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# Problem – 1 ABC Company had a beginning work-in-process inventory of 30,000 units On June 1. These units contained \$120,000 of direct materials and \$272,000 of conversion cost. The following data...

Problem – 1
ABC Company had a beginning work-in-process inventory of 30,000 units On June 1. These units contained \$120,000 of direct materials and \$272,000 of conversion cost. The following data relate to activity during June:
Production completed (units)
70,000
Ending work-in-process, 60% complete (units)
20,000
Direct materials used
\$258,000
Conversion cost
\$695,600
ABC uses a weighted-average process-costing system. All materials are added at the start of manufacturing; in contrast, conversion cost is incu
ed evenly throughout production.
Required:
A. Compute the total equivalent units for direct material and conversion cost.
B. Compute the cost per equivalent unit of direct material and conversion cost.
C. Determine the cost of complete production.
Problem – 2
ABC Pizza, a manufacturer of frozen pizzas, has the following data:
Work-in-Process, October 1
10,000 units*
Direct material
\$5,500
Conversion
17,000
Cost incu
ed during Octobe
\$110,000
Conversion
171,600
*complete as to direct material; 40% complete as to conversion
The equivalent units of activity for October are:
Direct material (weighted-average method)
110,000
Conversion (weighted-average method)
92,000
Completed and transfe
ed out
90,000
Required:
Compute the following amounts using weighted-average process costing.
1. Cost of goods completed and transfe
ed out during October.
2. Cost of the October 31 work-in-process inventory.
Problem – 3
ABC corporation manufactures cooling system components. The company has gathered the following information about two of its customers: Evans Equipment and Rogers Refrigeration.

Evans Equipment
Rogers Refrigeration
Sales Revenue
\$215,000
\$154,000
Cost of goods sold
95,000
68,000
General selling costs
30,000
21,500
21,000
15,050
Cost-driver data used by the firm and traceable to Evans and Rogers are:
Customer activity
Cost drive
Pool rate
Sales activity
Sales visits
\$900
Order taking
Sales orders
250
Special handling
Units handled
30
Special shipping
Shipments
600

Customer activity
Evans Equipment
Rogers Refrigeration
Sales activity
8 visits
5 visits
Order taking
17 orders
22 orders
Special handling
600 units
550 units
Special shipping
19 shipments
30 shipments
Required:
A. Perform a customer profitability analysis for ABC. Compute the gross margin and operating income on transactions related to Evans Equipment and Rogers Refrigeration.
B. Compute gross margin as a percentage of sales revenue. Then compute (1) general selling and administrative costs as a percentage of gross margin and (2) total customer-related costs (i.e., costs that arise from sales visits, order taking, and special handling and shipping) as a percentage of gross margin.
C. On the basis of your calculations, which of the two customers is “more costly” to deal with? Briefly explain.
Problem – 4
ABC Medical clinic offers a number of specialized medical services. A review of data for the year just ended revealed variable costs of \$32 per patient day; annual fixed costs of \$48,000, which are incu
ed evenly throughout the year; and semi variable costs that displayed the following behavior at the “peak” and “valley” of activity:
January (2,400 patient day): \$258,400
August (2,900 patient day): \$278,900
Required:
A. Calculate the total cost for an upcoming month (2,800 patient days) if cu
ent cost behavior patterns continue. ABC uses the high-low method to analyze cost behavior.
B. There is a high probability that ABC’s volume will increase in forthcoming months as patients take advantage f new scientific advances. Can the data and methodology used in part (a) for predicting the costs of 2,800 patient days be employed to estimate the costs for, say, 3,800 patient days? Why or why not?
Problem – 5
ABC corporation reports the following data for the first six months of the year:

Month
Machine Hours
Electrical Cost
January
400
\$40
Fe
uary
300
\$30
March
400
\$50
April
300
\$40
May
200
\$30
June
200
\$20
a. Using the least-squares regression method, the estimated variable electrical cost per machine hour.
. Using the least-squares regression method, the estimated monthly fixed component of the electrical cost.
Answered Same Day Jun 16, 2021

## Solution

Harshit answered on Jun 18 2021
COST ACCOUNTING
QUESTION 1
(a) Calculation of total equivalent units for ABC Company:
Particulars
Physical Units
Material
Conversion Cost
No. of units produced and transfe
ed
70000
70000
70000
Closing WIP
20000

Material (100%)

20000

Conversion (60%)

12000
Equivalent Units Of Production
90,000
90,000
82,000
(b) Calculation of cost per equivalent unit of production-ABC Company
Particulars
Material (\$)
Conversion Cost (\$)
Opening WIP
120,000
272,000
258,000
695,600
Total Cost to be accounted fo
378,000
967,600
Equivalent Units Of Production
90,000
82,000
Cost per equivalent unit
\$ 4.2
\$ 11.80
(c ) The cost of complete production = Cost per equivalent unit* No. of units produced
= 4.2 * 70 000 + 11.80 * 70,000
=294,000+826,000 = \$ 1,120,000
QUESTION 2
Cost per equivalent unit of material = (5,500 + 110,000) / 110,000 = 1.05
Cost per equivalent unit of conversion = (17,000 + 171,600) / 92,000 = 2.05
Calculation of the following:
1) Cost of goods completed and transfe
ed out during October
= (1.05 + 2.05) * 90,000 = \$279,000
Cost of ending work in process inventory
= Total Cost - Cost of goods completed and transfe
ed
= 304,100 – 279,000
Cost of Ending work in process = 25,100
**Note
Total Cost = 5,500+110,000+17,000+171,600 = 304,100
QUESTION 3
(a) Preparation of customer profitability analysis:
Calculation of customer related costs:

Cost Drivers

Details
E
M
Pool Rate
E
M

Equipment
Equipment
(\$)
Equipment
Refrigeration

(A)
(B)
(C)
(A*C)
(B*C)
Sales Activity
8
5
900
7,200
4,500
Order Taking
17
22
250
4,250
5,500
Special handling
600
550
30
18,000
16,500
Special Shipping
19
30
600
11,400
18,000
Total

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SOLUTION.PDF