Assessment 3: Critical Evaluation
SONM Use Only
Weighting: 50 %
Due Date: 17:00hrs, Friday 11th May 2018
The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate a journal article. This will provide you with the skills and knowledge to be able to evaluate the quality and relevance of research so that you can make informed decisions about applying it to practice.
This assignment addresses the following course learning outcome/s:
1. Examine the contribution of research to evidence-based practice;
2. Evaluate the credibility of the information provided by research studies;
3. Demonstrate a
oad understanding of the major elements of the research process that underpin translation to practice.
Task Description (Instructions):
For this task you need to write a 2000 word critical evaluation report. In your report you will critically evaluate a journal article and discuss its relevance to clinical nursing practice. Please see this below.
For this assignment you must use the ‘critical evaluation tool template’ (attached). This template directs you to the information that needs to be included in each section of your assignment. The template is only a guide and is not to be submitted.
In your report you should use the following headings below. Please note, suggested word numbers provided are only approximate.
· Introduction (200 words)
· Title and Abstract (100 words)
· Research Design (300 words)
· The Sample (150 words)
· Data Collection (300 words)
· Data Analysis (100 words)
· Results (200 words)
· Conclusion (150 words)
· Relevance to clinical nursing practice (500 words)
· You need to include a reference list (not included in word count).
Case Study – You need to write a report on the following journal article using the template provided.
Randomised Controlled Trial, Case Study
Bugden, S., Shean, K., Scott, M., Mihala, G., Clark, S., Johnstone, C., … Rickard, C XXXXXXXXXXSkin glue reduces the failure rate of emergency department-inserted peripheral intravenous catheters: A randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 68, 196–201. http:
What the study is about:
Peripheral intravenous catheters are the most commonly used medical invasive device in hospitals today and are frequently initiated in the emergency department. Peripheral intravenous catheter failure frequently occurs after 48 hours post insertion, suggesting that improvements in securement can be targeted at this timeframe. A novel approach for improved peripheral intravenous catheter fixation is the use of medical-grade skin glue (cyanoacrylate) at the insertion site. Skin glue has been reported to be effective for securing central venous, epidural, and peripheral arterial catheters, with improved fixation compared with standard polyurethane dressings.
· Ensure that you use scholarly literature1 (digitised readings, research articles, relevant Government reports and text books) that have been published within the last 5 years.
· Use academic language2 throughout.
· You need to adhere strictly to the word limit.
· Submit your assignment via Turnitin.
Formatting and Submission
Please submit as ONE document including (in this order):
1. Assignment Title Page with co
2. Your report, appropriately formatted (font type – Times New Roman, font size - 12, double line spacing, margins, page numbers – inserted in the upper right-hand side of the page header and should start on the Title Page (starting at 1), student number etc).
3. Reference list on a separate sheet and appropriately formatted. This is not included in the word limit.
4. Check and save a copy of your work.
5. Submit your completed report via the appropriate Turnitin submission point on the course site.
1 Scholarly or peer-reviewed journal articles are written by scholars or professionals who are experts in their fields, as opposed to literature such as magazine articles, which reflect the tastes of the general public and are often meant as entertainment.
2 Everyday language is predominantly subjective. It is mainly used to express opinions based on personal preference or belief rather than evidence. Written academic English is formal. It avoids colloquialisms and slang, which may be subject to local and social variations. Formal language is more precise and stable, and therefore more suitable for the expression of complex ideas and the development of reasoned argumentation.
NURS 2006: Assignmen
Assessment 3 Semester 1, 2018
Demonstrate knowledge of the research components of a research pape
A high level response will:
· accurately identify and explain the different elements of the research process that are evident in the chosen article.
Evaluates the research and discusses the implications for nursing practice
A high level response will:
· critically evaluate the research elements using the critical evaluation tool with reference to recent, relevant and scholarly literature.
· provide a scholarly and concise, evidence - based discussion of the significant implications of the research for contemporary nursing practice and standards of care.
Demonstrate scholarly presentation of work
A high level response will:
· be smooth and coherent with succinct expression.
· conform to the structure provided in the template.
· include co
ect spelling, grammar, and well-constructed sentences and paragraphs.
· adhere strictly to the word limit (2000 words)
· Report is supported by a range of recent and relevant scholarly sources.
· Report is referenced and formatted co
ectly according to APA 6th edition conventions).
