Great Deal! Get Instant $10 FREE in Account on First Order + 10% Cashback on Every Order Order Now

Please make the indicated changes throughout the paper according to the CDS alignment.

1 answer below »
Purpose
The new Dissertation Criteria Assessment (DCA) is a developmental and progression feedback tool that students, faculty members, and committees can use to monitor students in meeting dissertation assessment criteria throughout the Doctoral Journey Life Cycle and Dissertation Phases. For more on the Phases, please visit the Doctoral Journey tab on the College of Doctoral Studies Central: https:
li
ary.phoenix.edu/doctoral_guide
Doctoral ACCESS, content, and research courses use Program Student Learning Outcomes (PSLOs) to assess the degree to which students meet course objectives, while the DCA uses criteria to assess the degree to which students achieve dissertation designing, executing, and reporting on empirical social science research.
Approach and Outcome Descriptors
The DCA uses the following two metrics in which faculty assess students in achieving criteria:
· Meets Criterion: Students develop the required criterion.
· Does Not Meet Criterion: *Students did not develop the required criterion or *Required criterion is missing.
*When Faculty scores “Does Not Meet Criterion,” Faculty should provide clear qualitative feedback in the Tk20 textboxes on how students can meet the criterion.
Some statements may not apply to the study. In these cases, check N/A (not applicable).
    Meets Criterion
    Does Not Meet Criterion
    NA
    Students develop the required criterion.

    
*Students did not develop the required criterion or *Required criterion is missing.
    Statement does not apply to the study.
    
    
    
    
    
    
Background
One of the most compelling aspects of conducting and analyzing original research projects is the prospect of contributing new information to the literature in a field. Whether these contributions are theoretical, empirical, methodological, or practical, these contributions may enhance the available meaning around concepts, aid future researchers in extending the boundaries of inquiry and knowledge and influence the lives of practitioners at all organizational levels and in daily life. However, as an effect of this requirement for novel approaches, research in all fields is difficult to assess from any perspective founded in standards and models, particularly dissertations. Traditionally, the dissertation has served as an evaluative marker of a doctoral candidate’s passage into a field of inquiry, but because dissertations take on numerous permutations and approaches, these evaluations have largely been the sole purview of one’s chair—an individual typically possessing a wealth of knowledge about the field of study. Although this apprenticeship model has benefited doctoral learning since its inception, little information has been shared to describe how these evaluations are made, what criteria are
ought to bear on the research, or how a chair’s approval translates to successful publication and the foundation of a larger research agenda. Lovitts (2007, 2006) described a growing need in doctoral education for explicit criteria students and faculty can use to improve research pedagogy, practice, and outcomes.
To address this need in doctoral education, the College of Doctoral Studies (CDS) developed a new comprehensive Dissertation Criteria Assessment (DCA) tool to assess the quality of dissertations at various Phases in their preparation. The DCA aligned with the Standards for Reporting on Empirical Social Science Research in American Educational Research Association Publications (American Educational Research Association, 2006), a document that details the elements of a quality research report as defined by the American Educational Research Association (AERA), the leading organization for educational research and one of the largest and most diverse research organizations in social science. These criteria provide a robust baseline for dissertations while enabling the flexibility needed to address the various methodologies and approaches used by dissertation writers. These criteria align with the publication standards of a prestigious external research organization; their application enhances students’ dissertations and contributes to the successful publication of dissertation-related research.
References
American Educational Research Association XXXXXXXXXXStandards for reporting on
empirical social science research in AERA publications. Educational Researcher, 35(6), 33-40.
Lovitts, B. E XXXXXXXXXXMaking the implicit explicit: Faculty’s performance expectations for
the dissertation. In P. L. Maki & N. A. Borkowski (Eds.). The assessment of doctoral education (pp XXXXXXXXXXSterling, VA: Stylus.
Lovitts, B. E XXXXXXXXXXMaking the implicit explicit: Creating performance expectations for
the dissertation. Sterling, VA: Stylus.  

