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1 LAWS20058 – AUSTRALIAN COMMERCIAL LAW TERM 1, 2018 – ASSESSMENT 1 – INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT Marks: 40% of the overall assessment for the course Submission: Online via Moodle Format: One file in .doc...

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Marks: 40% of the overall assessment for the course
Submission: Online via Moodle
Format: One file in .doc or .docx (MS Word) format.
Submissions in any other file format (e.g. .zip) will be
treated as a non-submission.
Your file should contain:
Cover sheet – Contains your name, student number and
word counts for Questions 1, 2 and 3.
Part A – Answer to either Question 1(a) OR Question 1(b)
Part B – Answers to Questions 2 and 3
Part C – Link to YouTube video.
References should be footnoted, using the Australian
Guide to Legal Citation. There should be no need for a
concluding Reference List or Bibliography.
Due date: 11.45pm, Thursday 3 May 2018 (Week 8)
Word limit: Word limits are set out below for each question.
Extensions policy:
The university policy on extensions of time will be strictly enforced. Extensions will only be
considered if made via the online system and must be based on medical or compassionate
grounds. Any extension application should be made before the due date for submission.
Medical conditions should be supported by a medical certificate, and, since students are
expected to start the assignment early, temporary or last-minute conditions are usually not
grounds for an extension. Professionals are expected to manage their time to meet their
obligations, so work or personal commitments are insufficient grounds for an extension.
The university’s plagiarism policy will also be strictly enforced. If plagiarism is found, a
minimum penalty is likely to be zero marks for the assessment. It could be worse.
PART A (10 marks – XXXXXXXXXXwords)
You must choose ONE of the following questions:
Question 1(a)
Provide a summary of the constitution that your tribe developed in Workshop 1, Tasks 1 and
2, explaining how it addresses the requirements for Hart’s 3-part legal system. Then compare
it to how the Australian legal system addresses the same requirements.
Question 1(b)
Research a legal system of a foreign country and explain how it addresses the requirements of
Hart’s 3-part legal system. Then compare it to how the Australian legal system addresses the
same requirements.
NOTE: In either of these questions, you can assume that the marker knows what Hart’s 3-part
legal system is, so you do not have to explain it – you just need to apply it co
PART B (20 marks)
y was sick of his day job, and wanted to buy a business so he could become his own
oss. He saw that a fruit and vegetable store was up for sale at his local shopping village.
The owner had posted an advertisement on the notice board at the shopping village as
Highly profitable venture in bustling subu
an shopping centre with turnover of $20,000 per
month. No competitors. $250,000 plus stock-in-trade. Ring Angelo on XXXXXXXXXX.
y telephoned Angelo and asked about the store. He asked what the expenses of the
usiness were, and Angelo told him that they were $8,000 per month. Ba
y liked what he
had heard, so he decided to check out how busy the shopping centre was. On the weekend,
when he wasn’t working, he went to the shopping centre a few times and noticed that it was
open all day Saturday and Sunday and was busy most of that time. He negotiated with
Angelo and eventually agreed to buy the business for $200,000. To save money, he did not
hire a lawyer, and signed a contract which included the following term:
The sale includes the following plant and equipment:
Item Value
Delivery van $15,000
Loader $2,000
y paid for the business and took over running it on 1 January XXXXXXXXXXWhen he took over
the store, he discovered the following problems:
(a) Although the shopping village was busy on the weekends, it was very quiet during the
week. In the first two months the turnover was only $13,000 per month.
(b) There was a grocery store in the shopping village that sold a wide range of fruit and
(c) After six weeks, a man from a finance company a
ived at the shop and repossessed
the delivery van. It turned out that the van was only leased by the previous owner,
and since Ba
y had not made the lease payments, the lease was in default. Ba
expenses at the shop had been below $8,000 per month, but if he had paid the van
lease, the expenses would have been on average about $8,500 per month.
(d) The loader, which was a small motorised machine for putting pallets on and off the
ack of the van, was
oken down and could not be fixed for less than the cost of
eplacing it.
You are providing a written report to your supervising partner. To impress him, you want to
show that you worked hard at university by demonstrating your knowledge of law and your
ability to use it. You need to provide a written report providing the following advices.
Question 2 (10 marks, about 800 words)
Advise how Ba
y might challenge the validity of the contract on the basis of the statements
made by Angelo before the contract was entered into. You should consider both common
law and statute law.
Question 3 (10 marks, about 800 words)
Assuming Ba
y does not get out of the contract, advise on the possibility of an action for
each of contract.
NOTE: These are questions where the focus is on your reasoning processes, so you should
use the IRAC method. You do not need to repeat the facts unnecessarily, so only refer to the
facts of the case to support your argument. Also, only refer to cases to illustrate or support the
legal points you are making or the argument you are putting. If you do refer to cases, you
need to demonstrate how they are relevant to the facts or argment. Your supervising partner
will not be impressed by you simply reciting law without purpose.
PART C (10 marks – YouTube video no more than about 6 minutes in length)
In this part, your task is to take the advices you gave to your supervising partner in Questions
2 and 3 and present them to your client, Ba
y, in a way that he can understand. You DO need
to explain to him what the law is and how it leads to your recommendations, but it must be
presented in a way that a client without legal training can understand. The report must be
done as a YouTube video and the link for the video must be included in your assignment. The
video must be set so that the marker can view it. If the link does not work for the marker,
you get no marks for this part.
Your face must appear in the video. You should not be reading from a script, but you can use
notes to prompt your talking.
All parts of the assignment will be marked in accordance with the university’s Grades
procedure (which can be accessed via the Unit Profile). The following marking ru
incorporates that procedure.
problem-solving skills, critical thinking and information literacy
HD 85%+ Demonstrates imagination, originality or flair, based on proficiency in all the
learning outcomes of the unit; work is interesting or surprisingly exciting,
challenging, well read or scholarly.
COMMENT: Here, the student will have done everything well, provided some
original insights, and formulated their answer in a tight, efficient, thoroughly
professional manner. Their explanations and arguments will have a strong
logical flow and be convincing. Their research, particularly in Part B, will
e thorough.
D 75-84% Demonstrates awareness and understanding of deeper and less obvious aspects
of the unit, such as ability to identify and debate critical issues or problems,
ability to solve non‐routine problems, ability to adapt and apply ideas to new
situations, and ability to invent and evaluate new ideas.
COMMENT: The student will demonstrate this by achieving all the outcomes
for a Credit, but also some of the imagination, originality or flair required for
a High Distinction. In Part A, the student will show some insight in comparing
the two legal systems. In Part B, the student will demonstrate strong
adherence to the IRAC method and some insight in the analysis of the
problems. In Part C, the student will demonstrate a high level of skill in
translating their legal advice into user-friendly terms for the client.
C 65-74% Demonstrates ability to use and apply fundamental concepts and skills of the
unit, going beyond mere replication of content knowledge or skill to show
understanding of key ideas, awareness of their relevance, some use of
analytical skills, and some originality or insight.
COMMENT: Learning involves not only knowing principles or concepts but
also the ability to apply them to a real-life situation. In Part A, the quality of
the comparison and contrast of the legal systems will show this. In Part B, the
ability to IRAC in a consistent and competent manner is required. In Part C, a
clear and concise oral advice will be necessary to achieve this grade.
P 50-64% Demonstrates the learning outcomes of the unit, such as knowledge of
fundamental concepts and performance of basic skills; demonstrates sufficient
quality of performance to be considered satisfactory or adequate or competent
or capable in relation to the learning outcomes of the unit.
COMMENT: Students who get a mark in this range usually demonstrate some
knowledge of principles and concepts, but do not explain or apply them
accurately. Answers often look like general descriptions provided with little
thought or insight. In Part C, the advice to the client would be unclear and/o
confusing in parts, but satisfactory.
F 40-49% Fails to demonstrate the learning outcomes of the unit.
COMMENT: Students in this range usually make some effort to perform the
assignment task but fail to achieve what is prescribed for a Pass.
Low F < 40% COMMENT: Students in this range usually fail to properly ca
y out the
instructions or fully perform the tasks specified in the assessment.

