At the heart of team effectiveness lies communication, and research into organizational team effectiveness repeatedly identifies communication styles and communication skills as the key indicators for successful collaboration. Indeed, you would have experienced team work within your own assessment as a university student. For some, team work is an enjoyable experience, and is perceived to enhance the overall performance outcome in a process known as social facilitation. For others, team work can be a stressful experience, perceived as an obstacle to achieving the best possible outcome. Working effectively as a team is more than just a university exercise. The vast body of research into team work and team effectiveness is an indication of the importance placed on team work in the modern workplace. Browse through any job advertisements and position description, and references to an “ability to work effectively as a part of a team” is a common theme. Why are some people better at working together with others? Why do some teams perform better than others?
In this essay, you will explore the complexities of organisational team work, and examine the skills and attributes it takes for individual team members to become effective team players. The purpose of this exercise is to discover evidence-based strategies for improving the team working capabilities of yourself and others. To do this successfully, you will need to begin by reviewing the literature on team work and team effectiveness in organizations.
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