    Phase 1: PRospectus
    Meets Criterion
    Does Not Meet Criterion
    N/A
    DEGREE PROGRAM AND TOPIC ALIGNMENT
    
    
    
    1. The proposed dissertation topic aligns to the student’s degree program.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Problem Statement
    
    
    
    2. The draft problem statement is clear, concise, and should be cited. Recent citations within the last five years.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Purpose of the Study
    
    
    
    3. The draft purpose statement is clear and aligns with the problem.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    4. A proposed research method and design are stated and are appropriate to the proposed objectives of the study.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    5. The proposed study objectives are clearly stated.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    POPULATION AND SAMPLE
    
    
    
    6. An appropriate and feasible study population and/or data source is identified.
7. Describes sample size and provides rationale for sample size
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
    
    
    
    8. Discusses why the proposed study may be important and what this research may contribute to knowledge.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    METHODOLOGY (PROPOSED METHOD AND DESIGN)
    
    
    
    9. Proposes a research method (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed) and discusses why the proposed method might be appropriate.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    10. Proposes a research design and discusses why the proposed design might be appropriate to accomplish the study objectives.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    RESEARCH QUESTIONS
    
    
    
    11. Includes proposed research questions that align with the purpose and objectives of the study.
Note that quantitative and mixed method studies will require hypotheses to be added during Phase 2.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    TOPIC LITERATURE
    
    
    
    12. Provides 5 to 10 references and 1 to 2 sentences with each reference to describe relevance of the literature.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    TOPIC THEORIES
    
    
    
    13. Discussion on 1 to 3 relevant theories associated with topics.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    RESEARCH DATA COLLECTION STRATEGY
    
    
    
    14. Describes process for collecting data from research sample and from any archival sources.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
Phase 1: PROSPECTUS Assessment Ru
ic
Phase 2: PRÉCIS Assessment Ru
ic
    Phase 2: PRécis
    Meets Criterion
    Does Not Meet Criterion
    N/A
     Degree Program and topic alignment
    
    
    
    1. The dissertation topic is introduced and aligns to the student’s degree program and specialization.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Problem Statement
    
    
    
    2. The problem is clear, concise, reflective of the purpose statement, and is cited. Recent citations within the last five years.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Purpose of the Study
    
    
    
    3. The purpose is clear and aligns with the problem.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    4. Research method and design are stated and are appropriate to the proposed study.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    5. The study objectives are clearly stated.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    6. Geographic location of study is identified without compromising confidentiality.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    7. Quantitative and mixed method: Research variables are identified.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    8. Qualitative: Central Phenomenon or Center of Interests are identified.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Population and Sample
    
    
    
    9. Population(s) and justification for participant sample size or other sources of proposed data are identified.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Significance of the Study
    
    
    
    10. Discusses why the study is important and what this research may contribute to knowledge.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Nature of the Study
    
    
    
    11. Discusses the appropriateness of the research method (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed).
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    12. Discusses the design appropriateness and how the design will accomplish the study objectives.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Research Questions / Hypotheses
    
    
    
    13. Research questions align with the problem and purpose of the study. Research questions fully encompass the purpose; they are not
oader or na
ower than the stated objectives.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    14. Quantitative and mixed-method studies: Hypotheses are well developed, include both null and alternate hypotheses, and the null and alternate statements are testable.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Theoretical or Conceptual Framework
    
    
    
    15. Discussion reflects theories and/or concepts that align with and are relevant to the study topics.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Topic literature
    
    
    
    16. Discussion reflects
ief overview of topic literature.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
Phase 3: Concept Review Assessment Ru
ic (Chapters 1 and 2 focused)
    CHAPTER 1: Introduction
    Meets Criterion
    Does Not Meet Criterion
    N/A
    Introduction
    
    
    
    1. The dissertation topic is introduced and the introduction reflects the chapter contents.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
     Background of the Problem
    
    
    
    2. Discussion reflects why the research problem is of important social concern or theoretical interest.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Problem Statement
    
    
    
    3. The problem is clear, concise, reflective of the purpose statement, and is cited.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Purpose of the Study
    
    
    
    4. The purpose is clear and aligns with the problem.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    5. Research method and design are stated and are appropriate to the proposed study.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    6. The study objectives are clearly stated.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    7. Geographic location of study is identified without compromising confidentiality.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    8. Quantitative and mixed method: Research variables are identified.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Population and Sample
    
    
    
    9. Population(s) and participant sample size or other sources of proposed data are identified.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Significance of the Study
    
