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Assessment T-1.8.1 Details of Assessment Term and Year TERM 1 2018 Time allowed Weeks 1 - 8 Assessment No 1 Assessment Weighting 100% Assessment Type Case Study and Knowledge Testing Due Date Week 7...

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Assessment
T-1.8.1
    Details of Assessment
    Term and Yea
    TERM 1 2018
    Time allowed
    Weeks 1 - 8
    Assessment No
    1
    Assessment Weighting
    100%
    Assessment Type
    Case Study and Knowledge Testing
    Due Date
    Week 7
    Room
    3
    Details of Subject
    Qualification
    BSB51915 Diploma of Leadership and Management
    Subject Name
    Sustainability
    
    Details of Unit(s) of competency
    Unit Code and Names
    BSBSUS501 Develop workplace policy and procedures for sustainability
    Details of Student
    Student Name
    
    College
    AAI
    Student ID
    
    Student Declaration: I declare that the work submitted is my own, and has not been copied or plagiarised from any person or source.
    Signature: ___________________________
Date: _______/________/_______________
    Details of Assesso
    Assessor’s Name
    SINDHU NAIR
    Assessment Outcome
    Results
    
|_| Competent |_| Not Yet Competent

    Marks
     / 100
    FEEDBACK TO STUDENT
Progressive feedback to students, identifying gaps in competency and comments on positive improvements:
    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Student Declaration: I declare that I have been assessed in this unit, and I have been advised of my result. I am also aware of my right to appeal and the reassessment procedure.
Signature:     ____________________________
Date:     ____/_____/_____
    Assessor Declaration: I declare that I have conducted a fair, valid, reliable and flexible assessment with this student, and I have provided appropriate feedback
|X| Student did not attend the feedback session.
XXXXXXXXXXFeedback provided on assessment.
Signature:     _______________
Date:     ____/_____/_____
    Purpose of the Assessment
    The purpose of this assessment is to assess the student in the following learning outcomes:
    Competent
(C)
    Not Yet Competent
(NYC)
    Scope and develop organisational policies and procedures that comply with legislative requirements and support the organisation’s sustainability goals covering such as minimising resource use, resource efficiency and reducing toxic material and hazardous chemical use
    
    
    plan and implement sustainability policy and procedures
    
    
    consult and communicate with relevant stakeholders to generate engagement with sustainability policy development, implementation and continuous improvement
    
    
    review and improve sustainability policies
    
    
    outline the environmental or sustainability legislation, regulations and codes of practice applicable to the organisation identify internal and external sources of information
    
