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Assessment information Format: A series of questions relating to a case study are provided. These questions must be answered in the form of an essay. The marks each question is worth are clearly...

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Assessment information
Format: A series of questions relating to a case study are provided. These questions must be answered in the form of an essay.
The marks each question is worth are clearly indicated in these documents. 10 of 50 marks are allocated for writing style as per the marking criteria included in the instruction document. This assessment involves addressing a series of generic questions in the form of an essay. The questions relate directly to the case studies presented. All of your answers must be specific for the person in the case study, marks will not be given where your essay does not relate to the person in the case study.
The answers to the questions in the case study must be integrated into an essay, which should include an appropriate introduction and conclusion. You can present the information in the order that you feel flows better, you don’t have to present it in the order of the questions. The questions must be incorporated into sentences and paragraphs that include facts from the case study. If presented in question-answer style, no marks will be given for quality of essay.
The information you present can be synthesised from peer-reviewed articles in the scientific and clinical research literature, and from textbooks. Care must be taken in all aspects of the essay, including spelling and gramma
Referencing: You must include appropriate in-text citations and a reference list in APA style (6th edition). Penalties will be applied as per the marking criteria for inadequate and/or inco
ect referencing.
Word count: XXXXXXXXXXwords. Penalties will be applied as per the marking criteria if the word count exceeds 1500 words and markers will not read beyond.
Important Information: You must type your essay into this Word template. The marking guide is in this document. Do NOT delete it from your document.
Case Study:
Kenny – a middle-aged sedentary male Kenny is a 50yo male who has made an appointment to see his GP for his biannual health check. He tells the doctor that he has been feeling “a bit puffed” walking around the course during his weekly game of golf. Kenny has gained nine kilos since his 40th birthday, and his waist measurement has expanded. He laughs this off as “middle aged spread”, and says his wife tells him he needs to watch what he eats. He works as a journalist for a local paper and spends a lot of his time in the office sitting in front of a computer, snacking. Kenny has recently decided to give up smoking, and wonders if this has contributed to his weight gain. He regularly chews nicotine gum when he craves a cigarette.
Physical examination:
    Height
    174 cm
    Weight
    94 kg
    Appearance
    Neat appearance, overweight, pale
    Temperature
    37.1◦ C
    Blood Group
    O
    BP
    155/99 mm Hg
    Respiratory rate
    19 bpm
    Diet
    Mostly healthy meals. Snacks on high fat & sugar, processed foods.
    Past patient history
    Regular check-ups every six months. Cholesterol levels have been high at the last three check-ups. Takes aspirin in the evenings.
    Social status
    Lives with his wife, his elderly motherin-law, and his adult son. Sexually active.
Urinalysis:
    Blood
    +++
    Bilirubin
    -
    Urobilinogen
    0.1
    Ketone
    -
    Protein
    -
    Nitrite
    -
    Glucose
    +
    pH
    6
    Specific Gravity
    1.020
    Leucocytes
    -
Guiding Questions
Question 1 (8 marks total)
A. The testes contain glandular structures relevant to Kenny’s reproductive function. Note the role of this glandular tissue in reproductive function, including any likely changes from normal in the secretion and resultant effects for Kenny.
B. Considering Kenny’s cu
ent circumstances, describe the role of luteinising hormone (LH) and discuss how the levels of this hormone may vary from normal in his situation.
Question 2 (8 marks total)
A. Describe the role of the kidneys in maintaining fluid balance with reference to the role of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Is Kenny at risk of not maintaining homeostatic fluid mechanisms? Why/why not?
B. What is a urinalysis and what is its significance for this case? With respect to the blood component of Kenny’s urinalysis result, and using your knowledge of normal kidney function, would you expect this result? Why/why not?
Question 3 (8 marks total)
A. What is gut motility? Is it likely that Kenny’s gut motility has increased or decreased from normal? Discuss either peristalsis OR segmentation in your response.
B. Why is it important for Kenny to maintain adequate protein intake? Discuss its importance for his bone health in your response.
Question 4 (8 marks total)
A. Kenny has indicated that he has used nicotine gum to overcome his cigarette cravings. Identify the route of administration and discuss how the drug is likely to be abso
ed after administration and its likely bioavailability. Justify your answer by discussing whether the drug would be subjected to hepatic first pass.
B. What is the importance of the half-life of a drug? Assuming 100% absorption and the half-life of nicotine is 2 hours, calculate the % amount of drug that is likely to be present in the blood after 24 hours.
Question 5 (8 marks total)
A. Consider Kenny’s blood pressure result and discuss whether the mean arterial pressure is likely to be varied from normal. In your answer you must include reference to a change in vessel length with his increasing weight and
iefly mention the consequences of any change in BP upon kidney function.
B. Discuss the role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in the maintenance of blood pressure in Kenny’s circumstance.
Answered Same Day May 31, 2021

Solution

Rimsha answered on Jun 01 2021
137 Votes
Running Head: CASE STUDY OF KENNY        1
CASE STUDY OF KENNY        2
CASE STUDY OF KENNY
Table of Contents
Introduction    3
Analysis of Annual Health Check-Up of Kenny    3
Conclusion    6
References    7
Introduction
    It is a case study of Kenny, who is a middle-aged sedentary 50-year-old male, living with his wife, mother-in-law and adult son. He works as a journalist in the local newspaper and spend large time on desk consuming. He is 94 kg and suffered from high cholesterol. His medical history suggests taking in of Aspirin daily. He recently managed to quit smoking. Thus, chew nicotine gum when he craves a cigarette. Following is the analysis of annual heath check-up of Kenny.
Analysis of Annual Health Check-Up of Kenny
    History of Kenny suggests that he is sexually active, which mean his reproductive system is working properly. As mentioned by Gunes, Hekim, Arslan and Asci (2016), testes are the most essential organ of the male reproductive system, which consists of the scrotum and dense glandular tissue, which forms the structure, called testicular lobules. Each lobule consists of many tiny tubules, which are responsible for the production of sperms. Testes also consist of the testosterone. Since Kenny is sexually active, he can ejaculate sperms. It must be noted that epithelium lining of the reproductive system is make of glandular tissue.
The exocrine glands along with glandular tissue play the crucial role in supplying spermatozoa with their fluid medium and support their maturation. Prostrate is also made of glandular tissue, which formed the semen released from the body through ejaculation during sex. As mentioned by Ascoli (2019), luteinizing hormone plays very crucial role in sex as it stimulates the production of testosterone, which stimulates the production of sperms. It must be noted that with age, the level of testosterone decreases and luteinizing hormone increases. Since Kenny is 50 years of age, his luteinizing hormone level would be high.
    The urinalysis of the Kenny shows abnormal result. There is presence of the glucose and blood in urine. This means occu
ence of damage in the kidneys. As mentioned by Sterns (2020), kidneys play crucial role in maintaining the fluid balance of the body. Kidneys regular the water level as they conserve the water if person is dehydrated and make the urine to expect the excess water of the body whenever necessary. The kidneys can adjust the concentration of the urine depending on the water needs.
The antidiuretic hormone also known as vasopressin plays the crucial role in retaining the water in the body by increasing the reabsorption of the water by the kidneys. It must be seen that Kenny is at the risk of not maintaining the homeostatic fluid because his urinalysis shows potential damage, as there is presence of high blood. As noted by Oyaert and Delanghe (2019), urinalysis can be...
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