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Assessment item 2 - Case Study Part 1 Value: 10% Due Date: 31-Aug-2020 Length: Variable TASK The following case study has been developed to provide you with a realistic business scenariofrom which you...

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Assessment item 2 - Case Study Part 1

Value: 10%

Due Date: 31-Aug-2020

Length: Variable


The following case study has been developed to provide you with a realistic business scenariofrom which you can develop the necessary decision making skills to meet the learningoutcomes of this subject. The case study will form the basis for Assessment Item 2 and 3.


It is April 2020 and one year since Pork Bellies Pty Ltd acquired competitor Casserole Steaks in a goal to improve economies of scale and reinforce its position as the fourth largest companyproducing pork in Australia. The pork farming and processing industry has undergone significant changes in the last decade and it appeared to Pork Bellies that the competition from the other two major competitors would start to deteriorate Pork Bellies traditionalstronghold of value added processed products. There were also indications that a major international company had been investigating the Australian market to identify potentialalliance partners or takeover targets. Given Pork Bellies strong growth and performance overthe last 10 years, the company’s board now needs to analysis the future of the industry and how it can position Pork Bellies to ensure its long-tern sustainability and to progress towardstheir goal of being the major pork producer in Australia.

PORK BELLIES Pty Ltd Background

Pork Bellies was established in 1930 by Shawn Lamb in Walgett; Shawn’s granddaughter Brooke River took over as managing director in 2011. The company is currently ranked 185 inthe top 500 privately owned companies in Australia.

In 2019 Pork Bellies employed over 800 staff, with major operating centres located inMelbourne, Sydney and the Albury/Wodonga region. Pork Bellies is the fourth largestcompany in Australia that farms and processes pork with sales of $462.7 million. Majorcustomers include supermarkets, butchers and caterers.

Quality is something Pork Bellies is very particular about and in 2001 it was accredited with ISO 9002 across all farming and processing functions, including processing, distribution and feeding of livestock. ISO 9002 certification was also accredited for administration processes ofpurchasing, training product control, product traceability and process improvement. The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) food safety system was also adopted, further highlighting Pork Bellies commitment to quality control and safety.

Pork Bellies strong growth has been attributed to product development, with a focus on supplying to butchers, restaurants, caterers and function venues. All products are portion controlled; it is provided in set portions and individually packaged, which customers prefer for ensuring consistency in cooking and serving.

Global rationalisation has impacted on the Australian industry in recent years however. Achieving economies of scale for farming and processing is considered to be more important for the long term viability than product development. As part of their growth strategy PorkBellies acquired Casserole Steaks in April 2019 to further expand processing activities, gain access to additional distribution outlets and achieve greater economies of scale.Complementing the current Pork Bellies business, Casserole Steaks produces a range of fully cooked small goods and smoked pork for Pork Bellies under their own label, as well as underFarm Fresh label for Holes and Dangerway Supermarkets. Casserole Steaks has established a strong export market into China.

Pork Bellies have developed close working relationships with Meat Delights and Power Pork,two of Pork Bellies competitors. This strategic alliance was established to achieve furthereconomies of scale in production of pork products designated for the overseas markets.

The global pork meat farming and processing industry

Pork consumption has consistently increased upwards in recent years in Australia andinternationally. On a global basis, pork meat accounts for about 25% of total meatconsumption, third only to chicken and beef. The table below summaries pork consumptionover the last few years.

Table 1

Pork meat consumption per capita in selected locations (kg/per capita)










































With the consumption of pork rising around the world, it has resulted in the need forproduction to increase at the same rate. Recent years trends are showing that countries areworking towards becoming more self-sufficient in providing meat for their own consumption.More recently, China and Brazil have enjoyed enormous growth in pork production andovertaken the US which had traditionally been the highest producer of pork.

Size and growth

In 2019, about 955,000 tonnes of pork with a retail value of approximately $4.2 billion wasconsumed. Historically, the industry has not been responsive to changes in demand, withproduction generally constant with a minor peak around Christmas time. There have beenlimited fluctuations in price and profitability. In addition, unlike other livestock producers, pork farmers were unable to change to alternative livestock when demand declined due to thespecialised nature of pork farming and the equipment required for housing the pigs. As aresult, a high focus on efficiency throughout the industry has resulted in intensive animalrearing operations through efficient feed utilisation and optimised productivity. This hasenabled lower price rises at the retail end than for other livestock, with pork prices increasingby only 147 % from 1972 to 2014, compared with 230% for most other meats.