    
    outline organisational systems and procedures that relate to sustainability
    
    
    Assessment/evidence gathering conditions
    Each assessment component is recorded as either Competent (C) or Not Yet Competent (NYC). A student can only achieve competence when all assessment components listed under “Purpose of the assessment” section are recorded as competent. Your trainer will give you feedback after the completion of each assessment. A student who is assessed as NYC (Not Yet Competent) is eligible for re-assessment.
    Resources required for this Assessment
    1. Computer with relevant software applications and access to internet
1. Weekly eLearning notes relevant to the tasks/questions
    Instructions for Students
    Please read the following instructions carefully
· This assessment has to be completed |_| In class |X| At home
· The assessment is to be completed according to the instructions given by your assessor.
· Feedback on each task will be provided to enable you to determine how your work could be improved. You will be provided with feedback on your work within two weeks of the assessment due date. All other feedback will be provided by the end of the term.
· Should you not answer the questions co
ectly, you will be given feedback on the results and your gaps in knowledge. You will be given another opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge and skills to be deemed competent for this unit of competency.
· If you are not sure about any aspects of this assessment, please ask for clarification from your assessor.
· Please refer to the College re-assessment for more information (Student Handbook).
PART 1: CASE BASED ASSESSMENT (60%)
ASSESSMENT CONTEXT
You have recently being appointed as an operational officer of a 3 star hotel named IBIS in Sydney. Matching contemporary u
an style and energy with warm, welcoming service and a casual spirit, the ibis Sydney World Square Hotel is one of the top places to stay in Sydney CBD. With an unbeatable central city location, on historic Pitt Street near the Capitol Theatre, SMC Conference Centre and Australian Technology Park, our 166-room hotel offers well-appointed accommodation at an exceptional price that meets any budget. From here, guests enjoy a short stroll to Sydney attractions like the historic Queen Victoria Building, Chinatown, Hyde Park and Darling Ha
our. Some of the highlighted features of this hotel includes with
oadband Internet access, wifi, LCD flat screen televisions, work desks and mini refrigerators comfortable Standard or Deluxe outfitted with the full range of business and family-friendly amenities.
Use the IBIS website at http:
www.ibissydneyworldsquare.com.au/ to gather more information on the organisational and to complete the four activities. In each of the activities, a sample has been provided (highlighted in red text) for you get an idea on how to complete the activity. Each activity ca
ies 15 marks to aggregate a total of 60 marks in PART 1.
ACTIVITY 1: DEVELOPING WORKPLACE PROCEDURES
Use this table to identify and describe procedures you should follow at this hotel organisation in order to comply with licensing, regulations or environmental policy. In the first column (Workplace procedure) list each procedure you follow. In the second column (Purpose) explain the purpose of the procedure. In the last column (Use of the procedure) describe the way you perform a task or steps you take in order to comply.
    WORKPLACE PROCEDURE
    PURPOSE
    USE OF THE PROCEDURE
    Recycling procedure
    Encourage recycling of office waste, e.g paper, printer toner cartridges, limit colour impressions
    I only print when necessary and recycle printed copies I no longer need.
If replacing a printer cartridge I put the used toner into a box labelled for toner recycling.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
ACTIVITY 2: RESOURCE CONSUMPTION PLAN
Use this table to record some of the resources your hotel may have used in one day. Add resources to the first column (Resources) according to job and workplace activities. Complete the ‘Resource’ column by listing the volume of the resource you consume for different activities. Estimate volumes (e.g. 250ml) to the best of your knowledge where necessary. In the second column (Unit of measurement) give the general unit of measurement for how the resource can be measured. In the third column (Total usage in one day) give your total usage according to all amounts you use multiplied by the unit of measurement. Some examples are included to get you started.
As an alternative to completing this table, you could conduct an audit or survey. For example a paper audit: count the number of paper sheets or reams used up over a period of time.
Or conduct a survey amongst your colleagues: find out how much car fuel is consumed in total amongst the group in one (1) day.
    RESOURCE
    UNIT OF MEASUREMENT
    TOTAL USAGE IN ONE DAY
    Electricity (lighting)
one 100 watt light bul
    Hours/kilowatts
    7 hours/0.7kW
    Water (kitchen)
1 cup + 250ml
    cups/millilitres
    4 cups/ 1,000mls (I litre)
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
ACTIVITY 3: ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Use this table to identify environmental hazards in your workplace or an alternative place of work or study. In the first column (Hazard) list five hazards you find in your workplace. In the second column (Why?) explain why each is an actual or potential hazard. In the last column (Risks) describe the risks to the environment associated with each hazard.
Environmental hazards include smog, gases, odours, waste water, sewage leaks, pesticides and waste (plastics).
    HAZARD
    WHY?
    RISKS
    Cleaning products containing toxic chemicals
    Cleaning products release pollutants into the environment when they wash down drains and enter waterways.
    Pollutants change the natural composition of the air, soil and water they mix with. This endangers animal habitats and affects the sustainable balance of plant diversity, eg nutrients in detergents result in excessive plant growth and cause fluctuations in oxygen levels.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
ACTIVITY 4: WORK ACTIVITIES IMPACT
Use this table to identify which aspects of the environment your work activities impact. Add your work activities to the first column (Activity). Place a cross in each column (Environmental impacts) that you think the work activity impacts.
In the last column (Comments) suggest ways in which the work activity impacts the environment.
    WORK ACTIVITY
    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
    COMMENTS
    