Exercise –
Answered Same Day Apr 23, 2020 LAWS20058 Central Queensland University


Pulkit answered on Apr 29 2020
139 Votes
Part A
Question 1(b)
The following paragraphs depict the requirements of Hart’s legal system and also the Indian legal system in the light of the Hart system:
Hart theory of legal system is a combination of both primary and secondary rules wherein the primary rules are rules with regard to the obligations to be ca
ied out and the secondary rules are the rules for the primary rules. Primary rules are the rights and duties whereas secondary rules contain the power. According to Hart the existence of a particular rule is decided by the rule of recognition of the same as valid and is not dependent on the legal system of a nation. The Indian legal system is fairly a combination of both primary and secondary rules. Primary rules in India consist of the customs as defined by the courts and other statutes. The Indian legal system is criticised on the ground that the Indian Constitutions contains the rules taken from outside and they don’t represent the Indian customs. It represents imposition and not acceptance by the people. But as per the submission made to this critic it was said that the Constituent Assembly was made up of representatives elected and chosen by the general public of India and thus consent of the people of the nation can be said.
Hart emphasised on the internal and external aspects of a rule. The external aspect is regular uniform behaviour containing social habits of the people whereas the internal aspects contain the rules regarding these social habits. The criteria of identifying law is quite complex but the same is resolved by passing the provisions in order to avoid the conflicts arisen. Though the Indian legal system states the Indian Constitution as the rule of recognition still there are other rules made by different religious board to be followed by the people. Article 372 of the Indian Constitution allows the personal laws also. There is a hierarchy of rules taking place with the Constitution at the top most. Thus these rules/provisions are the part of the Constitution and thus cannot be in conflict to Hart’s legal system of rule recognition. The rules are needed as per Hart for the purpose of the interest of the social groups of the country.
The Parliament of India consists of the representatives who are elected and chosen by the public and has the power to amend this constitution but it contains certain procedural limitations[footnoteRef:1] that need to be followed. [footnoteRef:2] Thus on the basis of the discussion it can be stated that the Indian legal system is very much in line with the requirements of Hart’s 3-part legal system. [1: Article 368] [2: Kesavananda Bharati v. Union of India]
Comparing the Australian Legal system and Indian legal system and the Hart system:
The Australian legal system was
ought by the legal system of Britain and is very much similar to the Indian Legal system. Just as in India in Australia also the laws are made by the Parliament by passing the Act, by the executives who make rules, regulation and ordinances under the power of Parliament and the courts have the responsibility to interpret the law by deciding about the cases on the basis of past judgements. Australian legal system also involves all the people of the country at large in the process of election of the government. Australian legal system is based on the rule of law which means everyone in whatever position is one have to obey the law, no one is above law. Thus each and every citizen of the country including organisation and also the Prime Minister have to be abide by the law. Thus since Indian legal system is to some extend in line with Hart’s legal system, the same is the Australian Legal system as the same is similar to the Indian system at large.
Part B
Question 2:
Issue: In the given case of Ba
y entered into a contract to purchase the store at $200000 after negotiating the same from Angelo on the terms of taking delivery van and loader on certain amount mentioned with the store. Ba
y purchased on seeing the advertisement put by Angelo on the notice board of the shopping village stating the highly profitable venture with turnover of $20000 per month and also no competition at a price of...

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