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IFN600-Assignment1-Instructions_v4 IFN600 UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH | ASSIGNMENT 1: LITERATURE ANALYSIS | 2018 1 IFN600 Understanding Research Assignment 1: Literature Analysis ASSIGNMENT TYPE: Analysis...

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IFN600 Understanding Research
Assignment 1: Literature Analysis
ASSIGNMENT TYPE: Analysis of published research
TO BE COMPLETED: Individually
DUE DATE: Friday 24 August, 23:59 AEST (11:59pm)
DELIVERABLE: Written document (PDF prefe
SUBMISSION METHOD: Blackboard upload
A critical part of developing a research project proposal is to review existing knowledge relevant
to the problem to be solved. To help you identify a worthwhile research problem, in this
assignment you will review previously-published research that describes what is already known
about your chosen topic. By doing so you will provide a context for your research problem and
provide evidence that the topic is worthy of investigation.
To do this you must evaluate several previous research publications in the specific area of your
chosen research problem. From within these prior publications you will identify particular
contributions that are directly relevant to your topic, thus showing how this prior work supports
your argument for the novelty, value and feasibility of your own research idea.
How to recognise relevant literature
To complete this assignment you must find high-quality literature directly relevant to your
chosen research problem. See the Week 2 teaching materials on Blackboard for ways of finding
elevant literature and for the characteristics of trustworthy publications.
Previously-published research may be useful to your argument for the value of your own
esearch idea in any of the following ways:
• It may address a research problem very similar to yours, thus providing evidence for the
significance of your own problem. (It may even directly state the need to conduct future
esearch on your chosen topic.)
• It may have used a research methodology, tools or a technique that you could re-use in
your own research, thereby providing supporting evidence for the ability to solve your
esearch problem.
• It may have produced results or data that you can directly use in your own research.
• It may define benchmarks, precedents or standards relevant to your research problem,
thus helping you express the necessary criteria for successfully solving it.
How much to write
You should write enough to make your argument clear, no more, no less. You will be assessed
on the quality of your writing, not its quantity. In particular, the technical aspects of your idea
must be easily comprehensible by a layperson. It should not be necessary for the reader to be
an expert in the particular technical field or domain to understand and appreciate your
arguments. Specialised terminology and a
eviations should be explained clearly or, better
yet, avoided altogether.
Similarly, you should cite only as many publications as needed to make your argument
convincing. Each publication you cite must clearly provide support for conducting research on
your chosen topic, either in terms of the novelty, value and/or feasibility of the research.
There is no fixed word limit for the document or a required number of references. Nonetheless,
as a rough guide, we expect you will need about 1,500 to 2,000 words to explain your argument
clearly and around 5 to 7 references to demonstrate that you have searched the literature
thoroughly. (The markers will not count how many words you have written!)
Specific requirements
Analysing the literature is an important step in determining whether or not there is a need to
conduct research on a particular topic. It is also the process for positioning your proposed
esearch within existing knowledge and theory.
Your task is to identify a problem you would like to use as the basis for the research proposal
you will develop this semester and to write an analysis of the published literature related to
that problem.
The primary requirement for this assignment is to argue the case for undertaking research on
your chosen problem. To do so you must convince the reader that the research problem you
have identified is:
• Novel — To qualify as research the problem must be one that has not been solved
• Important — The problem must be one whose solution will be of significant value.
• Solvable — The problem must be one which has a reasonable prospect of being solved
with contemporary tools and techniques.
In order to convince the reader of these points your argumentation must be:
• Clear — Your writing must be easily understandable by a lay reader, avoiding uncommon
terminology and a
• Concise — You must express your ideas efficiently, so that key points are not obscured
y i
elevant material.
• Coherent — Your arguments and the conclusions you draw must be structured logically.
• Convincing — The overall “story” you tell must be compelling and believable.
Your submission document needs to include the following major sections and include the
elements listed. You may choose to add subsections, but keep in mind the need to keep your
writing concise and the overall document as short as possible. Marks will be awarded for
quality, not quantity.
1. Problem Statement
• State clearly the
oad problem you wish to solve. Define or identify the general topic,
issue, or area of concern. (NB: You may change the research problem you described in
the weekly preparatory tasks. It is likely that your analysis of the literature will cause
you to rethink your chosen research problem.)
• Give the background of the problem area, addressing the following points as
o overall trends in what is known or has been published about the topic;
o conflicts in previous theory, methodology, evidence and conclusions;
o gaps in research and scholarship; and
o a single problem to be solved or a new perspective of immediate interest.
2. Approach
• Explain the strategy you used for finding, analysing and comparing literature.
• Explain how your analysis of the literature is organised (e.g., by theme, chronologically,
according to results achieved, according to the approach used, etc).
• State what is in and out of scope for your literature analysis:
o types of literature sources;
o topics.
3. Literature Analysis
• Engage with different types of literature as necessary to support your argument (e.g.,
esearch studies, reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.).
• Unpack themes, highlight major concerns, influential studies, etc., in relation to your
• Synthesise your findings into a coherent summary of research related to your chosen
problem. In particular, you should not present unrelated, disjointed summaries of the
publications found.
• Focus on areas of agreements, disagreements, tensions and contentious issues related
to your topic.
• Evaluate the cu
ent “state of the art” for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out
any gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues
pertinent to future study.
• Use citations to the literature throughout to support your claims. Where appropriate,
include direct quotations from the literature and/or paraphrase previous author’s
• Use strong “um
ella” or topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, and
“so what” summary sentences at intermediate points in the review, so the reader can
easily identify the theme or aspect of the theme being described and understand
comparisons and analyses.
4. Conclusions
• Summarise major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of
knowledge under review, maintaining the focus on the research problem established in
your problem statement.
• Conclude by summing up and identifying the significance of your chosen research
problem in relation to the literature.
• Develop a
ief recommendation for future studies into the problem in the context of
the outcomes of your literature analysis.
5. References
• Provide a list of all references cited in the previous sections using the APA referencing
• All the references you cite must be of high quality, typically as evidenced by peer review.
6. Reflective Statement
• Drawing on the weekly reflections you have written up to this point, write a short (2-3
paragraphs) on your engagement with the research process thus far.
• Ensure that your statement includes your thoughts on how you engaged with: (a) the
weekly tasks, (b) reflecting on the process of research, and (c) discussing your work within
your tutorial group.
• Write from your personal point of view (in the first person) highlighting key processes
which you found personally interesting and/or challenging.
• Reflect on how you engaged with these processes, the decisions that you made at the
time, and how you overcame any obstacles. Conclude your reflective statement with
thoughts on how you might approach similar tasks in the future, identifying what you
would keep the same, what you would change, and your reasoning behind these
Adapted from:
1. Review of literature XXXXXXXXXXUW-Madison Writing Centre
2. Writing a literature review assignment XXXXXXXXXXRMIT-Study and Learning Centre