    Air quality
    Water quality
    Natural resource supply
    Waste disposal
    Land and wildlife
    Noise
    Heritage
    
    Using a compute
    
    
    x
    x
    
    
    
    Leaving a computer switched on when not in use is wasting energy (impacting natural resource supply).
Disposing of computers generates waste which adds to landfill.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
PART 2: SHORT ANSWER RESPONSES (40%)
INSTRUCTIONS
This PART 2 is a section to assess underpinning knowledge of learners in relation to the unit. To complete this section, the learner may have to refer to external information such as legislation, codes of practice, texts and notes, samples of other workplace procedures. There are 8 short questions each ca
ying 5 marks to a total of 40 marks in PART 2. You must answer all.
1. Research your state’s environmental agency and policies. Note down any legislation, fines or restrictions in place for businesses.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. A hotel close to your organisation (which is a competitor) is advertising itself as ‘environmentally friendly’. The company’s logo features a pine tree in the background and its website advertises the firm as ‘a leader in sustainable practices’. However, its website does not contain any actual policies on the environment and no reports on sustainability are available to the public.
1. Is this a form of green washing or is it green marketing?
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. Are consumers in Australia protected from misleading information? How?
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. Some Australian organisations such as airlines offer a ca
on offset program. When you book your airline ticket you are presented with the option of paying a small surcharge to offset the ca
on emissions of your flight.
1. Do an internet research and explain how the ca
on offset program helps the environment and the organisation.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. How could the results of this program be reported back to the community or shareholders?
    
    
    
1. Define sustainability and the three pillars of sustainability.
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. Explain ca
on trading.
    
    
    
    
Answered Same DayMar 08, 2020BSBSUS501Training.Gov.Au

Solution

Arun answered on Mar 12 2020
88 Votes

Assessment
T-1.8.1
    Details of Assessment
    Term and Yea
    TERM 1 2018
    Time allowed
    Weeks1 - 8
    Assessment No
    1
    Assessment Weighting
    100%
    Assessment Type
    Case Study and Knowledge Testing
    Due Date
    Week 7
    Room
    3
    Details of Subject
    Qualification
    BSB51915 Diploma of Leadership and Management
    Subject Name
    Sustainability
    
    Details of Unit(s) of competency
    Unit Codeand Names
    BSBSUS501Develop workplace policy and procedures for sustainability
    Details of Student
    Student Name
    
    College
    AAI
    Student ID
    
    Student Declaration: I declare that the work submitted is my own, and has not been copied or plagiarised from any person or source.
    Signature: ___________________________
Date: _______/________/_______________
    Details of Assesso
    Assessor’s Name
    SINDHU NAIR
    Assessment Outcome
    Results
    
|_|Competent|_|Not Yet Competent
    Marks
     / 100
    FEEDBACK TO STUDENT
Progressive feedback to students, identifying gaps in competency and comments on positive improvements:
    ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Student Declaration: I declare that I have been assessed in this unit, and I have been advised of my result. I am also aware of my right to appeal and the reassessment procedure.
Signature:     ____________________________
Date:     ____/_____/_____
    Assessor Declaration: I declare that I have conducted a fair, valid, reliable and flexible assessment with this student, and I have provided appropriate feedback
|X| Student did not attend the feedback session.
Feedback provided on assessment.
Signature:     _______________
Date:     ____/_____/_____
    Purpose of the Assessment
    The purpose of this assessment is to assess the student in the following learning outcomes:
    Competent
(C)
    Not Yet Competent
(NYC)
    Scope and develop organisational policies and procedures that comply with legislative requirements and support the organisation’s sustainability goals covering such as minimising resource use, resource efficiency and reducing toxic material and hazardous chemical use
    
    
    plan and implement sustainability policy and procedures
    
    
    consult and communicate with relevant stakeholders to generate engagement with sustainability policy development, implementation and continuous improvement
    
    
    review and improve sustainability policies
    
    
    outline the environmental or sustainability legislation, regulations and codes of practice applicable to the organisation identify internal and external sources of information
    
