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Topic: The role of ethical decision making in becoming an effective manager In this assignment you are asked to discuss the concept of ethical decision-making and how this influences a manager’s...

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Topic: The role of ethical decision making in becoming an effective manage
In this assignment you are asked to discuss the concept of ethical decision-making and how this influences a manager’s ability to be effective. This will require you to review the literature on ethical decision making so that you understand how it contribution towards demonstrating effective managerial practice. Using some of the questionnaires you answered in the class, you will evaluate your potential to demonstrate ethical decision making as a manager by closely looking at your cu
ent managerial capabilities and your personality (Please relate my cu
ent position as a Bank Manager in a developing country). Finally, based on your evaluation, you will create a thorough plan for developing these skills and abilities to help you become an ethical manager, and eventually become an effective manager.

Essay section
1. Introduction (300 words)
· Make a general statement about ethical decision making and why it is important in business contexts.
· Make a statement about the possible links between ethical decision making and its contribution toward effective managerial practice.
· Write a thesis statement. Start by indicating that this essay reviews literature about the importance of ethical decision making to effective management. Say which particular skills and personality factors you are focussing on.
· Indicate that the review is followed by an evaluation of your own capability. You need to say what methods you have used to evaluate your managerial capabilities (skills and personality). You also need to state that you have created a plan for further development of your skills and competencies as an ethical and effective manager. (Remember to write in Bank Manager prospective)
2. Literature Review (1000 words)
· * Review recent and relevant literature about ethical decision making; include both hard and soft skills. It is better to start
oad and then na
ow to some key skills. This will allow you to be critical rather than simply listing skills. It is helpful to pick skills that you are keen to develop. (You may have identified these skills by doing some of the quizzes in the unit.) This will help to build cohesion through your essay.
· Review the literature on ethical decision making in a business context. Start
oad and then na
ow your focus. (It is helpful if you choose an area that is particularly relevant to you personally and professionally). A na
ower focus will allow you to critically analyse the literature. (possible search terms to try include: ethics, ethical management, ethical behaviour, managing ethically, ethical dilemmas in business)
· Remember to cover    
· How ethical decision making relates to effective managerial practice
· What capabilities/skills are needed to promote good ethical decision making
· How personality relates to ethical decision making
· One-paragraph summary
· This section of your essay is where you demonstrate your research skills. You need to start early in order to find appropriate literature. Most of your references will be journal articles.
· Write approximately 1,000 words.
· Cite at least 10 non-textbook references (in addition to your textbook). These should be dominated by recent peer-review journal articles. All paragraphs in the lit review must have in-text references.
3. Evaluation (600 words)
· An evaluation which is based from a minimum of three questionnaires that you are instructed to take during the class (My summary results are in the appendix). Think critically about the results.
· This section is about you, so it is appropriate to use 1st person voice.
· It includes an analysis of your personality and the level of the skills and competencies you have identified as being relevant to your ability to become an effective manager who makes ethical decisions.
· You should include a discussion of relevant in-class questionnaire results (include them as ONE table in an Appendix).
Your task in this section is to think critically about your results, in light of what you have read about ethical decision making in the literature
4. Plan of action (650 words)
· Use the plan section to specify a minimum of two and up to three goals (using the SMART goals framework), skills or competences you will focus on
· Informed by your evaluation, you will review your cu
ent capabilities and focus on two skills/abilities that you will plan to improve upon
· You will also indicate how and when you will learn them, and how you will know you have learned them
5. Conclusion (200 words)
Your conclusion should
ing your essay to a close by summarising the key points:
· Why was this analysis undertaken?
· Where did you get your information/evidence?
· How consistent is the evidence?
· What did you learn? Did it surprise you or confirm what you already knew?
· What you intend to do with this knowledge and why?
Total word count: 2750 (excluding reference & appendix)
6. Reference
· You must have a reference list which is formatted according to APA 6th guidelines.
· Should have at least 10 non-textbook references, in addition to the textbook
7. How will your essay be graded? STRUCTURE & STYLE
· Some
oad ideas of what the marker will be looking for are as follows:
· Introduction: Is the purpose apparent to the reader? Have you concisely stated this purpose in an engaging and thought-provoking manner? Has the groundwork you’ve laid made it easy for your reader to predict important topics you’ll discuss?
· Lit Review: Do you use clear examples to support specific topic sentences? Do these topics cohere toward an overall purpose and insight? Does your analysis pose new and innovative ways to think about the material in depth? Do you integrate your quotations?
· Evaluation: Does what you write show a personal response to the issues? Are professional awareness and personal growth reflected in your discussion of concepts? Do you account for a wide range of perspectives?
· Plan: Have you provided a clear management development plan? Do you clearly describe how competencies will be learned and how you will grow personally in both the short and long term?
· Conclusion: Do you give succinct and precise conclusions that tie together the lit review with your professional practice? So you offer suggestions for future action?