    
    
    10. Discusses why the study is important and what this research may contribute to knowledge.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Nature of the Study
    
    
    
    11. Discusses the appropriateness of the research method (quantitative, qualitative, or mixed).
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    12. Discusses the design appropriateness and how the design will accomplish the study objectives.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Research Questions / Hypotheses
    
    
    
    13. Research questions align with the purpose of the study. Research questions fully encompass the purpose; they are not
oader or na
ower than the stated objectives.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    14. Quantitative and mixed-method studies: Hypotheses are well developed, include both null and alternate hypotheses, and the null and alternate statements are testable.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Theoretical or Conceptual Framework
    
    
    
    15. Discussion reflects a few theories that align with and are relevant to the study topics.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations
    
    
    
    16. Assumptions, limitations, and delimitations of the study are described.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Chapter Summary
    
    
    
    17. Discussion summarizes key points presented in Chapter 1, includes citations, and includes a transition to Chapter 2.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW
    Meets Criterion
    Does Not Meet Criterion
    N/A
    Introduction
    
    
    
    18. Discussion reflects
ief overview of what is contained in the chapter.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Title Searches and Documentation
    
    
    
    19. Describes the approach used to search for relevant documentation including key words used to search for publications.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    Historical Content and Cu
ent Content Sections
    
    
    
    20. Organization is presented in a logical and flowing manner from
oad topics to na
ow, making use of APA Level Headings 3 and 4.
    ☐    ☐    ☐
    21. The literature review topics align with
Answered 9 days After May 27, 2022