    
    outline organisational systems and procedures that relate to sustainability
    
    
    Assessment/evidence gathering conditions
    Each assessment component is recorded as either Competent (C) or Not Yet Competent (NYC). A student can only achieve competence when all assessment components listed under “Purpose of the assessment” section are recorded as competent. Your trainer will give you feedback after the completion of each assessment. A student who is assessed as NYC (Not Yet Competent) is eligible for re-assessment.
    Resources required for this Assessment
    1. Computer with relevant software applications and access to internet
1. Weekly eLearning notes relevant to the tasks/questions
    Instructions for Students
    Please read the following instructions carefully
· This assessment has to be completed |_| In class |X| At home
· The assessment is to be completed according to the instructions given by your assessor.
· Feedback on each task will be provided to enable you to determine how your work could be improved. You will be provided with feedback on your work within two weeks of the assessment due date. All other feedback will be provided by the end of the term.
· Should you not answer the questions co
ectly, you will be given feedback on the results and your gaps in knowledge. You will be given another opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge and skills to be deemed competent for this unit of competency.
· If you are not sure about any aspects of this assessment, please ask for clarification from your assessor.
· Please refer to the College re-assessment for more information (Student Handbook).
PART 1: CASE BASED ASSESSMENT (60%)
ASSESSMENT CONTEXT
You have recently being appointed as an operational officer of a 3 star hotel named IBIS in Sydney. Matching contemporary u
an style and energy with warm, welcoming service and a casual spirit, the ibis Sydney World Square Hotel is one of the top places to stay in Sydney CBD. With an unbeatable central city location, on historic Pitt Street near the Capitol Theatre, SMC Conference Centre and Australian Technology Park, our 166-room hotel offers well-appointed accommodation at anexceptional price that meets any budget. From here, guests enjoy a short stroll to Sydney attractions like the historic Queen Victoria Building, Chinatown, Hyde Park and Darling Ha
our. Some of the highlighted features of this hotel includes with
oadband Internet access, wifi, LCD flat screen televisions, work desks and mini refrigerators comfortable Standard or Deluxe outfitted with the full range of business and family-friendly amenities.
Use the IBIS website at http:
www.ibissydneyworldsquare.com.au/ to gather more information on the organisational and to complete the four activities. In each of the activities, a sample has been provided (highlighted in red text) for you get an idea on how to complete the activity. Each activity ca
ies 15 marks to aggregate a total of 60 marks in PART 1.
ACTIVITY1: DEVELOPING WORKPLACE PROCEDURES
Use this table to identify and describe procedures you should follow at this hotel organisation in order to comply with licensing, regulations or environmental policy. In the first column (Workplace procedure) list each procedure you follow. In the second column (Purpose) explain the purpose of the procedure. In the last column (Use of the procedure) describe the way you perform a task or steps you take in order to comply.
    WORKPLACE PROCEDURE
    PURPOSE
    USE OF THE PROCEDURE
    Recycling procedure
    Encourage recycling of office waste, e.g paper, printer toner cartridges, limit colour impressions
    I only print when necessary and recycle printed copies I no longer need.
If replacing a printer cartridge I put the used toner into a box labelled for toner recycling.
    Laundry procedure
    Minimising the expenses of laundry because generally laundry accounts for 16 percent of water consumption of the hotel.
    Asking guests to use the robes, towels, and washing clothes ones can save more water and electricity bill as well because the laundry requires electricity to clean the clothes. This will also enhance the lives of fa
ics used in towels, bed sheets and other clothes that save more money to the hotel. A simple and gentle reminder should be placed to each room of the hotel to remind the guests to use the water wisely.
    Printing material
    The purpose is to use less paper for printing material and less energy as well
    The tactics used is to encourage hotel staffs to use the printing double sided and also use recycled paper for printing purposes.
    Food preparation activities
    The purpose is to use less energy and resources to make food and offer water for drinking. Water in bottle creates many hazards to the environment and therefore, the preference is given to use the hydrated options.
    Fresh and seasonal produce should be used to avoid costs to hotel and to the environment as well. The local products should be added in the menu of the hotel. The organic food should be used. The hormone free dairy products and meat should be used for quality food. The water should be used judiciously and preference should be offered to hydration options than the bottled water to save energy and resources misuse. Therefore, the filtered water dispensers, refillable bottles and other options are considers.