Consumption Trends

The growth in production mirrored increasing domestic consumption trends, with Australian consumption at 29 kg per capita per annum in 2019. However, this was still a long way behindcountries such as China as shown in table 1, which has an annual consumption in excess of44kg per capita. Consumption demands in

Australia have also increased as a result of pricereductions that are able to be achieved through technological development and economies of scale within the industry. However, consumers are increasingly shopping for meal solutionsrather than for set weights of meat and vegetables as they were once doing. In fact, all meatsare facing increasing competition from rice, pasta and prepared foods.

Key drivers of future growth in domestic pork consumption are as follows:

• A continued strong domestic economy – pork consumption is directly related toavailable disposable income. Australia is enjoying the lowest interest rates for the last30 years and this has seen a substantial rise in disposable income. However, personaldebt is at record levels, largely due to the buoyant housing market and any rise ininterest rates will have a negative impact on demand due to a tightening of disposableincome levels.

• Changing lifestyle trends – an increase in health consciousness has seen a shift infavour of white meat and fish over traditional red meats. Pork meat is low in fat andhigh in protein, fitting well with changing consumer levels.

• Culture – Australia is a multicultural society and most national cooking styles incorporate pork dishes.

• Convenience and fast food – Convenience products and fast-food outlets haveproliferated over recent years as time-poor consumers demand products that can be prepared in less time. This is being driven by more people in the workforce and smaller family units that favour convenience food products. Pork has become moreprevalent in menus as consumers seek fast and healthy options. In addition, increasing average weekly household disposable income has meant people areincreasingly eating out, with pork being a prominent part of most restaurant menus.

A key issue facing the industry in the future is consumer perception of the use of hormonesand growth proponents in piggery pork production, with the industry safeguarding againstsuch use by enforcing testing programs through the National Residue Survey (NRS) conducted by the Australian Federal Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. This has helped to allay consumer concern in this area, and to date no residues have been detectedin batches tested.

In addition, the increasing demand for organic produce is impacting on the industry. Free range pork accounts for a small amount of total production; however, it is the fastest growingsegment. With growing consumer trends for organic produce, several industry participants have recently gone into production with ‘free range’ accredited growing.

Pork Bellies and International breeding stock alliances.

Pork meat production in Australia is carried out mainly using breeding stock from one of asmall number of large international pig breeding companies. Australia is dominated bybreeding stock from two major companies:

• Piggie Smalls (a wholly owned subsidiary of Cape Foods Inc. in the United States)supplies Hamlet and Gropork Breeding, a joint venture between Pork Bellies andHogwarts

• Porky Group (a UK-based company) which supplies Swapmeat Enterprises.

The international breeding companies focus on improving their pork breeds to deliver enhanced performance in terms of feed to meat conversion and growth rates. Breeding farmsfollow the management program prescribed by international breeders. This, however, doesmake Australian producers reliant on international breeders or local organisations with breedfranchises for breeding stock. This also enables them to be internationally competitive andmaintain quality. Pork Bellies recognises the importance of being part of such alliances and has entered the GroPork Breeding alliance to ensure access to the Piggie Smalls breed andmaintain competitiveness with the major local producers such as Hamlet and Swapmeat.

The cost of production

The pork industry in a large consumer of wheat, absorbing more than one-third of all feedwheat available in Australia. It also used 75% of meat meal produced in Australia. One of thekey issues for the industry is that local feed costs are higher than the feed costs of other majorpork producing countries. Should import regulations on pork be relaxed, this relative costdisadvantage could pose a significant threat to domestic production.


Less than 5% of the product is imported due to concerns about disease. In November 1997,the government announced that limited imports on cooked pork meat would be allowed intoAustralia. However, strict guidelines were put in place such that imports had to be cooked at 70°C for 143 minutes which was the level at which disease was determined to be unable to survive. In addition, the Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (AQIS) introduced stringent tests on imported pork meat and as a consequence, imports have not increased significantly.It is anticipated that this trend will continue.

Pork Belliescorporate strategy

Pork Bellies regards itself as a major Australian pork meat production and processing company. Its stated strategic goals are as follows:

• To be recognised as the leading pork meat brand in the Australian food industry;

• To provide customers with high-quality products and excellent service;

• To be the leading company in the industry, continuing to grow at rates higher than the industry average; and

• To be the leading supplier of further processed pork products.

