Second ASSIGNMENT for Part One of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter Chapters 3-6 Due MARCH 25
Carson McCullers in 1959
Part One, Chapters 3-6 (Pages 33-94) DB due Sun 3/25: In these pages we go into depth on the character studies of Mick Kelly, Jake Blount, Dr. Copeland and continue with Mr. Singer. Answer EITHER ONE of these two questions:
· How do characters other than Singer react to each of the three characters mentioned and what does that tell us about each of the three personalities? Find a telling passage (sentence or two) that gives us this information for Mick, Jake and Dr. Copeland.
· There’s no question that Mr. Singer’s silent presence is beneficial to each of the three. Find a telling passage (sentence or two) that describes what his presence does for each of the three when they visit him.
You will see that PART ONE Chapters 3-6 each relate to one of the four characters above (for example Chapter 3=Mick; Chapter 4=Jake, etc.). Avoid repetition of quotes used by your classmates who post before you. Inability to follow these instructions will affect your points.
**Here are informational links (some of them YouTube videos) to the Real Names and facts mentioned in these chapters that you might not be familiar with: A quarter in 1940 equals $4 in 2018; Mozart; Jeanette MacDonald; Karl Marx ("Marxism"); Thorstein Veblen; Spinoza;
Cast of Prominent Characters
John Singer - A deaf-mute who makes a living engraving silver pieces in a jewelry shop.
Spiros Antonapoulos - A deaf-mute who is Singer's best friend.
Mick Kelly - The fourth child in a family of six – essentially the protagonist
Dr. Benedict Mady Copeland - An aging black doctor who works in his community all the time.
Biff Brannon - The proprietor of the New York Café, a central eating spot in town.
Jake Blount - A heavy-drinker who comes into town.
Portia - Dr. Copeland's daughter, who works as a servant in the Kelly household
Willie - Dr. Copeland's son and Portia's
other, who works in the Cafe kitchen.
Highboy - Portia's husband.
er Kelly - Mick Kelly's younger
Ralph Kelly - The baby of Mick’s family
Bill Kelly - Mick's older
other, in his late teens
Etta and Hazel Kelly - Mick's older sisters
Mr. and Mrs. Kelly - Mick's father and mother.
y Minowitz - Mick’s neighbor, a Jewish boy, a couple of years older than Mick
Alice Brannon - Biff Brannon's wife
Lucile Wilson - Biff Brannon's sister-in-law
Baby Wilson - Lucile's daughter.
Simms - A religious fanatic
Hamilton Copeland and Karl Marx "Buddy" Copeland - Dr. Copeland's two sons.
Daisy Copeland - Dr. Copeland's wife
SEE BELOW DIAGRAM FOR CHARACTERS’ “SETTINGS”
The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter Character Map
ELEMENTS OF SOUTHERN GOTHIC
Southern Gothic literature is a genre of Southern writing with stories that often focus on grotesque themes; and while it may include supernatural elements, it mainly focuses on damaged, even delusional, characters.
Although inspired by Gothic literature, Southern Gothic does not dwell on supernatural and suspense. Rather there is oftentimes a dark humor in the stories. It follows the idea of exposing the problems of society, but does so by developing complex characters. The authors explore the behaviors of (usually strange) people and the social order of the South. Through their stories, the authors try to show that the social order is fragile and the realities behind it are actually distu
ing. The authors work to point out truths of Southern culture and its moral shortcomings. The themes of this genre are developed around these goals.
The stories of Southern Gothic are, of course, set in the South. There are many Southern elements in the stories, including dialect, habits, and personalities. The history of the South is represented through the settings of the stories.
The characters are usually complex, and some of them are mentally unstable. Many of the characters may also be
oken in spirit and struggling to find a place in society once again. The morality of characters is also often questioned. Through their characters, the authors examine the harm that people can do to each other. There are also many characters who are seen as innocent, such as children and the vulnerable adult and there is a struggle for their place in the world. Whether mentally unstable, dark, or innocent, the characters try to make sense of the environment around them and the society in which they live.
The plots of Southern Gothic stories can be distu
ing and some do include supernatural elements. They often contain ironic events as a writing style. Many of the events contained in the stories are linked to racism, violence, and poverty. (See the characteristics of Southern Gothic Literature outlined below and also via link in Course Materials.)
A simplified definition of Southern Gothic: http:
Characteristics of Southern Gothic literature:
· isolation and marginalization
· violence and crime
· sense of place
· freakishness and the grotesque
· destitution and decay
· oppression and discrimination
· conflict with Christian religiosity
Elements of traditional European Gothic literature (So. Goth version in bold text):
1. Setting in a castle, primarily in dungeons or cellars, caves below ground level. (So. Goth: old plantations)
2. An atmosphere of mystery and suspense. (So. Goth: mysterious person)
3. An ancient prophecy (So. Goth: superstitions)
4. Omens, portents, visions. (So. Goth: superstitions)
5. Supernatural or otherwise inexplicable events. [So. Goth: events of foreboding]
6. High, even overwrought emotion. (So. Goth: distressed Southern personalities)
7. Women in distress and sometimes threatened by a powerful, impulsive, tyrannical male. (So. Goth: pressure of gender roles in Southern society)
8. The metonymy of gloom and ho
or. [So Goth: Southern History]
9. Subtle or overt Christian religiosity. (So. Goth: religion usually as prominent as race)
Significant Southern Gothic authors include William Faulkner, Flannery O’Connor, Harper Lee, Truman Capote, Eudora Welty, Tennessee Williams, Carson McCullers but their cues are taken from predecessors like Am
ose Bierce, Nathaniel Hawthorne and Edgar Allen Poe. We see the Southern Gothic style of writing even in the modern day through the works of authors like Cormac McCarthy.
Additionally these thematic concerns have made their way into music, TV, and film (some of which are adaptations of a Southern Gothic author’s work). These include movies like Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, TV shows like True Blood, American Ho
or Story, the first season of True Detective and The Vampire Diaries. Bands like Murder by Death have even introduced Southern Gothic themes into their music both in terms of style and subject matter.
Southern Gothic literature relies heavily on imagery and symbolism. Charles Reagan Wilson, Ph.D., Cook Chair of History and Professor of Southern Studies at the University of Mississippi says that, "In the Southern Gothic tradition, everything has meaning…The abandoned plantation house isn't there just to be spooky. It represents our fixation with history” (Southern Living). You will find rich symbolism throughout pieces in this literary tradition. For instance, in Poe’s “The Fall of the House of Usher” the decaying home also alludes to the physical decay (and perhaps moral decay) of the Usher family.
It is common in Southern Gothic literature, to find innocence su
ounded by cruelty and co
uption. “When southern gothic authors examine the human condition, they see the potential to do harm. Morality is in question for many characters. A major theme for southern gothic writers hinges on innocence and the innocent’s place in the world— where they are often asked to act as redeemer” (Oprah’s Book Club).