· There is a separate page for the reference list.
[weighted at 50%]
CRITICAL EVALUATION TOOL TEMPLATE
2806 NRS Assessment 3, Trimester 1, 2018
SONM Use Only
Assessment 3: Critical Evaluation
Weighting 50 %
Due date: 17:00hrs 121th May, 2018
Critical Evaluation Tool template (Quantitative Study) (Do not submit this table template)
Complete this table
What is the problem/population?
What is the intervention?
What is the Comparator?
What is the primary outcome?
What are the secondary outcome/s?
Critical Appraisal models
Identify one other critical evaluation/appraisal model that can be used to critique research and evaluate a quantitative study. You must reference this.
Present an overview of this journal e.g. Briefly determine if it is a highly regarded journal by Impact Factor.
In what country is the journal published?
How will this information about the journal affect your decision when considering using this research in practice?
Are the authors experts in the field? How can you tell? How will this information about the authors affect your decision when considering using this research in practice?
, Abstract and Literature Review
a. What makes a good journal article title? Is the title of the research paper consistent with the text? Describe.
. What are the aims and objectives of the research study?
c. What are the important features about an abstract? Describe the components of the abstract in this research study.
d. Is the literature cited in the background / literature review cu
ent, relevant and comprehensive? Briefly describe.
a. What type of quantitative study design was used? What level of evidence is this?
. What are the research questions for this study?
c. Why was the study needed? State this reason.
d. Are hypotheses stated in this study? If so, please state these and describe which hypothesis is stated: the scientific hypothesis or the null hypothesis?
e. Describe how the intervention(s) was ca
a. What was the population of interest?
b. Identify and describe the setting of the study. (Hospital, home, community etc)
c. How were the participants recruited? Describe.
d. Was ethical approval obtained? Describe.
a. What data was collected? What outcome/s were measured? Describe
. What tools were used to collect the data (surveys, questionnaires or other data collection tools). Were quality tools used? How was tool quality determined?
d. Who collected the data and how?
e. What is bias and how is it avoided or minimised in this study?
a. How were the quantitative results reported in this study?
Summarise the researcher’s report of the results, including:
a. Do the results answer the research question/s?
. Were suggestions for further research made? If yes, what were they?
c. Were implications for healthcare / practice suggested? If so, what were they?
a. Summarise the conclusion
Relevance to nursing practice
Critically evaluate, with reference to a range of recent, scholarly literature, how this research is relevant to the clinical nursing setting using the principles of evidence based practice.
· Patient values
· Clinical expertise
· Available evidence
Skin Glue Reduces the Failure Rate of Emergency Department–Inserted Peripheral Intravenous Catheters: A Randomized Controlled Trial
THE PRACTICE OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE/ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Skin Glue Reduces the Failure Rate of Emergency
Department–Inserted Peripheral Intravenous Catheters:
A Randomized Controlled Trial
Simon Bugden, MBChB, FACEM*; Karla Shean, RN; Mark Scott, MBBS, FACEM; Gabor Mihala, MEng(Mech), GradCert(Biostatistics);
Sean Clark, MBBS, FACEM; Christopher Johnstone, MBChB, FACEM; John F. Fraser, MD, PhD; Claire M. Rickard, PhD, RN
esponding Author. E-mail: XXXXXXXXXX.
Study objective: Peripheral intravenous catheters are the most common invasive device in health care yet have very
high failure rates. We investigate whether the failure rate could be reduced by the addition of skin glue to standard
peripheral intravenous catheter care.
Methods: We conducted a single-site, 2-arm, nonblinded, randomized, controlled trial of 380 peripheral intravenous
catheters inserted into 360 adult patients. The standard care group received standard securement. The skin glue group
eceived standard securement plus cyanoacrylate skin glue applied to the skin insertion site. The primary outcome was
peripheral intravenous catheter failure at 48 hours, regardless of cause. Secondary outcomes were the individual
modes of peripheral intravenous catheter failure: infection, phlebitis, occlusion, or dislodgement.
Results: Peripheral intravenous catheter failure was 10% lower (95% confidence interval –18% to –2%; P¼.02) with
skin glue (17%) than standard care (27%), and dislodgement was 7% lower (95% confidence interval –13% to 0%;
P¼.04). Phlebitis and occlusion were less with skin glue but were not statistically significant