    Cleaning activity
    The purpose is to reduce hazards and environmental destruction
    The cleaning activity must include those products that are safe to use and environmental friendly. The cleaning products should use bio based oils as well as other natural cleaners.
ACTIVITY 2: RESOURCE CONSUMPTION PLAN
Use this table to record some of the resources yourhotel may have used in one day. Add resources to the first column (Resources) according to job and workplace activities. Complete the ‘Resource’ column by listing the volume of the resource you consume for different activities. Estimate volumes (e.g. 250ml) to the best of your knowledge where necessary. In the second column (Unit of measurement) give the general unit of measurement for how the resource can be measured. In the third column (Total usage in one day) give your total usage according to all amounts you use multiplied by the unit of measurement. Some examples are included to get you started.
As an alternative to completing this table, you could conduct an audit or survey. For example a paper audit: count the number of paper sheets or reams used up over a period of time.
Or conduct a survey amongst your colleagues: find out how much car fuel is consumed in total amongst the group in one (1) day.
    RESOURCE
    UNIT OF MEASUREMENT
    TOTAL USAGE IN ONE DAY
    Electricity (lighting)
one 100 watt light bul
    Hours/kilowatts
    7 hours/0.7Kw*120
    Water (kitchen)
1 cup + 250ml
    cups/millilitres
    4 cups/ 1,000mls (I litre) total 166 litres
    Food items vegetables(Kitchen)
    KGs
    Approx 50Kgs
    Food items (Kitchen) oils
    Litres
    Approx 15 litres
    Food item spices and he
s
    grams
    500 grams
    Water drinking (guests)
    Mililitre
    300 litres
    Electricity consumption (TV)
    Hours/Kilowatt
    0.4Kw*120
    Electricity consumption (Mini refrigerator)
    Hours/Kilowatt
    0.7Kw*120
ACTIVITY 3: ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Use this table to identify environmental hazards in your workplace or an alternative place of work or study. In the first column (Hazard) list five hazards you find in your workplace. In the second column (Why?) explain why each is an actual or potential hazard. In the last column (Risks) describe the risks to the environment associated with each hazard.
Environmental hazards include smog, gases, odours, waste water, sewage leaks, pesticides and waste (plastics).
    HAZARD
    WHY?
    RISKS
    Cleaning products containing toxic chemicals
    Cleaning products release pollutants into the environment when they wash down drains and enter waterways.
    Pollutants change the natural composition of the air, soil and water they mix with. This endangers animal habitats and affects the sustainable balance of plant diversity, eg nutrients in detergents result in excessive plant growth and cause fluctuations in oxygen levels.
    Waste disposal of plastic
    The plastic products are hard to dispose and put environmental threat.
    The plastic ga
age may cause low fertility of soil and this may endangers the local habitats. Therefore plastic puts a threat.
    Waste wate
    The proper use of water is required to follow the green environment policy but wasting water may create a hazard to the local community members while depriving them to use the water resources adequately. The waste water may have harmful chemicals.
    The waste water discharged on the dry lands, it seeps into the water table underground and well resources but these sources of water than contaminated. This results to destruction of ecosystems. The reckless use of wastewater can create harms too many animals and environment (Organica, 2018).
    Pesticides contain harmful contents ( Mahmood, Imadi, Shazadi , Hakeem, 2015)
    The use of pesticides may distu
biodiversity in the case of when the pesticides are used excessively.
    Excessive use of pesticides may kill the birds, animals and may distu
the bio-diversity.
    Release of CFC gases may create health hazards
    Mini refrigerators are used for refrigeration purposes but they also release CFC gases and that causes greater environmental threat
    CFC is found to recede the Ozone layer as well as Crete health repercussions of humans as it can create skin cancer and eyes infections as well as immune system deficiency (Betama, 2017)
    Smog can create health hazards.
    Smog may create health issues to the people in kitchen area and in the other areas too.
    People may feel ill and may fall due to smog.
ACTIVITY 4: WORK ACTIVITIES IMPACT
Use this table to identify which aspects of the environment your work activities impact. Add your work activities to the first column (Activity). Place a cross in each column(Environmental impacts) that you think the work activity impacts.
In the last column (Comments) suggest ways in which the work activity impacts the environment.
    WORK ACTIVITY
    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
    COMMENTS
    
