers face? At least one of the problems you
discuss must be specifically about intelligence/policy issues, such as relationships
etween intelligence and policymakers, the budget, policymaker concerns, etc. Why did
you select these problems? How can those problems be fixed—or can they be fixed at all?
Has taking this class changed your perspective about the CIA and/or the intelligence
community? If so, how, and if not, why not? (It’s okay if your perspective hasn’t
changed, but give a reasoned discussion about why.)
2. Given what you have learned this semester about intelligence work and intelligence
policy, what might winning the Global War on Te
or look like? I’m not expecting you to
ewrite national security policy here; I’m more interested in how you apply the practical
material we have read and talked about this semester to this abstract problem. There are
no right or wrong answers here—only good and bad ones.
3. What has been the most significant new learning for you this semester? I’m serious
about this question: I want to know whether and how your thinking has changed over
the last four months about any of the issues or perspectives we have discussed. Feel free
to talk about just one thing, or about as many as four different things. Be sure to ground
the bulk of your discussion in what we have read and talked about in class. You can also
connect your discussion to the ways in which you now read about/discuss/think about
ent events in America and around the world.
PART ONE: THE BASICS
Week 1: Course Introduction
No readings are assigned for the first class meeting.
Week 2: Introduction to the American Intelligence Community
1. Watch Top Secret America, a Frontline documentary on the intelligence community post-9/11,
2. Lowenthal, Ch. 1 and 2.
3. August 6, 2001. Bin Ladin Determined to Strike in US. President’s Daily Brief Memo.
*An optional but helpful resource: “How the Intelligence Community Works,”
Week 3: Introduction to Intelligence Policy
1. McLaughlin, 2008. “Serving the National Policymaker.” in George Bruce (eds.), Analyzing
Intelligence: Origins, Obstacles, and Innovations. Georgetown University Press.
2. Petersen, 2011. “What I Learned in 40 Years of Doing Intelligence Analysis for US Foreign
Policymakers.” Studies in Intelligence, 55(1), pp. 13-20.
CHANGES START HERE!
Week 4: Intelligence-Policy Relationships
1. Brian Katz. (2019). “Policy and You: A Guide for Intelligence Analysts.” War on the Rocks:
2. Brian Katz. (2018). “Intelligence and You: A Guide for Policymakers.” War on the Rocks:
PART TWO: DEEPER DIVES
Week 5: Collection and Analysis
1. Lowenthal, Ch. 5 and 6
Week 6: NO CLASS—Easter Monday
No readings are assigned for this week.
Week 7: Culture Clashes between the IC and the Policymaker
1. Lowenthal, Ch. 9
2. Jervis, 2010. “Why Intelligence and Policymakers Clash.” Political Science Quarterly, Vol.
125(2), pp XXXXXXXXXX.
CALENDAR IS CAUGHT UP HERE
Week 8: Ethical Dilemmas
1. Lowenthal Ch. 8 and 13
2. Leopold, 2014. “A Justice Department Memo Provides the CIA's Legal Justification to Kill a
US Citizen.” Vice News, https:
Week 9: Culture Clashes within the IC
1. Dissertation, Ch. 3.
Week 10: Intelligence Budget
1. Adams, Bent, and Peroff, 2017. “The Office of Management and Budget: The President’s
Policy Tool.” In The National Security Enterprise: Navigating the Labyrinth (George and
Rishikof, Eds.), pp XXXXXXXXXXGeorgetown University Press.
Week 11: Five Eyes
1. Dailey, 2017. “The Intelligence Club: A Comparative Look at Five Eyes.” Journal of Political
Sciences and Public Affairs, 5:261.
2. O’Neil, 2017. “Australia and the ‘Five Eyes’ Intelligence Network: The Perils of an
Asymmetric Alliance.” Australian Journal of International Affairs, 71(5), pp XXXXXXXXXX.
Week 12: Future Directions
1. NATO Association of Canada, 2018. The Future of US Intelligence: Challenges and
Week 13: Guest Speaker on the Australian Intelligence Community
No readings are assigned for this week.