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You are tasked with creating a text-based program for simulating a supermarket self-service checkout using the Python 3 programming language.

The assignment is broken up into four main components:

1.) Design and model two classes: Product and CheckoutRegister,

2.) Create an activity chart which describes the behaviour of the checkout system,

3.) Create a computer program that allows a user to interactively check out a number of products, then provides an

opportunity to enter some virtual money to pay for the products and finally and prints out a receipt for the user (to the screen, not on paper), and finally

4.) Explain and integrate some code into your checkout program that places the products purchased into virtual shopping bags.


Your submission should consist of one Microsoft Word or LibreOffice document containing the first two parts of the assignment, and three Python scripts that implement the computer program (checkoutregister.py, product.py and main.py).

The main.py script runs the main logic of the program and will use instances of the CheckoutRegister and Product classes to simulate checking out of the supermarket.

You are provided with a Microsoft Word template to help you complete the first two parts of this assignment.

Towards the end of this document you will also be provided with the output of a simulated run of the completed computer program which may help you with this assignment.


Think of a product that you can buy from a supermarket, like maybe a can of soup or an apple.

Start by listing all the properties of that object that you can think of – try to come up with at least ten general properties of a Product and write these down in your Assignment_Part_1_ Microsoft Word document.

Next, use the process of abstraction to cut the number of properties back to only four ‘key’ properties – write these down in the next section of your Word document. Take a look at the week 2 lecture slides if you need a reminder on how to go about this.

Now, fill in the class diagram for your Product class in the Word document template provided. Your product class does not have to have any methods (i.e. functions) associated with it to perform any actions other than a constructor which takes and set the four key properties that you’ve identified.

Next we’ll move on to CheckoutRegister class – think about what information the checkout has to keep track of to allow you to successfully check out of the supermarket. There will only really be three key properties that the CheckoutRegister cares about, and the CheckoutRegister class should have the following four methods available:

1) A default constructor that takes no arguments and initialises a new object and its properties,

2) accept_payment(some_amount),

3) scan_item(some_product), and

4) print_receipt().


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Fill in the class diagram for the CheckoutRegister class in the Word template, and that’s the first part completed!



Using either the online website https://draw.io (preferred), or the applications Visio or Powerpoint – create an activity diagram of how the program should operate to successfully scan one or more products, accept payment, provide change and print a receipt for the user.

Make sure to use the correct symbols in your diagram for starting, processes, decisions/branches, and ending the process.

Although you should be familiar with how a self-checkout works, if not then you can always go to a local supermarket with a self-checkout and buy a packet of chewing gum or something – or take a look at a YouTube video of self-service checkout, such as this one: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoyqVvHaL4s.

Don’t worry about loyalty/rewards cards to taking payment through debit or credit cards, our CheckoutRegister will only accept cash – although you can enter multiple denominations via multiple calls to the accept_money(some_amount) method. For example, calling accept_money(5.0) and then accept_money(2.0) will mean that the CheckoutRegister knows that you have entered a total of $7.00. Also note that you can start the entire checkout process off by simply scanning a product.

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Once you have completed your activity flowchart, add it to your assignment template document



You are free to implement the software however you see fit, however the functionality of the software should be able to match the following output. Note that in the below run of the program I have ‘hard-coded’ a small number of Product instances so that products exist which can they can be checked out – in your code you should do the same.

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Your program does not have to have the facility to add new products – just define a few and use them as demonstrated below. If the final option of (N)ext customer is chosen, the program should run again


Answered Same Day Apr 29, 2020 ITECH1400

Solution

Abr Writing answered on May 01 2020
135 Votes
checkoutregister.py
from product import Product
class CheckOutRegister:
    # Function to: A default constructor that takes no arguments and initializes a new object and its properties,
    def __init__(self):
        # cart contains the products tat are scanned by the custome
        self.cart = list()
        # payment_remaining gives the instantaneous money that customer owe to the market
        self.payment_remaining = 0
        # total_payment_remaining is the total money for buying all the products in cart
        self.total_payment_remaining = 0
        # products contains all the products' details that are available in market
        self.products = Product()
        # amount_received is the amount received from customer at any moment
        self.amount_received = 0
    
    # Function to: Accept Payment
    def accept_payment(self, some_amount):
        # editing the arguments of the check out register and checking if the money is positive or not
        if some_amount >= 0:
            self.payment_remaining = self.payment_remaining - some_amount
            self.amount_received += some_amount
        else:
            print("We don't accept negative money!")
    
    # Function to: Scan one or more products
    def scan_item(self, some_product):
        # Adding the customer's product to their cart
        try:
            index = self.products.barcode.index(int(some_product))
            self.cart.append(index)
            self.total_payment_remaining += self.products.price[index]
            self.payment_remaining += self.products.price[index]
            print(self.products.name[index], ' - ', self.products.price[index])
        except:
            # If the product (Barcode) is not in the inventory
            print('This product does not exist in our inventory.')
    
    # Function to: Provide change and print a receipt for the use
    def print_receipt(self):
        print('----- Final Receipt -----')
        
        for item in self.cart:
            print(self.products.name[item], self.products.price[item])
        
        print('Total amount due: $' + str(self.total_payment_remaining))
        print('Amount received: $' + str(self.amount_received))
        print('Change given: $' + str(self.amount_received - self.total_payment_remaining))
        
        print('Thank you for shopping at FedUni!')
main.py
from...
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