    Air quality
    Water quality
    Natural resource supply
    Waste disposal
    Land and wildlife
    Noise
    Heritage
    
    Using a compute
    The air quality is not being affected by use of a compute
    none
    none
    Waste disposal is an issue with use of a compute
    The land are can be contaminated with computer waste
    
    
    Leaving a computer switched on when not in use is wasting energy (impacting natural resource supply).
Disposing of computers generates waste which adds to landfill.
    Using a refrigerato
    x
    x
    x
    x
    x
    
    x
    Using a refrigerator may cause to release CFC gases that have harmful impact over the human being as well as other animals. The wildlife may be affected with the release of CFC gases. The heritage or flora and fauna is affected
    Cleaning activities
    
    x
    x
    x
    x
    
    x
    The cleaning activities may include those harmful chemicals that create health hazards to the individuals as well as environment
    Using plastics
    x
    x
    x
    x
    x
    
    x
    The plastic use may contaminate air, water and ecological system. The use of plastics that contain harmful elements may cause soil fertility to be negatively affected as well as causes greater environmental threat.
PART 2: SHORT ANSWER RESPONSES (40%)
INSTRUCTIONS
This PART 2 is a section to assess underpinning knowledge of learners in relation to the unit. To complete this section, the learner may have to refer to external information such as legislation, codes of practice, texts and notes, samples of other workplace procedures. There are 8 short questions each ca
ying 5 marks to a total of 40 marks in PART 2. You must answer all.
1. Research your state’s environmental agency and policies. Note down any legislation, fines or restrictions in place for businesses.
    The state environmental policies offer guidelines to the businesses that the business should judiciously use energy, cu
greenhouse gases emissions, and ozone layer depleting materials, minimise the office and building wastes and enhancing resource recovery. The policy also recommends using potable water and waste water by recycling.
    There are coastal protection and management act 1995
    Waste reduction and recycling act 2011
    Environmental protection act 1994
    Nature conservation act 1992
    Queensland heritage act 1992
    sustainable planning act 2009
    Water act 2000 (Chapter 3).
    Wet tropics world heritage protection and management act 1993.
    The state offers compliance alerts to the businesses and imposes punishment for violation of these acts.
1. A hotel close to your organisation (which is a competitor) is advertising itself as ‘environmentally friendly’. The company’s logo features a pine tree in the background and its website advertises the firm as ‘a leader in sustainable practices’. However, its website does not contain any actual policies on the environment and no reports on sustainability are available to the public.
1. Is this a form of green washing or is it green marketing?
    The hotel definitely using propaganda by showing a logo of Pine tree to gain approvals of customers. But this act does not endorse that the hotel is really engaged in promoting sustainable development practices. The sustainable development practices require minimisation of water and electricity use, recycled water use, renewable energy use and limiting the use of non-renewable energy sources. It also requires contributing towards local community development and safety of employees as well as diversity and inclusion promotion. But all these areas are not reported by the company, therefore, it can be concluded that this is not an act of green marketing.
1. Are consumers in Australia protected from misleading information? How?
    The consumers in Australia are protected by the laws enacted by the government of Australia to protect the interests of customers. The consumers are protected against the puffery, misleading or the deceptive actions of the companies. Customers can look for civil remedies in case of misleading and deceptive conduct such as injunctions, damages and compensatory orders. The Australian consumer law offers customers to obtain safe products from manufactures, retailers and importers. The safety tips and product safety news are necessary to be printed on the packaging. These steps of Australian and state government regulate the business operation in environmental friendly manner and promote interests of the customers.
    
