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OverviewScientific inquiry rests on a set of beliefs that scientists share. Given that behavior analysis is the science of human behavior, these assumptions guide us in how we approach our work as...

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Scientific inquiry rests on a set of beliefs that scientists share. Given that behavior analysis is the science of human behavior, these assumptions guide us in how we approach our work as behavior analysts and researchers. For this assignment, you will explore the philosophical assumptions of science and behavior analysis, which include selectionism, determinism, empiricism, experimentation, replication, parsimony, and philosophic doubt.


Review the relevant sections of Chapters 1 and 2 of yourApplied Behavior Analysistextbook.


Use the
Philosophical Assumptions Template [DOCX]

Download Philosophical Assumptions Template [DOCX]

to complete the following:

  • Explain the assumption and why it is important to scientific inquiry. With a scholarly tone, use your own words for your explanation and do not use direct quotes from the textbook. (2–3 sentences per assumption.)

  • Provide an example that illustrates the importance of the assumption.

Note: Since you are using yourApplied Behavior Analysistextbook as a reference, be sure to include a reference to the textbook. There is an example APA-formatted reference provided in the template for you to follow.

Refer to the Philosophical Assumptions rubric to ensure you understand the grading criteria for this assignment.

Additional Requirements

Your assignment should also meet the following requirements:

  • Written communication: Should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.

  • Resources: You are not expected to include references other than your textbook.

  • Length: 2–3 pages. In addition, include a title page and a reference page.

Answered 1 days After Feb 02, 2024


Deblina answered on Feb 04 2024
13 Votes
Applied Behavior Analysis        2
Table of Contents
Introduction    3
Empiricism    3
Determinism    3
Replication    4
Parsimony    4
Philosophic Doubt    5
Selectionism    5
Importance of the Philosophical Assumption    5
Conclusion    6
References    7
The philosophical assumptions underpinning scientific inquiry form the bedrock of Applied Behavior Analysis (Cooper et al., 2007). This discipline, dedicated to understanding and modifying human behavior, adheres to a set of foundational beliefs that guide the approach to research and practice. The core assumptions, including empiricism, determinism, experimentation, replication, parsimony, philosophic doubt, and selectionism, collectively shape the scientific lens through which behavior analysts view, interpret, and intervene in the complex realm of human behavior. This exploration aims to dissect each assumption, elucidating its significance within the context of behavior analysis, and providing illustrative examples to underscore their practical application.
Empiricism, the reliance on observable and measurable evidence as the basis for knowledge, forms the cornerstone of scientific inquiry and Applied Behavior Analysis. Within this paradigm, the importance of direct observation and measurable data cannot be overstated. By grounding interventions and theories in empirical evidence, behavior analysts ensure the credibility and practical utility of their work. For instance, when assessing the effectiveness of a behavior intervention designed to decrease disruptive behaviors in a classroom setting, behavior analysts systematically collect observational data to quantify behavior changes, thus adhering to the empiricism principle.
Determinism, the belief in systematic and lawful relationships between events, is fundamental to understanding and predicting behavior. In the realm of Applied Behavior Analysis, determinism underscores the notion that behavior is not haphazard but is influenced by identifiable factors. This assumption empowers behavior analysts to explore the antecedents and consequences governing behavior systematically. Consider a case where a child exhibits noncompliance in response to specific instructions. Determinism...

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