Solution

Shubham answered on Jun 05 2022
82 Votes
SAMPLE DISSERTATION TITLE:
A QUALITATIVE E-DELPHI STUDY
A Consensus Review of Strategies and Techniques Using Best Practices to Increase Summer Reading Growth
y
Gretchen Carte
Copyright 2021
A Dissertation Presented in Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Doctor of Educational Leadership
University of Phoenix
Introduction
Summer reading growth is essential for students to sustain skills and knowledge acquired during the previous academic season. Students experience a loss in mathematics, but economically disadvantaged students face a more considerable loss in reading (Bowers & Schwarz, 2017). The academic achievement gap is a significant problem in the United States. Summer learning loss adds to an academic achievement gap (Seawright, 2017). Summer learning loss occurs at a traditional middle school in the southwestern United States (Beach et al., 2018). Comprehension is a significant part of the learning curve. According to research, children who engage in summer reading initiatives enhance their reading comprehension and, therefore, perform better in academic subjects than those who do not engage in such an initiative (Bowers & Schwarz, 2017). The Southwest school district has provided unlimited resources for literacy development throughout the summer. However, the case under study still experiences summer learning loss among its students, even with the emphasis placed on literacy.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Learned recently all identifying information now needs removed so use a pseudonym for this     Comment by Gretchen Stampley: district
This chapter provides the background and implications of academic summer school reading programs for elementary school students with explicit stress on a summer cu
iculum hosted by a Southwest school district. The subject of summer reading programs and their impact on tutorial performance in reading is mentioned as relevant to the planned study. The problem, providing the premise for the study, the statement of purpose, guiding analysis questions, and the nature of the study are confe
ed during this chapter. The chapter concludes with an announcement of significance and a presentation of relevant terms.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Same idea here replace all of these with just SW state    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: a southwest school district
Background of the Problem
Educators have noticed that children from low-socioeconomic backgrounds experience significant gaps in learning during the summer months compared to their peers. Furthermore, the gaps will only widen over time (Campbell et al., 2019). The summer reading setback accounts for about 80% of the reading achievement difference, contributing to this disparity (Campbell et al., 2019). Children accelerate at the same rate of learning during the school year. As a group, the reading achievement of low-socioeconomic students typically declines during the summer vacation period, while the reading achievement of children from more economically advantaged families holds steady or increases modestly. Extended vacations from formal education take students away from the classroom's regular learning blueprint and into a period when they are less likely to participate in official literacy programs (Chin et al., 2020).
Parents reading with their children, plus the availability and use of reading resources, are all part of a healthy home literacy environment. Different degrees of parental participation in a home learning environment and a child's lack of participation with texts during a prolonged vacation might help evaluate probable variables leading to summer reading setbacks (Chin et al., 2020). Reading declines in early elementary grades show that, despite significant reading gains established in kindergarten and first grade, the summer session between first and second grade is particularly problematic for students who do not have opportunities to engage with reading during summer recess (Seawright, 2017). The lasting impact of low reading abilities in early grades is associated with low, middle, and high school achievement. Therefore, the implications of reading loss must be addressed (Beach et al., 2018). Comprehensive information for parents through a user-friendly guide is the most appropriate method to address this issue.
Summer reading loss is well documented and is more persistent among students from low-socioeconomic backgrounds who are already at risk for academic failure (de Groot, 2021). Declines in academic achievement during summer
eak are more prevalent and consistent for students from low socioeconomic backgrounds than students from middle and higher socioeconomic classes (Campbell et al., 2019). Over time, the
each amplifies and leads to an achievement gap among students from low socioeconomic backgrounds. This issue has caused policymakers, school districts, and other stakeholders throughout the United States to debate formal year-round education for elementary and middle school students (Seawright, 2017).
In a typical school calendar, summer
eak for students averages 12 weeks (about three months); this equates to a significant length of time when the educational process is inte
upted. During this time away from the structure and reinforcements of the regular school day, home and family variables have influenced reading growth or regression in young students (Campbell et al., 2019). For example, in a 12-week layoff, early learners who lack access to print with little opportunity to read the text at their independent levels will often experience regression in fluency and comprehension skills (Hillier, 2021). This regression is often seen in students from disadvantaged homes (McDaniel et al., 2017).
Many parents from higher socioeconomic backgrounds provide reading enrichment and continuous learning for their children during the summer (Beach et al., 2018). Students who do not continuously learn throughout the summer could lose up to three months of reading progress, setting them further behind for the new academic school year (Campbell et al., 2019). Summer vacation inequalities in educational opportunities and outcomes lead to uneven learning gains (Seawright, 2017). Limited book access, difficulties self-selecting books, the school calendar, socioeconomic status, and the amount of information retained over the summer are all reasons for student reading digressions (Capotosto, 2019). Further investigation is needed to explore strategies to keep students engaged in reading growth throughout the summer to prevent reading growth loss in the Southwest Mississippi's rural, low-socioeconomic school district.
There is no consensus in the research literature regarding the best strategies and techniques used to increase summer reading growth. In addition, there are no available research studies regarding effective practices to increase summer reading growth. This study addresses the gap in literature and aims to determine effective practices for closing the academic achievement gap that occurs during the summer within this school district.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Of what, finish this thought...    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: practices to increase summer reading growth
