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EECS2030: LAB 6 Due: March 13th, XXXXXXXXXX:59 pm The purpose of this lab is to practice A) using polymorphism in the code. B) reading Java Documentation API and understand the relationships between...

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EECS2030: LAB 6 Due: March 13th, XXXXXXXXXX:59 pm

The purpose of this lab is to practice
A) using polymorphism in the code.
B) reading Java Documentation API and understand the relationships
etween objects. For this, I’m going to ask you to learn how to read
from a file.
1. Prelude
A program is a piece of code that gets data (i.e. input), process it and send
out the processed data (i.e. output). The inputs are sent from a variety of
input devices such as keyboards, digital pens, scanners, or files. The output
of a program can also be sent to a variety of devices such as screens, printers,
or files.
The good thing about working with files is their involatile property. If you write
something on a file, it stays forever (theoretically, if no technical problem
happens) unless you remove it explicitly.
Two types of files can be defined, text and binary. Both types are stored as a
series of bits (0 and 1). A text file is a file that can be opened by a text editor
and usually have .txt extension. If a file is not a text file, it is a binary file. For
example, an image or a voice is a binary file. In this lab we work with a text
file only.
In java, data is transfe
ed between sources and destinations as a stream of
data, which simply represents a flow of data. An input stream, therefore, is
a stream of data that flows from an input device to your program, while an
output stream, is a stream of data that flows from your program to an output
device.
An example of input stream is System.in that is used to read data to a
program, while System.out is an output stream that is used to write data to
the screen.
To read/write from/to a file, a co
ect input/output stream should be used.
Java provides a variety of ways by which you can read and write data. One
straight forward method to read data is to create a Scanner object that scans
the input streams. For example, if a data is read from keyboard, the co
ect
input stream is System.in and therefore the object is defined as:
Scanner scannerObject = new Scanner(System.in);
To read from a file, a couple of input stream can be used. One simple way is
to simply pass the name of the file into the scanner object. For example, to
ead from input.txt the following code is used:
Scanner scannerObject = new Scanner(new File(“inpu.txt”));
At this point I think you should have got some idea of how a file is read.
What I need you to do is to visit
https:
docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/14/docs/api/java.base/java/util/Sca
nner.html Whenever that is needed, when you implement the code for this
lab.
Please note there are things that I have not explained here for which you
need to do a bit of research in order to complete this lab. I list those here:
• Exception handling when reading from a file.
• An open file should finally be closed when it is not needed any more.
2. Setup
Please download Lab6.zip that is attached to this description.
• Open eclipse.
• Click on File and select Import.
• Choose Existing Projects into Workspace and click Next.
• Click on Select Archive File and then Browse. Find Lab6.zip and
click Finish.
• Please make sure that you do not already have a project called
EECS2030_Lab6, otherwise, eclipse cannot import it for you.
You should see two files, one is called Container.java and one
ContainerTester.java. That’s right :) Again, we will be working with
containers in this lab. You should also see two text files in this project named
input.txt and in.txt.
3. JavaDoc generation
The javaDoc has been written for you. All you need to do is to generate it as
an HTML file to make it easier for navigation. For this, right click on
Container.java -> select export -> javaDoc -> Next. It will ask you for
the location in which you want to store the documentation. Enter the path and
then click Finish.
https:
docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/14/docs/api/java.base/java/util/Scanner.html
https:
docs.oracle.com/en/java/javase/14/docs/api/java.base/java/util/Scanner.html
If you look at the location in which you stored the documentation, you’ll see
there is a file called index.html. Clicking on this file, shows the documentation
of the project in your
owser.
4. Programming Task
A container is a storage that can store an unlimited number of objects.
In this lab, you are going to implement two types of the containers including
Queue and Stack. I have talked about Queues in the lecture, therefore if you
need to, please revisit the lecture.
The second special type of containers is called a stack. A stack follows a LIFO
(Last In, First Out) rule to insert
emove from/to the container. This means
that the last item that is added to the stack, will be the first that is removed
from the stack. You can imagine a stack as a plate dispenser. When you add
a plate, you add it to the top of the dispenser. When you remove a plate, you
emove it from the top again.
A stack has two main and two auxiliary methods:
push(object): This method adds the object to the stack. In this lab we have
changed the name of push to add, for the purpose of practicing polymorphism.
pop(): removes the last element that was added, from the stack. In this lab
we have changed the name of pop to remove, for the purpose of practicing
polymorphism.
top(): returns the element, which is at the top of the stack, without removing
it.
getSize(): returns the number of elements in the stack.
Your job for this lab, is to complete Container, Queue and Stack class. I
have written a comment, where you need to insert your code.
Task 1: Class Container
This class has a static final method that reads the file and creates a list that
containing the read data. In fact, each line of the file is stored in one
element of the list. This list is then returned from this method.
The names of the rest of the methods in this class explain themselves. If you
need more clarification, please read the javaDoc for these methods.
Task 2: Class Queue
While Queue Is-A container, it follows the rule of Queue data structure (FIFO),
therefore all the methods should be implemented in a way that the rule is
followed.
This class has an instance variable that holds all the items that is read from
the file, which is labeled by “Queue”. The constructor of this class removes
this label and add the data to the queue.
The rest of the methods are self-explanatory.
Task 3: Class Stack
The Stack class is also special type of a container that was explained above.
This class has a constructor that uses the list that contains the data that is
ead from the file and inserts the ones that are labeled with “Stack” to the
instance variable of class Stack. Before adding the data, it removes the label.
To implement the rest of the methods please see their javaDoc.
5. Submit
You only submit one file that is called Container.java via eClass by clicking
on the lab link.
You do not need to submit the tester or HTML files.
Answered Same DayMar 12, 2022

Solution

Neha answered on Mar 13 2022
33 Votes
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