It plans to achieve these objectives by:

• Being an accredited supplier to the major supermarket chains and speciality pork outlets;

• Expanding by acquisition, where appropriate;

• Sustaining superior performance; understanding and satisfying customer needs; and

• Investing in state-of-the-art equipment to enable product innovation and efficiencies.

Pork Bellies is already recognised as having a differentiated offering compared with its major rivals, Swapmeat and Hamlet, due to its value product range, well established relationships with key retails outlets and the achievement of quality accreditation across a wide range ofaspects of its operations. Pork Bellies is focused on its direct customers (ie the retailers) andthe end customer (ie the customer) - planning to be the supplier of choice.

The company recognises that they need to sustain their growth rate and profitability to prevent takeovers from one of the two major companies (Hamlet and Swapmeat). For thisreason, Leghorn was acquired in 2016 to achieve production and processing economies ofscale and gain access to additional markets through Leghorn’s accreditation and speciality store relationships, as well their export focus and AQIS export approval status. Furtheracquisitions are possible; however, they would need to be good strategic fit from operationaland cultural perspectives.

The company has strong family values, and the ongoing sustainability of the business is more important than short-term profitability. In 1999, Hamlet unsuccessfully approached BrookeRiver about the prospect of buying Pork Bellies’ operation for $250 million. River was offered aseat on the board; however, under the terms of the deal, she would lose control over the Pork Bellies operations. In addition, a large

proportion of the purchase synergies would arise fromthe removal of duplicate functions across the combined business group. This would have resulted in the retrenchment of many of Pork Bellies loyal employee base, some of whom hadbeen with the company since Brooke River’s grandfather established the business over 50years ago.

Pork Belliesrecent performance

Operations and production

Pork Bellies have demonstrated a strategic approach to its operations by covering all aspectsof the value chain. Business operations include breeder farms, processing plants and feedmilling. Products include sales of live pork (including breeding stock), pork feed, primary processed pork (raw) and further processed pork. Based in Victoria, the newly acquired Leghorn is also vertically integrated pork producer in its own right.

Breeding and farming

As a partner in the Gropork Breeding joint venture with Hogwarts and Avian Porks, Pork Belliesis the sole distributor in Australia of Piggie Smalls, the major international breeding companyowned by Cape Foods.

The principal farming areas for Pork Bellies breeder operations are in Northern NSW, South Australia and the Sydney region. Pork Bellies has a number of company-owned and operatedpiggery farms as well as nearly 50 independent contract farmers, including Leghorn’s contractgrowing farms to which they deliver young stock. Leghorn is the first firm in Victoria to satisfy the Victorian Meat Authority’s quality accreditation (QA) system and has ISO9002 certificationfor all its operations. Contract growers who provide Leghorn with pigs have their ownaccredited system, several of which have also obtained free range pork status.

The company also owns and operates a feed mill located in country NSW. Pork Bellies’s total requirement for feed at all the company locations throughout Australia is in excess of 130,000 tonnes per year.


The company focuses mainly on the domestic market, selling to major supermarkets, pork shops and manufacturers of frozen foods and meals. Industrial customers use its pork infrozen meals for export, and a small percentage of its products are exported directly.

Distribution throughout Australia is undertaken by refrigerated transport using distributors in most states, leveraging from Leghorn’s existing distribution network.

Marketing and new product development

Pork Bellies has a focus on product development for the food service market, with anextensive food service product range for fast-food outlets, schools, clubs restaurants, caterersand function venues. New product development has introduced a number of snack and mealsolutions, including a variety of pork products such as nuggets, burgers, wedges, fingers and a wide range of cooked and smoked lines. The company has been accredited by both major supermarkets, Dangerway and Holes and it is seen in the industry as a leader in quality control.

People and management

Privately owned by the Pork Bellies family since formation in 1954, Pork Bellies is proud of itsfamily tradition. It values its people and sees itself as trying to grow the business through its employees. Its team of experienced, professional and committed people provide a strategic advantage in offering high standards of quality and service to its customers.

