Soumi answered on
Apr 23 2020
INQUIRY INTO CLINICAL PRACTICE
ASSESSMENT TASK 1
TITLE: MAINTAINING A HAZARD FREE ENVIRONMENT IS AN EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION TO REDUCE FALLS RISK FOR GERIATRIC PATIENTS
STUDENT NUMBER: ____________________________
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 3
2. Comparing and Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods, relating to selected topic 3
3. Using these approaches to enhance knowledge in this chosen topic 4
4. Summary and Conclusion 5
5. Literature Matrix and Search Strategy 6
Search Strategy: 6
Literature Matrix Template: 7
Geriatric patients belong to that category of patients, who are required to be cared for the most. It is so because they are very vulnerable entities and are not quite capability of taking care of themselves (Avin et al., 2015). Therefore, often it has been noticed that due to their lack of active locomotive skills and neural affirmation, they stumble, leading on to falls. As stated by Oliveira, Santos, Ke
er, Francioni and Cruz (2015), geriatric falls are a common scenario at the healthcare units, such as hospitals and care organisations, where often due to the shortcomings of the care management or care providers, coupled with the unstable locomotive capabilities of the geriatric patients, they fall down. Hence, as viewed by Fischer et al. (2014), apart from supporting the patients with walking and movement aids, maintenance of a hazard-free environment within the care setting has been viewed to be the most suitable solution to this key issue. The cu
ent assignment focuses on this topic by conducting literature search on it.
2. Comparing and Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods, relating to selected topic
Research approaches are the ways of conducting a research. Usually, these can be of two types, depending on the types of data collected in the process— qualitative and quantitative. As stated by McCusker and Gunaydin (2015), quantitative approach involves the collection of precise, numeric data that are more are specific in nature. On the other hand, as contrasted by Neale and Strang (2015), qualitative approach comprises of the methods that generate elaborate data, with more in-depth information. Depending on the type of information required on a particular research topic, the researcher can opt for any of these types and sometimes, a combination of both of these.
However, the approach of quantitative research is different from the one of qualitative research, in the context that a quantitative approach usually, involves the conduction of survey questionnaires, while a qualitative one involves interview or focus group. Within a survey, closed-ended questions are asked, which have a set of multiple-choice options or options in Likert Scale (Colgan, Wahbeh, Pleet, Besler & Christopher, 2017). On the contrary, since elaborate data are collected in a qualitative approach, therefore, the interview processes consists of asking open-ended questions, which do not have any options to them, thus, providing the respondents with the freedom to reply with any opinion they want to express.
The sampling technique of quantitative approach is random, probability technique to select any participant unbiasedly, whereas that of the qualitative approach is convenient, non-probability technique to select eminent personnel biasedly, who have sufficient knowledge about the field, which is being studied (Smith, 2015). The sample size of quantitative approach is usually larger due to the precise format of data collection, while that of the qualitative approach is comparatively smaller due to more time-consuming, elaborative format.
For the cu
ent research, quantitative approach could be implemented for collecting data from the geriatric patients about their anxiety about their safety and experiences from fall incidences. This process would have been conducted only after seeking their informed consent, and would help to generate their first-hand opinions. On the other hand, from the care managers, care providers and nurses, the qualitative data could be collected as they are quite accustomed with the concept, issue and interventions of falls, hence, their opinions would have presented an outlook to the implementation of hazard-free environment for the patients.
3. Using these approaches to enhance knowledge in this chosen topic
In the chosen field of research, these methods could be implemented for garnering an in-depth knowledge about the key factors that lead to the falls of geriatric patients, and the ways, in which these could be prevented. As analysed by Ingham-Broomfield (2016), structured quantitative survey questionnaire could be provided to patients to let to answer the multiple-choice type questions. The process could be online, using emails or social networking platforms or offline.
On the other hand, the qualitative interviews could be conducted using unstructured or semi-structured questions, which would be administered to the participants only after seeking the prior permission from the management of the organisation. As suggested by Simonovich (2017), the process can be online through emails, or through video calls such as using Skype of Google Hangouts, telephonic or by face-to-face. However, in both the approaches, strict...