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" At the heart of team effectiveness lies communication, and research into organizational team effectiveness repeatedly identifies communication styles and communication skills as the key indicators...

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At the heart of team effectiveness lies communication, and research into organizational team effectiveness repeatedly identifies communication styles and communication skills as the key indicators for successful collaboration. Indeed, you would have experienced team work within your own assessment as a university student. For some, team work is an enjoyable experience, and is perceived to enhance the overall performance outcome in a process known as social facilitation. For others, team work can be a stressful experience, perceived as an obstacle to achieving the best possible outcome. Working effectively as a team is more than just a university exercise. The vast body of research into team work and team effectiveness is an indication of the importance placed on team work in the modern workplace. Browse through any job advertisements and position description, and references to an “ability to work effectively as a part of a team” is a common theme. Why are some people better at working together with others? Why do some teams perform better than others?

In this essay, you will explore the complexities of organisational team work, and examine the skills and attributes it takes for individual team members to become effective team players. The purpose of this exercise is to discover evidence-based strategies for improving the team working capabilities of yourself and others. To do this successfully, you will need to begin by reviewing the literature on team work and team effectiveness in organizations.

Answered Same Day Nov 01, 2019


David answered on Nov 30 2019
132 Votes
Team work, Communication and Ethics
Team is a group of two or more individuals in a company having common goals. The members of a team followed to complete the given task within the provided time limit.
Skills development, knowledge and efficiencies of a team depend largely on individual skills, knowledge and efficiencies possess required skills to efficiently accomplish the given tasks. Their roles are interdependent of each other, have certain responsibilities associated with the project, and guidelines to be followed by team members (Lencioni 2012). Many components are responsible to guide the effectiveness of a team like:
1. Output: Final output produced by the team must meet the standards of the company.
2. Social Interactions within the team should maintain the ability of members to work together.
3. Learning: Work culture of the team should satisfy the individual needs of its members.
Proper evaluation of team effectiveness includes performance and intra-group activities or behaviors.
Effective Team Development
According to Tuckman’s model, there are four stages of a team development (Davila 2015):
1. Forming means the members get to know each other. It is an initial introductory phase and requires a high level of supervision, guidance from the manager, individual roles are not clear to the members, and till now the process is not well established.
2. Storming requires establishment of goals and objectives, designing the business plans and framework to follow. Understanding the making of decisions and work culture. Purpose of the project is clear at this stage but relationships among the team members are not so strong. Members learn how to work together.
3. Norming: At this stage the relationships are well established and commitment to the team goals has formulated. Team starts the work together to normalize the team process. Individual roles evolve to help the team. The members can express their opinion.
4. Performing: The team works together to achieve goals. Team members know and understand each other very well. Everyone is focused and determined to give maximum output.
Reviewing Team work (Broad definitions and Key terms)
Effective Team: A team having all the members working in coordination with each other with high level of understanding to achieve common goals.
Intra group Conflicts: Conflicts within the team members occu
ing due to contradictory opinions and incompatibilities in behavior. These conflicts can lower the performance of a team.
Team Cohesion: Degree of Coordination and support among the team members which avoids conflicts and increases understanding to each other’s perspective. Team Cohesion is very important for the growth of a team and company.
Team Work: Collective and coordinated activities performed by the team members to achieve common goals. It includes efficient utilization of each member’s skills and abilities.
Team Performance: Team performance is the final outcome that a team delivers in fulfilling the objectives or goals for its company. Performance of a team can be evaluated on the basis of output, relationship among members and learning intention.
The teams can be of different types:
1. Project Team
2. Work Teams
3. Self Managed work teams
4. Parallel Teams
5. Cross Functional teams
6. Virtual teams
For any team to be effective,
1. Its goals have to be realistic, reasonable with certain time limit to achieve them.
2. Great communication between the members, motivating the individual efforts. They must be great listeners to each other. Understanding the perspective of each other, makes the goals to be achieved easily.
3. There should be trust and support among the members.
Project Teams are the teams in Software Organizations or any company working on projects. They work to design a product or service, for which the company may obtain copyrights and patents.
Work Teams are the teams in manufacturing units which produce something or provide services for a product. The members are full time workers and stable in their roles. The Supervisors of these teams manage their performance and guide them during their work.
Self managed (autonomous) teams provide a lot of freedom to their members. They decide their work culture, motives, planning, execution, guiding, evaluating and implementation of their work policies themselves. They are responsible for providing maximum output at their own conditions and terms. They are highly efficient self help groups which improve the productivity,...

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