Problem Statement    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Wait, you have no problem statement in your problem statement section. Honestly, I would move all of this to the background of the problem as that was short and this is what was missing. Then see dissertation alignment guide to write a small section here that includes your problem statement in the context of your design and that is cited in cu
ent literature showing best industry practices have not been identified.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: section moved to the background    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: added the problem statement
The problem is that there are no effective practices available that can close the academic achievement gap that occurs during the summer within this school district and that is why the gap is continuously increasing. resulting in ……. (cite). Proponents of the faucet theory believe literacy gaps occur during the summer (McDaniel et al., 2017). Despite continued measures to close the achievement gap over the past decades, considerable disparities remain. On average, summer vacations produce an annual achievement gap of approximately three months between wealthy and poor students, biasing the students from the more economically advantaged families (Alexander et al., 2001). Higher-income students have the advantage of continued learning through vacation experiences and summer programming (Morgan et al 2019).          Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Address this to prevent reading loss, an achievement gap is not something that would 'occur during the summer' so to speak, it is just a measure.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Should you be mentioning low SES in the problem? Is that a focus?
Summer reading loss has been well documented and is more tenacious among pupils from poor socioeconomic conditions who are already at risk of academic failure (Laurie et al., 2019). An academic analyst examined 13 epidemiological findings involving approximately 40,000 schoolchildren and discovered that, on average, the reading competency status of the pupils from lower-income households declined significantly during the summer season. In contrast, the reading competency levels of schoolchildren from middle-income households were enhanced (Capotosto, 2019).     Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: You have to cite all of your claims     Comment by Gretchen Stampley: cited
The availability of reading materials has long been recognized as a factor in differential reading development since students from low-income families frequently lack access to a home li
ary and therefore do not have the required study material. Primary school reading slides reveal that despite massive reading improvements in preschool and kindergarten, summer activity between first and second grade is incredibly stressful for children, especially for children who do not have ways to be involved in reading throughout their summer
eak (Nicholson & Tiru, 2019). Because poor reading in early elementary is related to lower high school attainment, the long-term consequences of reading decline must be acknowledged (McDaniel et al., 2017). Moreover, since no effective practices and strategies are available to close this summer reading loss gap completely, this e-Delphi study is being conducted.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this qualitative e-Delphi study is to gain consensus from a panel of education professionals on practical strategies and techniques to increase summer reading growth throughout the summer months in a rural, low-socioeconomic-status school district in a southwest state. The school district is a small, high-poverty school district in southwest Mississippi. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the efficient steps to sort this study loss problem. For this thorough literature review is conducted as suggested by (Volley, 2020). Understanding the research dedicated to summer reading loss is imperative when identifying ways to close the achievement gap (Volley, 2020). Later, through thorough analysis, suitable parameters to close this issue of summer study loss will be identified along with the strategies for effective implementation. Investigating the predictors of success in reading can improve students' academic achievement (Seawright, 2017).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Ok so here, as you are stating this you are saying you already know what causes reading loss during the summer. You are saying that poverty causes reading loss over the summer essentially which I do not think is true. Even if it is what the literature says then you already know the cause of your problem. For this design you don't know the cause of reading loss for socioeconomically disadvantaged students at the school. Have this conversation with your URM to be sure but this alignment still seems to need tightened within the context of your design.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: removed statement
Population and Sample    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: This section still needs some work for clarity. I'm having to search and think through what you are saying to understand and am still not 100% sure I am clear on your intentions. Be very clear and organized with your writing and do not repeat information in different ways.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: Revised to clarify.
The study population and the sample should meet the expertise requirements, including practical communication skills, education and experience on the issues, capacity, and compliance to participate, and enough time to complete the e-Delphi study (Volley, 2020). The sample population will consist of district-level administrators, literacy coaches, instructional coaches, interventionists, and the cu
iculum director.
The sample for this study will be selected based on the following criterion: years in public school education with at least a minimum of ten years of experience as either a state or national board-certified teacher in reading, English, language arts, or English as a Second Language. Sample adequacy in qualitative inquiry pertains to the suitability of the sample configuration and size (Nicholson & Tiru, 2019). The sample size guidelines suggested a range between 20 and 30 interviews be adequate. The more useable data is collected from each person, the fewer participants are needed (Nodeland & Mo
is, 2018).
This e-Delphi study will consist of a sample size of 12 to 15 that should provide satisfactory results (Nodeland & Mo
