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Exercises : Differentiate between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. How does the pathophysiology of the diseases differ? How are they similar? What are the treatments for each disease? Explain...

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Exercises:

  • Differentiate between osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. How does the pathophysiology of the diseases differ? How are they similar? What are the treatments for each disease?
  • Explain the relationship between fluid and electrolyte balance and chronic kidney disease.
  • Discuss the pathophysiology of osteomyelitis
  • Differentiate between three types of muscle disorders.
Answered Same Day Jun 25, 2020

Solution

Soumi answered on Jun 28 2020
139 Votes
Running Head: DISEASES QUESTION-ANSWER EXERCISES    1
DISEASES QUESTION-ANSWER EXERCISES     5
DISEASES QUESTION-ANSWER EXERCISES
Table of Contents
Introduction    3
1. Differences between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis according to their pathophysiology, similarities as well as treatments    3
2. Relationship between electrolyte balance, fluid and chronic kidney disease    4
3. Pathophysiology of osteomyelitis    5
4. Differentiating between three types of muscle disorders    5
Conclusion    6
References    7
Introduction
Arthritis is a very common disease among today’s patients and it is basically the inflammation in the joints. In this assignment, the main two types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis will be discussed with their similarities and differences along with treatments of such disease. Failure in maintenance of such electrolytes may cause the renal failure that ultimately results in chronic kidney disease and this will also be discussed in following writing. Bedsides, the disease osteomyelitis and different muscle disorders has also been detailed here.
1. Differences between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis according to their pathophysiology, similarities as well as treatments
Arthritis is basically occurs among aged women and this occurs due to the loos of flexibility or tissue of cartilage which is a connective tissue in the joint. According to Pap and Ko
-Pap (2015), in both cases of osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) the joints are affected and pain, swelling and stiffness are common symptoms. The main difference between OA and RA is the type of disease where the OA is the cause of injury or tear on the joints whereas the former is the result of autoimmune disorder. OA causes due to pressure on joints, due to various activities such as sports.
However, genetic factor can also cause a risk of OA. In RA, the antibodies are produced against the self-tissue that start to destroy the flexibility, due to antigen antibody precipitation in the joints. As per the idea of Ma, Chan and Ca
uthers, (2014), the genes for the activation of immune system such as STAT4, TRAF1, C5 and genetic marker HLA are responsible for RA development.
Physical activity, weight management, pain and anti-inflammation medicine, stretching are the treatment for OA as the aim of the treatment is to increase the joint flexibility, maintenance of weight, proper exercise. In case of RA, the goal is to stop inflammation and relieve symptoms and hence aggressive treatment is necessary. JAK inhibitor or corticosteroids are used to stop the antigen antibody binding. NSAID is also prescribed to inhibit COX-2, as it is a safer medicine for stomach.
2. Relationship between electrolyte balance, fluid and chronic kidney disease
Kidney is the main organ that maintain the fluid and electrolyte balance in the body and loss of which cause the renal changes as well as various external change and this change cause the decrease in the...
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