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Trevor is the sole owner and operator of “Honey Bee Nature Appreciation Tours” (HB). He operates walking tours of Bushland surrounding the Bunya Mountains. The bush tracks used are not particularly...

Trevor is the sole owner and operator of “Honey Bee Nature Appreciation Tours” (HB).  He operates walking tours of Bushland surrounding the Bunya Mountains.  The bush tracks used are not particularly strenuous.  Trevor takes a group of no more than six paying trekkers once per week on a six hour walk during day light hours to engage in bird watching and similar activities.  Trevor insists that clients wear sensible shoes and clothing during the walks and that all walks are conducted during daylight.  He explains that in the past he conducted night time trips but he cancelled them after several trip and fall injuries to clients.  He also supplies water and sandwiches.  Trevor is an environmental science graduate of USC.

Anna, a café owner, attends one of Trevor’s walks.  She is dressed in shorts and shirt and a new pair of running shoes.  Anna also brings a bottle of wine because it is her birthday.  During the midpoint break, produces the wine and offers it to other walkers, who refuse to imbibe.  Anna drinks half of the bottle and feels a bit tipsy.  Trevor left the walkers alone during the break to scout a new location.  However, Trevor is lost in his work and takes much longer than he thought.  The team returned after sunset when the forest was dark.  On the return walk, Anna’s feet become sore, so she changes out of her runners and into her high heel shoes that she brought with her as a backup.  At this time, Trevor was observing the rare Marbled Frogmouth perched in a tree.

Later near to the end of the walk, Anna’s heal catches on a tree root and she stumbles down a hill side injuring her knee.  Anna is transported to hospital.  While in hospital Trevor visits her and expresses his regret that the incident occurred.  While Anna fully recovered in a month, she closed her café and decides to sue Trevor in Negligence and claim 12 months in lost income and punitive damages to punish him.

Advise Anna as to her case for Negligence against Trevor.  Do not discuss any defences apart from Contributory Negligence.


The following guidelines are based on a review of common errors made in Business Law and Ethics assignments. Students are asked to read these guidelines carefully as they will be taken into account in marking your papers. Students are also referred to guides to Harvard style referencing available from the bookshop and Student Services.

The information to follow is presented under the headings of:
•    Content and analysis
•    Structure and style.

Generally the content (or coverage of the topic) is assessed according to two main requirements. These are:

•    Demonstration of a knowledge of the law, assessed according to accurate statement of legal principles
•    Demonstration of an understanding of the law, assessed according to logical and coherent application of legal principles to the facts.

The following guidelines stem from the requirements stated above:

•    It is not enough to discuss the facts in a general way without reference to legal principle/s.
•    It is not enough to state relevant legal principles without explicitly applying those principles to the facts.
•    Statements of legal requirements/ principles must be accurate. Use of your own words is encouraged but must convey the substance (meaning of) the legal principle/s.
•    Merely reproducing the facts given in the problem will not attract marks. This problem commonly occurs in written introductions, where it would appear that the writer is not sure where to start.
•    Answers should include an introduction, analysis and conclusion (but not include these headings as such).
•    The introduction should contain statements of:
•    The legal terms given to the relevant parties on the facts
•    The nature of the action to be taken by the party advised
•    The party who must prove the action (burden of proof)
•    The relevant standard of proof
•    The elements of the action requiring proof.
•    The analysis should state:
•    The elements requiring proof (from the legislation) and interpretation of those elements (from legislation and case authorities as appropriate)
•    An application of the legal requirements (elements) and their interpretation to the facts in question
•    A consideration of legal remedies available to the injured party should the action be proven.
•    The conclusion should contain:
•    A summary of previous discussion and conclusion as to the likelihood of proof of the action. No new material should be included in this part of an answer.
•    Accurate and full reference to cases and legislation must be used (see further below).

Oct 07, 2019

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