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Part1: Short answer the following questions. 1. Besides beta blockers and the angiotensin system, what is the mechanism used to treat high blood pressure that involves water. Or what does the...

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Part1: Short answer the following questions.

1. Besides beta blockers and the angiotensin system, what is the mechanism used to treat high blood pressure that involves water. Or what does the medication do to your body to return blood pressure back to normal?

2.What is the major positively chargedelectrolyte found outside of cells? What is the major positively charged electrolyte found inside of cells?

3. True or False Athletes will have larger hearts to better circulate blood to the muscles for exercise (a large heart is a healthy heart).

4. Low potassium will kill a person through dehydration. Briefly explain physiologically why low potassium blocks or stops the signal for the heart to beat?

5. What is the type of anemia associated with an Iron deficiency?

6. Definefluorosis,what are the symptoms?

7. What organ is damaged by a selenium deficiency, as defined byKeshan'sdisease?

8. True or False Osteoporosis is a classified as a deficiency of calcium.

Part2:Read the following article.

Discuss your thoughts on salt intake and the American diet.

Lots of money is made on low sodium and no sodium foods.

If you are hypertensive you need to limit your sodium intake, what about everyone else?

Why the concern regarding sodium intake.

Sodium intake recommendations.

The connection between healthy people, salt intake, and hypertension does not exist, in some people eating salt actually causes blood pressure to go down.

Scientific AmericanArticle.

Another article stating that sodium dietary restrictions may not be the best for all people. Sodium recommended intake problems.

Answered Same Day May 02, 2020

Solution

Anju Lata answered on May 04 2020
151 Votes
3
    PART-1
1. Diuretics are the most commonly used drugs for treatment of hypertension. They act by preventing the reabsorption of sodium by nephrons, and by increasing the amount of sodium and water in urine. Hence, more sodium and water can be excreted by the passage of urine (Brater).
2. Sodium is a major positively charged electrolyte present outside the cell. It plays active role in maintaining the blood pressure, transmission of nerve impulse, and muscular contraction. Potassium is a major positively charged electrolyte found in the intracellular fluid. It also maintains the acid-base balance in body and regulates muscular contraction (Nave).
3. True. The heart of athletes gets bigger in size than the normal person due to consistent overload of pumping out extra blood (University of Cam
idge).
4. Potassium is an electrolyte which facilitates conduction of nerve impulse, and regulation of heart functioning (Chandler). It also maintains the fluid balance between the body and the cells. Potassium along with sodium transmits the signals essential for heart functioning, transmit the conduction of impulse along the nerves and the contraction of muscles. Low sodium level may harness all these activities, reduce the transmission of signal and electric impulse along the potential gradient thus impeding the smooth functioning of heart (Campbell).
5. Iron deficiency anemia which results from the deficiency of RBCs.
6. Fluorosis is a common dental problem caused by excessive...
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