Weighting:50% of the total grade for this course (about 2500 words)
Word limit:2500 words (+/-10%)
Due date:end of Week 8
Assessment 2 addresses the following course objectives:
|Explain key concepts underpinning public health practice and research
|Describe the public health areas of practice using examples
|Apply foundation knowledge of health-related data sources and epidemiological methods to describe the occurrence of health outcomes
|Explain how research evidence informs public health practice
|Describe how the public health cycle leads to improved population health
We recommend that you keep the work you do for these assessment tasks after the course finishes. You might be able to use it as evidence for a prospective employer, to demonstrate that you understand and can apply the principles underlying public health.
The aim of this assessment is for you to demonstrate your knowledge of the Public Health Cycle in relation to a public health issue, focusing on the factors that contribute to the occurrence of that issue, and the social determinants associated with the issue.
You will also demonstrate your ability to communicate information effectively to a chosen population, along with providing solutions or strategies to prevent the issue.
Consider the following scenario:
You work for theWave BayPublic Health Department (Wave Bay is a fictionalised town in Australia, for which we have set up a community website).
The Wave Bay hospital has seen an increase in hospitalisations for chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and depression over the last 5 years.
Your boss gives you the important task of proposing a public health intervention to address the issue. You do some research on these chronic diseases and reach the conclusion that they are all somehow related to lifestyle factors. So you decide to look for relevant information on these risk factors available for your community.
In your research, you find the results from a community health survey that was conducted in Wave Bay in 2012 and 2017 (you will find the information about the survey, and the results, on theWave Baycommunitywebsite).
Please Note:You do not need to reference information from the Wave Bay website. The website information is fabricated and has been provided as part of the assessment. It is also important that fabricated information is not referenced. This is because providing a reference may inadvertently give credibility to made up information.
You must produce a report which outlines a public health intervention to address the health issues in Wave Bay. In order to make an evidence-based decision on what to do, you should follow the stages of thePublic Health Cycle, as outlined inWeek 4of the course.
The final report should besuccinct, clearly and logically structured, and contain no grammatical or other errors of expression.
Your report should include the following specific sections:
Part 1: What lifestyle factor are you targeting?
In order to answer this, undertake a brief descriptive epidemiology of the lifestyle factor you want to target, using data and information available on theWave Baycommunity website.
In this part of your report, you should:
- Present relevantepidemiological datafor the risk factor for Wave Bay, using ameasurecovered inWeek 6.
- Compare your estimates for Wave Bay with equivalent national Australian statistics (seeWeek 5content for data sources). Is it higher or lower?
- Descriptive epidemiology:Discuss the issue in termsof person and time factors, as discussed inWeek 6. Based on this analysis, do you think there has been change in the risk factor over the last decade? Do you think a particular part of the population is more at risk?
- Using the information above, summarise why you think this risk factor should be the target of your public health strategy.
Part 2: What are the determinants of the risk factor?
Provide two examples of determinants of the risk factor you have identified. For each determinant specify:
- Whether the determinant isupstream, mid-stream or downstream
- How or why you think itcontributesto the risk factor
Part 3: What public health intervention are you aware of that could help tackle the determinant you selected?
Focus on just one of the two determinants you have identified in Part 2, and describe an intervention which could address this determinant.
Think about interventions you are familiar with, either from your own experience, or through media. For instance you might see an advertisement and look carefully in your local community.
In your description of your intervention, make sure to discuss:
- Thenatureof the intervention (include any links or documents that describe it)
- How or why you think itaddresses the determinantyou have selected
- The type ofaction areait fits into, as described in the Ottawa Charter (seeWeek 8) and the strategy it aligns with.
- Thearea of practicemost relevant for this strategy (seeWeek 3)
Part 4: Is your public health intervention appropriate for the Wave Bay community?
To answer this question, briefly discuss how the intervention complies (or not) with each of the six ethical principles you covered inWeek 3of the course:
- Health maximisation
- Respect for autonomy
- Social justice
Part 5: How will you know if your intervention worked?
In this final section of your report you need to describe how you will evaluate whether your intervention was successful.
When you're completing your report, remember to refer to the grading criteria to make sure that you have met the assessment requirements. The grading criteria will show you how your assessment will be marked. It might help to download it and keep it handy as you complete the assignment.
Assessment 2:Wave Bay Report grading criteria
Referencing and Academic Integrity
Use the UniSA Harvard referencing to acknowledgeallmaterial which is not your own. You must providing both in-text references and a reference list.
Your referencing must include academic references, quality primary sources (such as government websites), images which are not your own, and online articles. If you cite a source from a resource or video, you must reference the original source.
SeeUniSA's Referencing informationfor UniSA Harvard Referencing Guide, Referencing Roadmap, Referencing forum and more.Refer to theAcademic Integrity modulefor more information about how to comply with academic integrity.