The company is proud of its employees at all levels and believes that their commitment isparamount to its marketplace performance. The consistent emphasis on quality is epitomisedby the achievement of ISO 9002 and HACCP accreditation. Tight controls are maintained onthe value chain. Head office management also maintain rigid reporting and measurementrequirements, with senior management employing a ‘hands-on’ approach in the day-to-day running of the business. Due to the strong family values of the company, staff turnover is verylow.

The six member executive team includes three family members and also Justin Case, the founder of Leghorn and deputy chairman of the Pork Bellies board, thus indicating the strategic nature of the Leghorn acquisition and the value that Pork Bellies places on Leghorn’s expertise and capabilities.

The company is actively involved in various industry bodies, including the Australian Pork Growers Council, of which Brooke River is the Chairman, ensuring that the company has the capacity to influence the shape of the industry’s future and stay abreast of future developments.

Back to the future…

At the April 2020 board meeting, Justin Case reported that the integration of the Leghorn acquisition was ahead of plan and has been highly successful largely due to a good strategic fit between the to businesses. Pork Bellies has secured its place as the number three producer inthe industry and most importantly was the clear leader in the value added segment wherehigh profitability was still being enjoyed and competition was only just starting to occur. Thiscontrasted with the low margin fresh segment where two major participants had entered aprice war to win market share.

In addressing the board, Brooke River noted that there were signs that another approach by Hamlet was likely to be received in the near future, as the Australian companies grappled formarket share and increased penetration into the more profitable value added segment. PorkBellies has the major share of this segment, with an advantage over its competitors through itsinvestment in technology and infrastructure in recent years. In addition, the outbreak of theHendra virus is now contained and Australia's export status has been renewed by key Asianmarkets. With some ideas already apparent, the board charged River with preparing adiscussion paper outlining Pork Bellies’ main strategic options for consideration at the nextboard meeting.

Question 1 Strategic Management (20 marks)

You have been asked to prepare a business report for Brooke River on the strategic positionPork Bellies Pty Ltd should pursue. The business wants to continue to increase its market share in the pork industry. The business report will form the basis of Brooke River’spresentation at the next board meeting and will also be provided to all members of the board.The board members are very familiar with the pork industry but have limited accounting knowledge.

Areas you need to address include:

a) Identifying Pork Bellies’ competitive advantage

b) Identifying four threats and four opportunities available to Pork Bellies

c) Identify four strengths and four weaknesses for Pork Bellies

d) Evaluate Pork Bellies' objectives for their strategic plan.

e) Using Porters generic strategies, what strategy would you recommend for Pork Bellies?

Question 2 - Decision Analysis (20 marks)

The board of directors (BOD) is considering whether or not to construct a processing plant in Darwin, Northern Territory. Pork Bellies will have an arrangement with the council to use theport for 5 years at a rate of 50% on normal cost and after that the cost will increase 175%. Ifdemand is favourable, Pork Bellies will realise a net profit of $2,000,000 after the 5 years. If the market is not favourable, then they could lose $800,000. At this stage there is no reliable dataon how successful the project could be. The board of directors are working on a 50-50 chancethat the processing plant will be successful.

1. Construct a decision tree to analyse the problem. What should the BOD do, justifyyour answer? (5 marks)

2. The BOD are not confident with a 50-50 approach and have decided to employ a research firm who specialise in Bayesian Theorem to conduct a study on the viabilityof constructing a processing plant. The study will cost $10,000 and will work on thefollowing statements of probability:

Probability of a favourable market given a favourable study = 0.72

Probability of an unfavourable market given a favourable study = 0.28

Probability of a favourable market given an unfavourable study = 0.21

Probability of unfavourable market given an unfavourable study = 0.79

Probability of a favourable research study = 0.55

Probability of an unfavourable research study = 0.45

a. Develop a decision tree to reflect the new alternatives. (2 marks)

b. Using the EMV approach, recommend a strategy that BOD should take. In your response discuss the alternatives. (4 marks)

c. Using the expected value of sample information, how much would the BOD be prepared to pay for the study? (4 marks)

d. What other information would the BOD want to help in making their decision? (5 marks)

Question 3 Simulation (10 marks)

Pork Bellies is concerned that not enough space has been allocated for ships to dock and loadquickly. You have been asked to create a simulation based on the following information:

Hours between arrivals

Relative frequency















Hours to load

Relative frequency









The port works 7 days a week and 24 hours a day. Required:

1. Using a table of random numbers simulate 2 weeks where only 1 ship can dock andload at a time. (5 marks)

2. Based on your results, should Pork Bellies try to acquire a second dock to unload?Justify your answer by discussing the results of the simulation, taking into consideration other factors that will impact the decision. (5 marks)



This assessment task will assess the following learning outcome/s:

• be able to demonstrate problem-solving skills in assessing, organising, summarising and interpreting relevant data for decision making purposes.

