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Choose one of the following infectious diseases and discuss the potential impact of the disease, pathogenesis, mechanism of transmission, and associated risks. Cholera HIV/AIDS Influenza Marburg...

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  • Choose one of the following infectious diseases and discuss the potential impact of the disease, pathogenesis, mechanism of transmission, and associated risks.
    • Cholera
    • HIV/AIDS
    • Influenza
    • Marburg hemorrhagic fever
    • Severe acute respiratory syndrome
    • Smallpox
  • Differentiate among several types of shock: cardiogenic, hypovolemic, obstructive, distributive, and septic. Explain the pathophysiology of each.
  • Discuss the risks of morbidity and mortality and the preparation and prevention measures for one type of natural disaster
  • Explain how to set up for disaster closet in the emergency department. What items should it contain? Who should have access? Should it be locked? What type of drills should be conducted?
  • Elaborate on the pathophysiology of burns. Differentiate between first, second, and third degree burns. What are the potential complications of each?
  • Discuss the pathogenesis and progression of ebola. What safety concerns were addressed during the 2014 outbreak?
Answered Same Day Jul 07, 2020

Solution

Tp Academic answered on Jul 11 2020
139 Votes
Running head: Nursing
6
Nursing
NURSING
Table of Contents
Introduction    2
Pathogenesis    2
Mechanism of transmission    2
Associated risks    2
Types of shock    3
Cardiogenic shock    3
Hypovolemic shock    3
Obstructive shock    3
Distributive shock    4
Septic shock    4
Risks of mo
idity and mortality    4
Preparation and Prevention    5
Setting up for disaster closet in the emergency department    5
Pathophysiology of burns    5
Ebola pathogenesis and progression    6
Conclusion    6
Reference List    7
Introduction
Severe acute respiratory syndrome, as per WHO is a disease that is emerging and is having quite a bit of its influence. As argued by Hu et al. (2017), WHO reports say that around 8422cases have shown up with respect to the disease. Reports say that there have been around 916 cases of death and the mortality rate had shot up to about 10.9%. China was the worst hit, with Canada, Singapore, Taiwan following suit. This study deals with pathophysiology of respiratory syndrome, and how it affects human body.
Pathogenesis
The main target is the respiratory tract which is severely harmed. The virus spreads to other organs. The worst hit is the respiratory tract and the epithelial cells associated with it. The alveoli and the spaces associated with it are severely damaged. As pointed out by Thompson, Chambers & Liu (2017), the intestines with its mucosal cells, the kidneys and the associated epithelial cells, the neural cells of the
ain are among the other hits by the disease. The immune system is severely impaired and so are many other organs which are harmed in an indirect manner.
Mechanism of transmission
The main pathway of the transmission of SARS virus is the close contact with the infection person or the infection itself as in, the infected droplets that contain the virus of SARS. As opined by Combes et al. (2017), the other means which could pave the way of transmission of SARS are infected food, air, water, faeces and so on.
Associated risks
There is the risk of acquiring the disease via close contacts with an infectious person. Risk is also there in case of travel to place where there have been cases of the spread of infection. As argued by Villar & Slutsky (2017), older people are affected the most, given their feeble state of the immune system. Risk lies when there is delay in recognition of the disease. When proper treatments are not meted out, the risk of severe damage cannot be overlooked.
Types of shock
Cardiogenic shock
A condition which arises due to the sudden inefficiency of the heart to pump the adequate amount of blood that is required by the body. As argued by Silversides et al. (2017), a cardiac a
est may often give way to the condition of cardiogenic shock. It could be fatal but immediate treatment could save the chances of survival.
Pathophysiology
Myocardial dysfunction is caused by ischemia. As opined by Curley et al. (2017), global ischemia gives way to multiorgan dysfunction. This in turn gives way to systemic inflammation. Sepsis could also occur due to the malfunctioning of the bacteria associated with the intestines.
Hypovolemic shock
This is stated as one the life-threatening conditions when it becomes an absolutely impossible task for the heart to pump enough blood to the body after a heavy fluid loss of the body. This loss accounts up...
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