    
    `
1. Some Australian organisations such as airlines offer a ca
on offset program. When you book your airline ticket you are presented with the option of paying a small surcharge to offset the ca
on emissions of your flight.
1. Do an internet research and explain howthe ca
on offset program helps the environment and the organisation.
    The ca
on offset program assists the environment to lower the release of ca
on gas. Ca
on offset program assists to identify that any actively, event, processes, building or precinct should be ca
on neutral when the net greenhouse gases emissions become equal to zero. Therefore the entities are required to calculate the emissions and reduce these emissions as much as possible. These entities than purchase as well as cancel the ca
on offsets equivalent to remaining emissions. The benefits of offsetting of ca
on gas are visible in various social, economic and environmental outcomes. The environmental benefits realises by maintaining the plant species and native animals preservation. The step of ca
on offsetting avoids the vegetation cleaning and reestablishment of vegetation. The social benefits acquired by ca
on offsetting includes employment enhancement for the local residents and offering health as well as educational improvements. The economic benefits take place by generating the income from the sale of offset credit. This income is than delivered to the local communities where the project is established by community support and employment (Australian government, 2018)
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. How could the results of this program be reported back to the community or shareholders?
    The results of the program can be reported back to community by calculating the ca
on emission and neutral effects of ca
on on community and people. The benefits in numbers and figures can be reported back to community or the shareholders such as increase in employment, and decrease in pollutants.
    
    
1. Define sustainability and the three pillars of sustainability.
    The sustainability can be defined as meeting the present needs of people without compromising the future generation people ability to meet the needs of present. Therefore, it considers preserving the environmental factors and resources for future generation while wisely using the existing resources. The sustainability has three pillars such as environmental, economic and social pillars. These pillars are also known informally as planet, people and profits. The environmental pillar often receives most attention. The company’s focus towards reducing the ca
on footprint, water consumption and usage, packaging wastes and their overall impact on the ecological system. Companies now gain the understanding about the beneficial impact of sustainable development on the planet and their respective financial gains. Therefore, the companies now look for lessening the material amount use in packaging to reduce the overall spending of the packaging materials. Wal-mart for example stressed to zero-waste initiative. The company has pushed supplies for less packaging and looks for the ways to package the products by recycled and reused materials. The sectors such as mining approach the environmental pillar by benchmarking activity and reducing the ca
on footprints. The social pillar requires that the company must gain approvals from the employees and stakeholders as well as from the community. The social pillar requires that employee should be treated fairly; company should be a good corporate citizen and community member. The social pillar assists companies to require the retention and engagement strategies. Therefore, the companies offer maternity as well as paternity benefits, leaning and development opportunities, and flexible scheduling. The companies for community engagement, offer scholarships, sponsorships and investment in community projects. The social pillar provides guidelines to prevent child labour and human trafficking as well as making the work environment safe.
The economic pillar requires that the companies should comply with the government rules and regulations, establish proper governance as well as risk management (Beattie, 2017).
    
    
    
    
    
1. Explain ca
on trading.
    Ca
on trading is known as the ca
on emission trading the ca
on trade is an exchange between the nations for reducing the emission of ca
on dioxide. The need of ca
on trading is required because the countries that use the fossil fuels and generate ca
on dioxide generally do not pay for impact of burning fossil fuels. There are certain costs that are other than the fuel costs known as externalities. These externalities often
ing the negative consequences that mean that consumption of the goods many have negative impact over the third parties. These externalities include the costs to health such as various diseases, environmental costs such as pollution and degradation of the environment or global warning and climate changes. Therefore, those countries that are going to burn fossil fuels and generate negative externalities are needed to pay to manage these externalities.
The ca
on trade is originated out of the Kyoto protocol that has an objective of reducing the emission of ca
on and mitigating the climatic chances. The ca
on trade works by setting a cap on the ca
on emission amount for each country. The ca
on trade also refers about the abilities of individual companies to sell their unused pollution rights to other countries. The goal of the ca
on trade is to ensure that the companies must not exceed from the baseline level of ca
on emission. The ca
on trade is criticized as well because it is seen as a dangerous distraction. It is also considered as a half measure that does not address the burning issue of global warming (investopedia, 2018). But still the ca
on trade holds importance to address the environmental hazards.
    
