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Write an essay on your choice of the following topics: Acute bronchitis Emphysema The essay should contain at least two scholarly sources in addition to the textbook. It should cover the following...

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Write an essay on your choice of the following topics:

  • Acute bronchitis
  • Emphysema

The essay should contain at least two scholarly sources in addition to the textbook. It should cover the following points:

  • Explain the pathophysiology of the disease
  • Discuss common clinical manifestations
  • List differential diagnoses
  • Determine which lab tests would confirm the diagnosis and expected results
  • Analyze a current protocol for treatment and discuss how the treatment works from the pathophysiological perspective
Answered Same Day Jun 15, 2020


Soumi answered on Jun 17 2020
113 Votes
Running Head: ACUTE BRONCHITIS        1
Table of Contents
Introduction    3
Pathophysiology of acute
onchitis    3
Common clinical manifestations of acute
onchitis    4
Differential diagnostic techniques of acute
onchitis    4
Laboratory tests to confirm the acute
onchitis and the outcomes    5
Present protocol for the treatment of acute
onchitis and the mechanism of pathophysiological perspectives    6
Conclusion    6
References    7
The disease acute
onchitis is an infection that affects lower respiratory tract that is
onchi and it is generally known as common cold infection that inte
eathing and makes discomfort in lungs. In this essay the pathophysiology, few common clinical manifestations, cu
ent treatment, different diagnostic techniques and the laboratory tests to confirm the disease have been discussed.
Pathophysiology of acute
The virus or bacteria directly inoculated in the epithelium of respiratory tract and then cell-to-cell transfer occurs along the intracytoplasmic channels. Then the agent damages the function of the cells of the lungs and makes it lesser immune. Host cell can recognize the virus via the toll-like receptor and then Interferon— IFN-γ, Interleukins— IL-4, IL-8-like cytokines starts to secrete. As per the views of Jagasia et al. (2015), the respiratory tract makes a defense system of body against the airway infection by the ciliated wall, mucous secretion and the fluid secretion in the upper respiratory tract.
This acute infection clears the airway by coughing and the
onchi wall become healed within several days. The influenza virus is the most effective organism for this infection. Besides, bacteria such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae are another significant agent of acute
onchitis. This infection causes the inflammation of mucous mem
ane of
onchial path and cause mucous secretion. Patient continues coughing until the full recovery of the
onchial wall is occu
ing and the pulmonary function is quite egregious, which symptoms like asthma. However, these pulmonary symptoms get normal in few days.
Common clinical manifestations of acute
The first symptoms of this acute
onchitis occurs in the upper respiratory tract that includes nasal congestion and liquid discharge, low fever, i
itability, decrease appetite and decrease energy. This infection generally does not last more than ten days. According to Brink et al. (2016), in case of children, there is the extension of infection in lower respiratory tract. Tachypnea, that symptom like asthma, increases the respiratory effort along the continuous coughing.
Infection in the lower respiratory tract makes the infection serious, which may sometimes be life threatening. In case of infants, who have history of the prematurity, the main sign can be apnea and they may have the protracted lasting of the...

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