Instructions
Please complete the following:
Â· Problem P13-1
Â· Problem P13-15
Â· Problem P13-21
Â· Problem P14-8
Â· Problem P14-14
Ca
y all calculations to TWO decimal places to reduce rounding e
or, especially in multi-step problems.
There are several assigned problems where the solution will require graphing. This will require using the graphing function in Excel.
Â· If you submit your answer without an Excel graph points will be deducted.
Â· If you submit your answer by drawing a graph even if it is co
ect, points will be deducted.
Remember to show all calculations. You must show your calculation and solution. please see the example below. If you do not show how you a
ived at your answers, you will not receive credit. Merely showing the formula without the calculations is not sufficient. The problems should be set up in columns or using other appropriate formatsâ€”do not hide all steps in formulas behind one answer. I must still be able to see how you a
ived at the answer. EXAMPLE OF HOW WORK SHOULD LOOK Please see below
Example (please be sure to show the formula in answers and calculations)
Â· Problem P13-1
EPS calculations and degree of financial leverage: Northwestern Savings and Loan has a cu
ent capital structure consisting of $250,000 of 16% annual interest debt and 2,000 shares of common stock. The firm pays taxes at the rate of 21%.
a. Using EBIT values of $80,000 and $12,000, determine the associated earnings per share (EPS).
. Using $80,000 of EBIT as a base, calculate the degree of financial leverage (DFL).
c. Rework parts a and b, assuming that the firm has $100,000 of 16% (annual interest) debt and 3,000 shares of common stock.
Â· Problem P13-15
Modigliani & Miller Proposition: A certain firm with no debt that operates in perfect capital markets generates a 7.5% return for its shareholders and can issue debt at a cost of 5%. Determine the firmâ€™s ROE at the following debt-to- equity ratios o.5, 1.0, and 1.5.
Â· Problem P13-21
Agency Cost and Capital Structure: Galaxy Enterprises has earnings before interest and taxes of $9 million and $90 million of debt outstanding with a required rate of return of 7.3%. The required rate of return on assets in the industry is 12%. The corporate tax rate is 21%, but there are no personal taxes. The present value of Galaxyâ€™s bankruptcy cost is $18 million. Compute Galaxyâ€™s firm value.
Â· Problem P14-8
Dividend Constraints: A firm has $800,000 in paid-in capital, retained earnings of $40,000 (including the cu
ent yearâ€™s earnings), and 25,000 shares of common stock outstanding, In cu
ent year, it has $29,000 of earnings.
1. What is the most the firm can pay in cash dividends to each common stockholder? ( Assume that legal capital includes all paid-in-capital.)
2. How would an $0.80/share dividend affects the firmâ€™s balance sheet?
3. If the firm cannot rise new external funds, what do you consider the key constraints with respect to the magnitude of the firmâ€™s dividend payment? why?
Â· Problem P14-14
Stock dividend: Investor: Sarah owns 400 shares of Nutri-Foods. The firm has 40,000 shares outstanding. The firm most recently had earnings available for common stockholders of $80,000,and itâ€™s stock has been selling for $22 per share. The firm intends to retain its earnings and pay a 10% stock dividend
1. How much does the firm cu
ently earn per share?
2. What proportion of the firm does Sarah cu
ently own?
3. What proportion of the firm will Sarah own after the stock dividend? Explain
4. What should be the stock price after the stock dividend ?
5. Discuss what effect, if any, the payment of stock dividends will have on Sarahâ€™s share ownership and earnings of Nurti-Foods.