    
    
    
    
1. How can businesses reduce their ecological footprint? Provide at least 3 examples.
    EXAMPLE 1:
    The business can reduce the ca
on footprint by calculating the ca
on emission and by finding the possible ways to reduce the ca
on footprint.
    
    
    
    EXAMPLE 2: The companies can use the recycled products and water to conserve water and energy. They should use the renewable energy sources such as wind power, and solar power to conserve the finite resources of energy.
    
    EXAMPLE 3: the companies can offer training to employees about improving the business processes for sustainable development and thus can reduce the ecological footprint.
    
    
    
    
1. What is the purpose of a green office program in Australia? If you are the environmental officer of the 3 star hotel IBIS as mentioned in PART 1, what initiatives, policies and procedures would you recommend the stakeholders and shareholders of the organisation?
    PURPOSE: the purpose of the green office program in Australia is to conserve and preserve the important environmental resources and preserve the ecological balance as well as improve the ecological system. The green office program aims to foster awareness and implementation of the sustainable practices in the organizations.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    YOUR INITITIATES AS IBIS ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICER:
The initiatives taken by me as an IBIS Environmental officer are mentioned here. The focus is towards water and energy conservation and therefore, the steps should be taken to minimise the water and energy consumption. The key data should be reported to the main members of the organization. Initiatives such as monitoring, analysing, reporting and continuously improving the environmental impact are to be practiced. The initiatives should be to apply systematic environmental management approach for compliance to the international standards and national standards for environmental conservation.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
1. Use 2 examples of organisations and situations to explain how sustainability practices benefit businesses.
    EXAMPLE 1: The sustainability practices benefits business to build its corporate image among the public. The case of international paper company that is the top company for sustainable development promotion is evident that has achieved remarkable success because of its wider customer base.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    EXAMPLE 2: the sustainability practice achieves the loyalty of the customers towards a particular company. Promoting the employment in local area or sponsoring the event or offering a scholarship, all these are friendly gestures of the organization. Water conservation practice adopted by Coca Cola company has well praised by the customers and the sustainably development practice assist the Coca-Cola to widen its customers base.
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
References
The sustainability and eco-friendly hotel initiatives. Retrieved from
https:
www.thebalance.com/sustainability-and-eco-friendly-hotel-initiatives-1223545
Australian government. Ca
on offsetting (n.d.). Retrieved from
http:
www.environment.gov.au/climate-change/government/ca
on-neutral/ncos-eligible-offsets
Taylor Dan, (2017). 6 affordable ways to create a green hotel. Retrieved from
https:
log.capte
a.com/affordable-ways-to-create-a-green-hotel
Betama Cara, (2017). What effects do Chrlorofluroca
ons have on humans? Retrieved from
https:
sciencing.com/effects-chlorofluoroca
ons-humans-7053.html
Isra Mahmood Sameen Ruqia Imadi, Kanwal Shazadi , Khalid Rehman Hakeem, (2015). Effects of pesticides on environment. Retrieved from
https:
www.researchgate.net/publication/286042190_Effects_of_Pesticides_on_Environment
Compliance and enforcement. Retrieved from
https:
www.ehp.qld.gov.au/management/planning-guidelines/enforcement.html#changes_to_penalty_infringement_notices
Australian consumer law and your safety. Retrieved from
https:
www.commerce.wa.gov.au/publications/australian-consumer-law-and-your-safetyBeattie Andrew, (2017). The three pillars of corporate sustainability. Retrieved from
https:
www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/100515/three-pillars-corporate-sustainability.asp
investopedia, (2018). What is ca
on tax? Retrieved from
https:
www.investopedia.com/terms/c/ca
ontrade.asp
Sustainability, Assessment No.1        Page 13
v1.1, Last updated on 10/03/2018 by MM
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