Questionnaires summary result tables
1. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) questionnaires
    Big Five Dimensions
    Facet and co
elated trait adjective
    Extraversion vs. introversion
My total scoring = 28
    Gregariousness (sociable)
Assertiveness (forceful)
Activity (energetic
Excitement-seeking (adventurous) Positive emotions (enthusiastic)
Warmth (outgoing)
    Extraversion vs. introversion
My total scoring = 42
    Trust (forgiving)
Straightforwardness (not demanding) Altruism (warm)
Compliance (not stu
Modesty (not show-off)
Tender-mindedness (sympathetic)
    Conscientiousness vs. lack of direction
My total scoring = 36
    Competence (efficient)
Order (organized)
Dutifulness (not careless)
Achievement striving (thorough)
Self-discipline (not lazy)
Deliberation (not impulsive)
    Neuroticism vs. emotional stability
My total scoring = 27
    Anxiety (tense)
Angry hostility (i
Depression (not contented)
Self-consciousness (shy)
Impulsiveness (moody)
Vulnerability (not self-confident)
    Openness vs. closedness to experience
My total scoring = 37
    Ideas (curious)
Fantasy (imaginative)
Aesthetics (artistic)
Actions (wide interests)
Feelings (excitable)
Values (unconventional)

For more information about the Big Five, visit this website: http:
2. Emotionally Intelligent Questionnaires
My Total Scoring = 51
35 – 55 = Your emotional intelligence level is... OK. You probably have good relationships with some of your colleagues, but others may be more difficult to work with.
The good news is that you have a great opportunity to improve your working relationships significantly. Read more below to boost your EI still further.
3. Stress Management Questionnaires
    Respectful and Responsible: Managing emotions and having integrity
    Managing and communicating existing and future work
    Managing the individual within the team
    Development Need
    Reasoning/Managing difficult situation
In order to improve your effectiveness at preventing and reducing stress at work, we suggest the following steps: 1 Look for the behavioural area in which you received the lowest score and focus on this as top priority. If you have identified several Development Needs or areas that you would like to move into the ‘Effective’ zone, take them one at a time – you don’t have to change everything at once!
Under Managign the individual within the team I have scored 75 which is below reasonable and therefore development is needed in the following fields:
· Personally accessible : Available to talk to personally
· Sociable : Relaxed approach, such as socialising and using humour
· Empathetic engagement :Seeking to understand each individual in the team in terms of their health and satisfaction, motivation, point of view and life outside work
Answered Same Day May 12, 2020


