Ayan answered on
Sep 23 2023
WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 2
Table of contents
Prevalence Worldwide and in Australia 3
Causes and Risk Factors 3
Management of T2DM 4
Case Study Overview 4
Communication Skill: Empathy 4
Definition of Empathy 4
Importance of Empathy to Healthcare Professionals 5
What Empathy Requires from Healthcare Practitioners 5
Application of Empathy to the Case 6
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common, challenging, and severely debilitating chronic health disease. Elevated blood glucose levels
ought on by insulin resistance and insufficient insulin synthesis are its defining characteristics. T2DM is a serious public health issue in Australia that affects millions of people and presents significant healthcare concerns. The purpose of this introduction is to set the stage for a discussion of the case study concerning Helen, a 45-year-old woman who was just diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, by providing an overview of the prevalence, causes, risk factors, and management of T2DM on a worldwide and Australian scale.
Prevalence Worldwide and in Australia
Over 460 million individuals will be affected by T2DM globally in 2021, and forecasts show that this number will continue to climb (Galicia-Garcia et al., 2020). T2DM is a common problem in Australia, where 1.2 million people have been diagnosed with it and a further 2 million are at risk because they have prediabetes. These numbers are projected to increase, putting a significant strain on the healthcare system and people's personal life.
Causes and Risk Factors
T2DM formation involves several factors. It develops when the pancreas fails to generate enough insulin to overcome the body's resistance to the hormone insulin, which is in charge of controlling blood glucose levels. Obesity, leading a sedentary lifestyle, heredity, and age are significant risk factors. Notably, T2DM affects Indigenous Australians more severely than the general population, with greater prevalence rates, earlier onset, and more severe consequences. This health inequality highlights the necessity for patient-centered, culturally sensitive treatment.
Management of T2DM
A multimodal strategy is required for the effective management of T2DM, including dietary changes, medication, and education (Oguntibeju, 2019). Maintaining a good diet, getting regular exercise, controlling stress, and reaching and maintaining a healthy weight are all examples of lifestyle modifications. When lifestyle changes alone are insufficient, a doctor will prescribe medication, such as oral hypoglycemic medications or insulin. Education on diabetes is a crucial component because it equips people with the knowledge and abilities they need to properly manage their illness on their own.
Case Study Overview
Now, concentrating on the case study, we meet Helen, a 45-year-old single mother who works full-time as a li
ary technician and was recently identified as having T2DM. The difficulties experienced by many people in Australia who have T2DM are reflected in Helen's circumstances. She is balancing a stressful work, parenting two kids on her own, and finding it difficult to follow suggested...