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Those are the questions that need to be answered the assignment is attached In file XXXXXXXXXX1. Prepare an interpretation of the analysis. 2. Is this analysis sufficient or will you need...

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Ortho Inc. is a medical device manufacturer based in San Diego, California. The company produces and sells custom-made knee
eplacement implants:
« ltisaprivately held company and files U.S GAAP based financial statements with its bank as part of its debt covenants.
«The board of directors is very involved and continues to emphasize the importance of well-designed and effective internal
« Orthois a decentralized organization, with 5 manufacturing and sales sites across the United States employing a total of 28
product managers and 29 sales managers. Each site operates independently and is responsible for procurement of raw
materials, production, and sales of finished products in its own geographic region. Sales managers maintain their own custome
elationships, while product managers monitor inventory levels and order raw materials as needed.
« Silicone and plaster are used to create the molds for all the company’s knee replacements. The materials poured into molds vary
y product-some are metal, some are plastic, and some are ceramic.
The company has invested significantly in the development and maintenance of its information system to collect and report complete
and accurate data. Company management uses the data captured in the information system to creat reports and support decision-
making. The data dictionary includes the most relevant data used by management, accountants, auditors, and other professionals.
MaterialCategory Constant stating raw material
Material “ Material item identifie
Material Description OJ Description of material
Notes: The Material Master table contains information about different raw materials purchased by Ortho.
NPT Primary Key Definition
ProductCategory a Constant stating knee implant
Product “ Product item identifie
ProductDescription Oo Description of product

Notes: The Product Master table contains information about different products sold by Ortho.
JEL TS Primary Key Definition
TransType v Indicates the type of transaction (O for orders and § fo
TransNumber “ Identifier for orders and sales
SiteCode o ‘Transaction site (one of five locations)
Manager O Employee associated with the transaction
EntitylD O Supplie
Customer associated with the transaction
Quantity oO ‘Transaction quantity
Unit oO Unit of transaction (Ib or kg for orders, ea for sales)
UnitPrice oO Price per unit
TransDate O Sales/purchase order date
CompleteDate oO Shipping
eceiving date (sales/orders)
Item 0 ‘The material purchased or product sold
CreatedBy O ‘The source of the data (e.g., daily batch)
Subtotal O ‘Transaction total before tax (UnitPrice * Quantity)
Tax 0 ‘Tax amount

Notes: The Transactions table contains a combination of purchase order, sales order, and sales return transactions

PTT retry PET
SiteCode = Identified for company sites (five state a
siteName 0 Name of site (states)

Notes: The Sites table contains the name of each site, which is the name of the state where the site is located.
PTS Primary Key Description
EmployeelD 2 Employee identifie
FirstName 0 Employee first name
LastName 0 Employee last name
SiteCode a Company site identified (state)
Position 0 Employee position
OrderApproval 0 Employee order approval authority

Notes: The Employee Master table contains information about employees associated with the sales order and pur-
chase order transactions, c.g, sales and product managers.
Name Primary Key Description
EntitylD “2 Entity (supplie
Ortho, Inc.) identifie
SiteCode 0 Indicates which Ortho site the entity is associated with
EntityName 0 Entity company name
ContactFirstName 0 Entity contact first name
ContactLastName 0 Entity contact last name
Phone 0 Entity phone
Email 0 Entity email
StreetAddress| 0 Entity street address
City 0 Entity city
State oO Entity state
Zip 0 Entity zip code
Entity Type 0 Entity type (“S” for customer and “O for supplier)

The entity-relationship diagram (ERD) shows the relationships among the tables in the information system.
‘Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)
{ Transype
§ Materlal Quantity Firsthame.
id LastName
WaterialCategory unierice iy
Materialpescription Transbate Position
——— J | compete ni
ProductCategory [C0

(Notes: The ERD indicates which tables Joi and which columns 0 use the ons)
The comparative income statement shows income for 2024 and 2025.
Ortho Inc. Comparative Income Statement
Comparative Income Statement

(audited) (unaudited)
Net Sales $913 $854
Research and development 57 59
Selling, general and administrative XXXXXXXXXX
Recall charges, net of insurance proceeds 5 5
Intangible asset amortization 3 2
Total operating expenses XXXXXXXXXX
Operating Income 78 50
Other income (expenses), Net 1 2
Earnings before income taxes 79 52
Income taxes 1 8
Net earnings $68 $44
Tax Accounting: Interpret Descriptive and Diagnostic Analytics
Ortho's management would like to identify potential opportunities for cost savings. One aspect of purchasing costs that management
has not yet considered is sales tax paid on purchases. Management has requested an analysis of sales tax paid by site. As a staff tax
accountant for Ortho, you have prepared the following trend analysis of sales tax paid by location.
Ortho, Inc. - Sales Tax Analysis
Thousands $200,000.00

Califomia Florida llinois NewYork Texas
urchases Sales TaxPaid

Tax Rate
Prepare an interpretation of the analysis.
B 7 YY TT IL 9 = BB 4 1 TT «

eTextbook and Media
Is this analysis sufficient or will you need additional analyses?
” Bla 1 | «
eTextbook and Media

Use the Ortho, Inc. dataset to create additional analyses of results by year. Document in the space provide the method you used to
create your analysis, justification regarding why it is valid and reliable, and your interpretation of the results of your analysis.
9 = # | i 1 MT «
eTextbook and Media
Answered 1 days After Nov 20, 2023


Prince answered on Nov 21 2023
14 Votes
1. The analysis shows the total purchases, sales tax paid, and sales tax rate for each of Ortho Inc.'s 5 manufacturing and sales sites across the United States. A few key observations can be made:
· California has the highest sales tax rate at 8.68% and also paid the most in total sales tax at $28.2 million. This is likely driven by having both high tax rates and high total purchases.
· Florida has the lowest sales tax rate at 7.5% but has the second highest total purchases. Despite the low rate, Florida still paid $26.3 million in sales tax due to the high purchase volume.
· Illinois has the second highest tax rate at 8.8% and paid the third most in sales tax. The high rate led to significant sales tax expenses despite having lower total purchases than Florida.
· New York and Texas have similar total purchases at around $368-375 million. However, New York's higher 8.52% tax rate led to $1.6 million more in sales tax paid than Texas which has an 8.19% rate.
Overall, the analysis shows that both tax rates and total purchase volumes drive overall sales tax expenses. States like California and Illinois with high tax rates pay more sales tax, while states like Florida with high...

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