is, 2018). The minimum number of participants is dependent on the study design (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020). To achieve data saturation, a predetermined sample size of 12–15 education experts within the rural Southwest school district will be interviewed. If saturation is not achieved with the 15 participants, the researcher will go beyond this number if needed (Sampson, 2019).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: The goal is for the data to become saturated not avoid this.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: Changed to avoid to for    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Yes, good    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: You mentioned 20-30 in the first paragraph which is unclear.
Significance of the Study
The significance of this proposed study will provide district leaders with guidance in deciding whether summer enrichment programs are contributory to reducing summer reading growth loss in at-risk middle school students from one scholastic year to the next.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: This sounds quantitative to me.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: changed to The significance of this proposed study will provide district leaders with guidance in deciding whether summer enrichment programs are contributory to reducing summer reading growth loss in at-risk middle school students from one scholastic year to the next.
Reaching a consensus regarding effective practices will be a foundation for developing the best strategies for program development. This study will identify different domains to help mitigate summer reading growth loss by interviewing education experts. This research can help cu
iculum directors and school district leaders develop a common framework for a summer program design to increase summer reading growth (O’Connell, 2020).
Nature of the Studymethods, deisgn ur design n justanalysidification and data collection instrumentation and
Qualitative research is practical and allows the researcher to create a grounded theory design based on experiences to organize the study. It explains how to apply instruments and collect data (Volley, 2020), while quantitative data provides the figures to support the study's
oad general conclusions. Qualitative data provides the description and scope required to comprehend their ramifications fully. Understanding the disparities between these methodologies is critical to getting the highest outcomes from them in the questionnaires (Olsen et al., 2019).     Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: This paragraph needs rewritten. Just say what qualitative research is, then why that is better than quantitative for what you are doing and cite your assortations.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: revised    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN:     Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Avoid pronouns, what is it
In comparison to other qualitative approaches, the Delphi method emphasizes organized anonymized interaction among individuals with competence on a specific subject to get a consensus in sectors such as practice, organizational decision-making, and policy (Pinho et al., 2020). Even though there are methodological guidelines in the literature for utilizing the Delphi technique with quantitative data, there is much less direction for those who want to use the Delphi technique with only qualitative data. Due to its reliance on questionnaires and digital information gathering, the Delphi technique is appropriate for developing practice theory in public and organizational settings, which assists in maintaining study costs as low as possible (Sampson, 2020).
By analyzing themes and patterns among participants, the goal is to reach a consensus regarding effective practices for increasing summer reading growth throughout the summer months in a rural school district in southwest Mississippi. Since the cu
ent E-Delphi method relies on examining an issue to understand that multiple viewpoints are incorporated and valued as suggested by (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020). In addition, the Delphi method allows the researcher to ask experts to respond several times to a particular problem to reach a consensus about an issue (Sampson, 2020) it is appropriate than the other available research designs. Along with this, the E-Delphi research design is suitable because the problem can be visibly defined using a panel of education professionals to forecast the future of mitigating summer reading loss as mentioned by (Schmitt et al., 2019).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Additionally, discuss why your proposal research design is more appropriate than two or three other possible research designs     Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: This is where you would talk about what grounded theory is for instance and a few other designs and then conclude with your design and why it is the most appropriate.    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: Revised to identify the why the chosen research design is more appropriate.
The panel of education experts will be contacted via Survey Monkey, an internet program, to solicit and obtain a consensus from a panel of education experts. Researchers will use qualitative data analysis software instead of manual analysis to efficiently and effectively organize the data used in research today (Sampson, 2020). NVivo is a computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software used to determine themes. This software implements an electronic way of expediting data grouping, sorting, and marking text to form descriptions (Schmitt et al., 2019).
A diverse group will share knowledge and opinions on strategies and techniques to increase summer reading growth. The e-Delphi method provides versatility in educational research (Sampson, 2020). In addition, the e-Delphi process allows education expert panels to provide context for a problem when there is a lack of literature (Schmitt et al., 2019).
In contrast to other qualitative research designs such as ethnography, which presents a past perspective, and case study, which provide a contemporary viewpoint, e-Delphi offers a future view (O'Connell, 2020).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Not a design    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: added the ethnography design
This design is most suitable because the process includes surveys for data collection, rounds of research questioning based on the pilot study for data analysis and designing of new strategies along with modification of the plan.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: This section needs organized for flow. Look at the order to address things in the alignment guide:MethodDesign - 2-3Your design and justificationData collection and instrumentationData AnalysisUse headings if you need to
Research Questions
Students lose academic growth attained during the school months on summer
eak (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020). The research question that will guide the foundation of this study is the prevalence of summer reading loss among students who are not exposed to or encouraged to read at home or in summer programs when school is not in session.