Ram Mohan answered on May 14 2020
114 Votes
APA Template.docx
Running Head: The Role of Ethical Decision Making in Becoming an Effective Manage
The Role of Ethical Decision Making in Becoming an Effective Manage
The Role of Ethical Decision Making in Becoming an Effective Manage
Academic Institution
Author Note
May 28, 2018
The Role of Ethical Decision making in Becoming an Effective Manage
In times when ethical and moral scandals predominate, it is important for professionals, leaders, managers, and for that matter, any individual to be as ethical as possible in their decision making abilities. Indeed, given the plethora of crises and exigencies that managers face in their daily lives, the importance of staying grounded in an ethical and moral decision making compass is paramount. Especially in business contexts, it is clear that unless managers are ethical, the consequences of their actions would be felt in multiple ways including impacts related to poor judgment and an overall sense of atrophy as a result of weak ethical and moral standards (Elm & Radin, 2012).
Ethical Decision Making is needed for effective managerial practice as business situations often demand high standards of corporate and professional behavior. Indeed, the consequences of not doing so are immense especially where scandals and crises related to bad and poor judgmental decisions are concerned. Indeed, traits such as Emotional Stability, Managing Oneself and Others, Reacting to Stressful Situations and Culturally Determined attitudes towards ethics are the specific skills that would be discussed (Hofstede, 2000).
Therefore, this paper argues that “ethical decision making is especially relevant in the present times when the need for quick decisions often obscures the impact of the consequences”. Further, this paper also takes the thesis of cultural influences on decision making as well as personality traits that determine the standards of ethics as far as decision making is concerned. This paper proceeds to review the pertinent literature on the topic as well as evaluates the results of the various personality tests in addition to outlining a plan of action for improvement on the specific skills that have been identified as deficient.
Literature Review
Ethical Decision Making entails the individuals to be ethically grounded and have a moral compass that guides them when confronted with vital decisions where the choices are not binary and where ambiguities and uncertainties persist. Indeed, making decisions is often a complex process that involves multiple alternatives, each of which is again conditioned by grey areas, and more importantly, evaluating the alternatives in terms of the consequences that arise from choosing a particular alternative (Côté, Lopes, Salovey, & Miners, 2010\).
Thus, ethical decision making is akin to choosing the best possible course of action from a menu of choices, not all of them being palatable or appealing. Having said that, reality avoidance and dodging the hard questions is not an option especially in business contexts where decisions have to be taken sometimes on the spot, and others after due deliberation. Given the 24/7
eakneck speed world in which we live in, it is usually tempting to ignore the consequences of business decisions, only to regret later and pay the price for hasty and thoughtless decisions (Ghillyer, 2016).
This means that managers and business leaders have to do a tough balancing act between multiple options and competing agendas as well as demands and interests when deciding on the best possible course of action. The difficulty of a
iving at an ethically sound decision is compounded by the fact that cultural variables often play an important role in guiding an individual’s ethical and moral compass. Indeed, considering the fact that the context of the paper is about a Bank Manager in a Developing Country, one cannot underestimate the importance of the cultural aspect in decision making (Goleman, Destructive Emotions: How Can We Overcome Them? A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama, 2006).
As for the hard and the soft skills that are needed for ethical decision making, Daniel Goleman who is a reputed psychologist and author of several works on emotions and behavior including the pioneer of the now famous concept of Emotional Intelligence, has identified a set of attributes that can determine an individual’s propensity to actualize decisions that are ethically sound. The EQ or the Emotional Quotient describes the importance of delaying gratification, managing one’s and others emotions in a balanced manner, and the very important role played by empathy driven decision making (Goleman, Emotional Intelligence, 2012).
In a study spanning several years, Goleman and his team found that those individuals with the qualities described above had a greater chance of succeeding in their careers when compared to those without these qualities. Thus, as a Bank Manager in a Developing country, one can relate to the need to empathize with others and at the same time, keep one’s emotions in check when dealing with difficult customers or coworkers. Indeed, high EQ can be a predictor of how ethically grounded one’s decision as far as maintaining an even keel is concerned (George, 2000).
Having said that, it is also the case that culture plays an important role in determining the relative and absolute view of ethics and morals. In other words, there are some cultures where ethics are relative meaning that individuals in those cultures take decisions with regard to how others would do rather than in absolute terms where decisions are taken in binary means. For instance, the Organizational expert, Hofstede, found that in the East, ethics of individuals are determined by relativistic notions of right and wrong whereas in the West, they are couched or grounded in absolute terms (Hofstede, 2000).
What this means is that Asian managers often decide based on the relative merits or demerits of the alternatives and how their peers react rather than as Western managers who often decide solely on the black and white choices. This is especially useful for the individual concerned in this case as extensive and wide ranging co
uption in developing countries often forces and compels individuals such as Bank Managers to think in relative and so-called “practical” terms rather than in terms of how managers in developed countries approach...

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