• be able to apply decision theory to business situations.

• be able to explain the use of simulation in complex decisions.

The requirements of this assignment cover up to and including Topic 4 of the Online Learningmaterials. The assignment is designed to develop your problem solving, spreadsheet (Excel)design, and written communication skills. The questions require you to apply the knowledgeand tools covered in the subject topics in order to demonstrate your understanding of thesubject content and also to illustrate your capacity for strategic thinking. The assignment willalso test your ability to communicate and explain the impacts of your findings whetherthrough quantitative or written reports. The ability to communicate effectively has been identified by the accounting professional bodies as being critical to your future role as anaccountant.


This task also contributes to the assessment of the following:

• Academic Literacy and Numeracy (Knowledge) - CSU Graduates understand the use and structure of appropriate language in written, oral, visual, mathematical, andmulti-modal communication.

• Digital Literacies (Knowledge) - CSU Graduates understand professional, social and cultural implications of the global use of technology.



High distinction




Generate, evaluate and use quantitative and qualitative information to assess the financial and non-financial performance of an organisation.

Correct identification of underlying accounting issue/s and all of the potential implications of accounting data/ results. Identification ofkey areas ofconcern formanagementadopting astrategic ‘whole of business’ approachincluding wellthought out andjustifiedrecommendations.Output is wellresearched,logically argued, and well written ina manner that veryeffectively conveysthe key outcomes andrecommendationsto the end-user. Allreferences and sourcesacknowledgedand professionallypresented.

Correct identification ofthe

underlying accounting issue and all of the

potentialimplications of accounting data/ results. Identification and reporting of key areas of concern witheffective strategic recommendations formanagement.Well

researched and well

written argument with

references and sources acknowledged and

output professionally presented.

Correct identification of the

underlying accounting issue and some of the implications of accounting data/results. Identification and reporting of key areas of concern with effective strategic recommendations for management. Well

researched and well

written argument with

references and sources acknowledged.

Identification of the underlying accounting issue and some implications of the reported accounting data/results. Reporting of issues that should be of concern tofirmmanagement. Written in clearlanguage with references and sourcesacknowledged.

Use decision making principles and technologiesin making and

Evaluates and provides in depth discussion on business decisions using appropriate

Evaluates business decisions for relevant organisations

Explains business decisions using relevant organisations and limited

Explains business decisions relevant organisations


High distinction




assessing business decisions fororganisations.

management principles. Demonstrates functional use of appropriate technologies to aid in decisionmaking.

using appropriate management principles. Demonstrates functional use of appropriate technologies to aid in decision making.

application of management principles. Demonstrates some use of appropriate technologies to aid in decision making.

using some appropriate management principles. Demonstrates limited use of appropriate technologies, with some links to support decision making.

Effectively and appropriately present your material and results andclearly conveyyourunderstanding of the resultsto the reader. All references and resourcesacknowledged andprofessionallypresented using APA (6thor 7th ed) referencing.

Business report is well presented, logically argued, and well written ina manner that very effectively conveysthe key outcomesand recommendations to the end-user. All references and sourcesacknowledgedand professionallypresented usingAPA (6th or 7th ed).

Business report is well written with references using APA (6th or 7th ed) and sourcesacknowledgedand output professionally presented.

Business report is well written with references using APA (6th or 7th ed) and sources acknowledged and professionally presented.

Business report is clearly written with references using APA (6th or 7th ed) and sources acknowledged and professionally presented.


Your response is to be in a written business format and it is compulsory for you to lodge boththe report (word file) which is to include all your answers and your calculations (excel)

Your business report should include:

1. a cover page addressed to your required audience;

2. anexecutive summary (refer to the note below regarding an executive summary);

3. a table of contents (linked to the headings in the report);

4. headings and subheadings clearly identifying what is being discussed;

5. brief explanation and purpose on what each question is addressing

6. a conclusion; and

7. referencing (using APA style).