RQ1: What is the consensus of a panel of education professionals in identifying reasons for reading loss deficiencies?
SQ2: What is the consensus of a panel of education professionals in identifying effective strategies to reduce reading loss? For example, increase parental involvement during the summer months to reduce reading loss.
Conceptual Framework
The conceptual basis for this study is social learning theory and faucet theory. Some scholars advocated incorporating existing theories into the design of a conceptual framework (O’Connell, 2020).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Ensure all paragraphs are a minimum of three sentences
Social learning theory informs the study by explaining human behavior through continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences. Social learning theory frames this study by explaining how children imitate modeled behavior by observing others, the environment, and the mass media (Sampson, 2020). At the same time, the faucet theory informs the study by expounding on how children access learning and reading materials during the academic year.
Faucet Theory
According to the theory, children from low socioeconomic families perform poorly academically compared to children from middle-class and wealthy families while focusing on differences in schools and home environments (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020). Students have access to quality programs, educators, support, and enrichment during school. However, when students are not in school during the summer months, the flow of resources is turned off, leaving economically disadvantaged students particularly vulnerable to summer learning loss (Sampson, 2020). In addition, U.S. students living in poverty regress over the summer
eak in the skills and knowledge gained during the school year.     A researcher researched the faucet theory to create an enrichment, literacy-focused program that made summer learning equitable for students (O'Connell, 2020). As a result, the school turned on the faucet of resources, and students' literacy growth was encouraged during the summer months (O'Connell, 2020). The "faucet theory" can explain seasonal patterns. Once school had been in session, the asset faucet had been turned on for every student, and everyone acquired it equitably; when the education system was not in session, the asset faucet had been turned off. During the summers, families from low socioeconomic backgrounds were unable to compensate for the assets provided by the school, and their children's accomplishments plateaued or even declined. On the other hand, middle-class family members could compensate for the school's assets to a considerable extent, allowing their children's pace of growth, albeit at a slower rate (Sampson, 2020).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Break up all long paragraphs into three to five sentences    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Not seeing any direct quotes?    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: Cited co
ectly
Social Learning Theory
Several scholars based their research on Albert Bandura's social learning theory from a social context to understand how social learning theory can manifest in a specific format in higher education (Sampson, 2020). Social learning theory (SLT) consists of four steps: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020). Social learning theory also focuses the dynamics of a relationship between the model and observer. Anyone's behavior directly results from cognitive processes and the environment through social circumstances and events. For example, children observe actions in their environment and mimic the actions that contribute to reading growth lost during the summer (Sampson, 2020).    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: used the term defines rather than focuses
Social modeling and illustrations are highly effective educational tools. When children see the beneficial results of an activity, they are more likely to perform that activity themselves. If they see adverse implications, they are more likely to refrain from engaging in that behavior. Distinctive, new, and diverse situations frequently pique students' interests and make them stand out (Olsen et al., 2019). Students are more inclined to listen if they see certain students paying close attention.
Consequently, teachers employ punishment and reward systems to enable students to learn from the illustrations of others. Social learning theory has a solid foundation in promoting self-efficacy through constructive feedback. Children who receive positive reinforcement have general confidence in themselves and their abilities; this stands out in their minds, and they want to repeat this behavior (Nicholson & Tiru, 2019).
Definition of Terms
Achievement Gap. There is a statistically significant disparity in academic achievement between students grouped according to their race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender (Laurie 2022).    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Every definition needs cited, they are not bold    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: added citation
Faucet Theory. It describes the phenomenon of a lack of resources for children from economically disadvantaged homes. (Nicholson & Tiru, 2019).
Learning loss. Specific or general loss of knowledge and skills or reversals in academic progress, most commonly due to extended gaps or discontinuities in a student’s education (Beach & Traga Philippakos, 2020).
Socioeconomic status (SES). Measures of social group prestige, typically based on income and education (Nicholson & Tiru, 2019).
Summer reading loss. Children’s reading development deteriorates during summer vacation when children are absent from the classroom and do not engage in formal literacy programs (Chin et al., 2020).
Summer slide, summer setback, or summer drift. Describes learning loss that occurs during
eaks from school (Hillier, 2021).
Assumptions, Limitations, and Delimitations
Participating in an e-Delphi study provides panel experts with an occasion to express their opinions and knowledge (Chin et al., 2020). In addition, the e-Delphi study enables panel members to revise their ideas and thoughts after examining responses to align with the group's ideas (Beach et al. 2020). An assumption is that all participants will answer honestly. Therefore, participants' honesty is assumed when answering survey questions about strategies and techniques to increase summer reading growth. Moreover, this study illustrates that the measurement instruments used to collect data are valid and reliable.    Comment by TIFFANI BATEMAN: Use 7th ed apa for 3 or more sources    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: co
ected    Comment by Gretchen Stampley: (Beach et al. 2020)
Furthermore, the meaning of this study is rooted in the participants' experiences and has limited...
SOLUTION.PDF

Answer To This Question Is Available To Download

Related Questions & Answers

More Questions »

Submit New Assignment

Copy and Paste Your Assignment Here