Ortho Inc. is a medical device manufacturer based in San Diego, California. The company produces and sells custom-made knee
« ltisaprivately held company and files U.S GAAP based financial statements with its bank as part of its debt covenants.
«The board of directors is very involved and continues to emphasize the importance of well-designed and effective internal
« Orthois a decentralized organization, with 5 manufacturing and sales sites across the United States employing a total of 28
product managers and 29 sales managers. Each site operates independently and is responsible for procurement of raw
materials, production, and sales of finished products in its own geographic region. Sales managers maintain their own custome
elationships, while product managers monitor inventory levels and order raw materials as needed.
« Silicone and plaster are used to create the molds for all the company’s knee replacements. The materials poured into molds vary
y product-some are metal, some are plastic, and some are ceramic.
The company has invested significantly in the development and maintenance of its information system to collect and report complete
and accurate data. Company management uses the data captured in the information system to creat reports and support decision-
making. The data dictionary includes the most relevant data used by management, accountants, auditors, and other professionals.
MATERIAL MASTER TABLE
MaterialCategory Constant stating raw material
Material “ Material item identifie
Material Description OJ Description of material
Notes: The Material Master table contains information about different raw materials purchased by Ortho.
PRODUCT MASTER TABLE
NPT Primary Key Definition
ProductCategory a Constant stating knee implant
Product “ Product item identifie
ProductDescription Oo Description of product
Notes: The Product Master table contains information about different products sold by Ortho.
JEL TS Primary Key Definition
TransType v Indicates the type of transaction (O for orders and § fo
TransNumber “ Identifier for orders and sales
SiteCode o ‘Transaction site (one of five locations)
Manager O Employee associated with the transaction
EntitylD O Supplie
Customer associated with the transaction
Quantity oO ‘Transaction quantity
Unit oO Unit of transaction (Ib or kg for orders, ea for sales)
UnitPrice oO Price per unit
TransDate O Sales/purchase order date
CompleteDate oO Shipping
eceiving date (sales/orders)
Item 0 ‘The material purchased or product sold
CreatedBy O ‘The source of the data (e.g., daily batch)
Subtotal O ‘Transaction total before tax (UnitPrice * Quantity)
Tax 0 ‘Tax amount
Notes: The Transactions table contains a combination of purchase order, sales order, and sales return transactions
PTT retry PET
SiteCode = Identified for company sites (five state a
siteName 0 Name of site (states)
Notes: The Sites table contains the name of each site, which is the name of the state where the site is located.
EMPLOYEE MASTER TABLE
PTS Primary Key Description
EmployeelD 2 Employee identifie
FirstName 0 Employee first name
LastName 0 Employee last name
SiteCode a Company site identified (state)
Position 0 Employee position
OrderApproval 0 Employee order approval authority
Notes: The Employee Master table contains information about employees associated with the sales order and pur-
chase order transactions, c.g, sales and product managers.
ENTITY MASTER TABLE
Name Primary Key Description
EntitylD “2 Entity (supplie
Ortho, Inc.) identifie
SiteCode 0 Indicates which Ortho site the entity is associated with
EntityName 0 Entity company name
ContactFirstName 0 Entity contact first name
ContactLastName 0 Entity contact last name
Phone 0 Entity phone
Email 0 Entity email
StreetAddress| 0 Entity street address
City 0 Entity city
State oO Entity state
Zip 0 Entity zip code
Entity Type 0 Entity type (“S” for customer and “O for supplier)
The entity-relationship diagram (ERD) shows the relationships among the tables in the information system.
‘Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)
§ Materlal Quantity Firsthame.
WaterialCategory unierice iy
Materialpescription Transbate Position
——— J | compete ni
(Notes: The ERD indicates which tables Joi and which columns 0 use the ons)
The comparative income statement shows income for 2024 and 2025.
Ortho Inc. Comparative Income Statement
Comparative Income Statement
Net Sales $913 $854
Costof Sales XXXXXXXXXX
Gross Profit XXXXXXXXXX
Research and development 57 59
Selling, general and administrative XXXXXXXXXX
Recall charges, net of insurance proceeds 5 5
Intangible asset amortization 3 2
Total operating expenses XXXXXXXXXX
Operating Income 78 50
Other income (expenses), Net 1 2
Earnings before income taxes 79 52
Income taxes 1 8
Net earnings $68 $44
Tax Accounting: Interpret Descriptive and Diagnostic Analytics
Ortho's management would like to identify potential opportunities for cost savings. One aspect of purchasing costs that management
has not yet considered is sales tax paid on purchases. Management has requested an analysis of sales tax paid by site. As a staff tax
accountant for Ortho, you have prepared the following trend analysis of sales tax paid by location.
Ortho, Inc. - Sales Tax Analysis
Califomia Florida llinois NewYork Texas
urchases Sales TaxPaid
Prepare an interpretation of the analysis.
B 7 YY TT IL 9 = BB 4 1 TT «
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Is this analysis sufficient or will you need additional analyses?
” Bla 1 | «
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Use the Ortho, Inc. dataset to create additional analyses of results by year. Document in the space provide the method you used to
create your analysis, justification regarding why it is valid and reliable, and your interpretation of the results of your analysis.
9 = # | i 1 MT «
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