IFN600, Understanding Research
Assessment Criteria for Assignment 1 (30% weighting)

Student Name: ________________________________ Student Number: ________________________________

7 - High
6 - Distinction 5 - Credit 4 - Pass 3 - Marginal Fail 2 - Fail 1 - Low Fail

Problem statement – The ability to:
• Define or identify the general topic, issue or area of concern

• Problem statement
clearly expresses the
purpose, objective and
scope of the research.
• Research problem is
clearly defined and
key issues/trends are
• Excellent
identification of
• Well focused with
the appropriate
eading audience in

• Problem statement
outlines purpose,
objective and scope of
the research.
• Discussion is well
focused on the
problem and majority
Answered Same Day Aug 23, 2020 IFN 600


Sanchita answered on Aug 24 2020
126 Votes
Assignment        2
Impact of E-commerce on retail business Industry
Topic Page no.
1. Problem Statement ……………………………………………………….. 3
2. Approach ………………………………………………………………….. 4
3. Literature Analysis ……………………………………………………….. 5
4. Conclusions ……………………………………………………………….. 9
5. References ………………………………………………………………... 10
Problem Statement
Over the course of time, the way we purchase and sell commodities and services have come a long way. There was once a time, when barter system prevailed. The barter system was quintessentially the exchange of commodities between two individuals who themselves acted as traders. There was no distinction between buyer and seller. With the advent of money as a medium of exchange, the system was lot more organized. The interception of money proved to be extremely advantageous for the burgeoning trading community and gradually businesses flourished. This was the rudimentary form of the retail industry that we know of today. Retail industry can simply be understood as a process of selling finished goods to consumers through multiple channels in order to earn profit (Brynjolfsson & Smith, 2000) .Ever since our childhood, we have seen mom and pop stores and big departmental stores like Woolworths and Coles that provide us all the needs and requirements of our lives. The retail industry is a
oad um
ella term and encompasses anything from a chocolate to diapers to dish wash. Almost any product that has its utility in normal household routine of an individual is roughly what is provided by retail industry.
However, in the recent years, there has been paramount shift of the ways we know how retail industry operates. It has undergone revolutionary changes and is no longer simply infe
ed as an act of going to a store, selecting items of our choice, putting it in our cart and then proceeding for payment. With the advent of internet and technology, the physical aspect of retail transaction has practically diminished and is offering newer and convenient way of shopping at the tip of their fingers (Brynjolfsson & Smith, 2000). Rapid advancement of internet and technology has given birth to e-commerce that refers to the process of selling and buying at a virtual market place that is facilitated by an internet-based platform.
Consumers are no longer bound by time, place or other physical constraints of their life, ecommerce has
ought everything closer to us and it has significantly reduced the time we spend shopping physically. Furthermore, e-commerce has made the retail industry even more pervasive and expansive. Earlier retail industry was constrained by the physical boundaries of the stores and the upkeep and maintenance of stores often proved to be very tiring and expensive. However, in comparison to physical stores, the virtual shopping places are much easier to maintain and keep a proper tab on. They can be better regulated and monitored as it is relatively easy to monitor discrepancies in technology rather than in human resources (Gefen, 2000). However, ecommerce has several negative implications as well. With the rise of ecommerce, the traditional retail markets have been struggling, they are increasingly finding it harder to compete with online stores that often offer better product and service portfolio at jaw dropping prices that is out of the ambit of traditional retail stores to offer due to diseconomies of scale (Gefen, 2000).
This research paper is aimed to better understand the implication of e-commerce on the retail industry. E-commerce is like double edged sword, it has both pros and cons, due to growing significance of e-commerce in our everyday life, it is imperative to understand how influential it is in shaping our retail industry and the advantages/disadvantages that it offers.
2. Approach
In order to find the right literature source for the research paper, the following steps were followed:
· Identification of the key words that are relevant to the topic
· The key words were searched in the Google scholar as well as QUT database, and then the relevant and proper literature sources were selected
Additional endeavor were made to maintain the relevance and feasibility of the scholarly papers chosen. It was the primary criteria for...

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