For help with writing an appropriate report, please see the Charles Sturt Academic Skillssite:


Preparation and submission requirements

This assignment requires a Microsoft Word document, as well as a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet solution. Both of these must be submitted online using EASTS.

You must submit both a Word file AND an Excel file. Failure to submit both of the files by the due date constitutes non-submission and late penalties will apply.

Your spreadsheet solutions must be cut and pasted into the Word document. This Worddocument is what will be marked and returned to you. Remember that in the business worldthe professional presentation of information is fundamental and accordingly marks will be deducted for poor presentation. An electronic version of your source spreadsheet is required to enable markers to open the file and test your efficient use of spreadsheet formula by, forexample, changing values of input variables. Marks will be awarded on the basis of correctnessof answers, appropriate use of spreadsheet modelling, effective worksheet design, and level ofprofessional presentation.

A reference list is mandatory for this assessment item. It is important that you are aware of how to reference properly and a reference list must be provided, properly formatted using APAguidelines with a hanging indent. Please note that it is a submission requirement that you include a reference list.

Review the rules regarding plagiarism and if you are not sure, contact your lecturer or student learning skills advisor for advice. There is no excuse for presenting the work of others as yourown; this includes cutting and pasting material from the web without properly referencing thesource.

The CSU Library site provides an on-line guide to APA style referencing. This is the referencingstyle adopted by the School of Accounting and Finance. The guide can be found at:

Any difficulties in submitting your assignments online electronically using EASTS should beimmediately reported to the Subject Coordinator by email. Include your name and student number in the header or footer of all documents submitted. Retain a copy of your assignmentfor your records.

Spreadsheet requirements

Your spreadsheet must have a separate worksheet (tab) for each question answered. For eachquestion, the worksheet should have a data entry section where all (or most) of the questiondata is entered, followed by a model or results section. The results section should be mainly formula driven.

NB There should be as little as possible data entry in the model/results section of the spreadsheet.

Most, if not all, data should be imported into the model from the data entry section. A numberof Excel resources will be provided through the subject Interact site to assist you to completethis assignment however there is no substitute for getting in and trying it out. An excel resource file specific to the assignment is provided on the subject Interact site and you shouldreview the various formulae demonstrated on that file.

Answered Same Day Aug 24, 2021 ACC544 Charles Sturt University


Angel K answered on Aug 26 2021
116 Votes
Running Head: BUSINESS REPORT         1
Executive Summary
    This report intends to make an SWOT analysis of PORK BELLIES and to make a strategic plan for the business growth. A SWOT analysis means a detailed study of the Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat that a business could have. This report also helps to identify the competitive advantage that the business poses that helps to outdo its competitors. The study extends to the value chain of Pork Bellies that helps it to have a competitive position in the industry. The report concludes my makings conclusions, recommendations and evaluations on the strategies adopted by the company.
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………2
STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS……………………………………………7
GENERIC STRATEGY………………………………………………………9
DECISION ANALYSIS……………………………………………………..10
    Pork Bellies, is an Australian company that farms and process pork. The company started its operation since 1930’s and is ranked 185th among 500 privately owned companies in Australia. It staff’s over 800 employees and haves its major operating centers in Sydney and the Albury regions. They are accredited with ISO 9002 across all farming and processing functions. The core competence of the business is its quality of meat. As a part of the growth strategy adopted they acquired Casserole steaks so as to expand their processing activities and to achieve economies of scale. They have also established close relationships with Meat delights and Power Porks, two of their major rivalries as a part of capturing the market. Now the company tries to increase its market share by adopting Porters generic strategies.
Competitive Advantage of Pork Bellies
    A competitive advantage is the position of a business to maintain and sustain a favorable market position when compared to its competitors. When looking into Pork Bellies the quality that is maintained in all its farming and processing functions including distribution and feeding of livestock is its competitive advantage. Their
eeding farms follow the management programs prescribed by international
eeders that made them internationally competitive and maintain quality. It provides more customer satisfaction and value for the money (The Economic Times, 2013). Another competitive advantage enjoyed by the company is economies of scale; it is the ability to minimize the cost of production by increasing the level of production. The acquisition of Casserole Steaks has helped the business to maintain the economies of scale to a greater edge.
Threats and Opportunities
    A threat refers to an unfavorable condition in the external environment that could cause a risk or damage to the organizations position. An opportunity is a favorable condition in the external environment that strengthens the position of a...

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