This TMA will form the basis of a design project which will be completed within TMA 2. You should therefore think carefully about which of the following Case Studies you choose, based on your knowledge of the theory and practice of the product chosen.
ONE of the case studies given on the next page, complete the following.
1. Derive at least four concept designs to satisfy the given specification. Use short written descriptions and simple sketches to illustrate your ideas. Show evidence of the use of the following techniques:
• brainstorming • synectics
• morphological chart.
2. Use the weighted objective method to select
your best solution from any four of the concept designs.
3. What other information would be required to be able to write a more
complete Product Design Specification? and expand upon the vague brief given.)
(Use an objective tree to clarify
ONE of the following.
(a) As a keen, but economically challenged, cyclist you need a means of carrying two bicycles whilst travelling between destinations on a touring holiday in your small car which has a tow bar fitted.
(b) It has been found that to improve product quality, a process stream leaving a storage vessel on a chemical plant now needs to be cooled from a temperature of 100ºC to a temperature of 50ºC before entering the reactor. The ambient air temperature averages 15ºC with a high of 25ºC. A water supply at 40ºC is available.
(c) An analogue/digital circuit trainer is required for students to construct circuits. The design requires:
• the ability to build circuits • associated power supply
• a suitable waveform generator
• a means of measuring current, voltage and resistance.
1. Following on from the first TMA in this module, produce a design report for
ONE design of the product based on ONE of the scenarios covered on the following pages. The report should contain, where appropriate:
• Title page
• Acknowledgements • Summary
• Basic Product Design Specification • Design Parameters
• Simple Description of chosen Design • Design Evaluation
• Detailed drawings of the design, including dimensions, such that its constructional features can be seen*
• Conclusions • References • Appendices.
*Drawings should be submitted as complete engineering drawings done using MicroStation (or other CAD software). If the maximum size of printing is A4 then several sheets, each showing a different view of the design, will probably be needed to show sufficient detail for the design to be constructed. In this case, all views should be clearly labelled and all sheets numbered. Only computer-produced drawings will be marked: it is not acceptable to submit hand-drawn work. You should therefore submit the computer files along with the printed hard copy.
: you may have to invent information to make the Report complete.
2. Having used MicroStation (or other CAD software) as part of your Design Report, evaluate its value TO YOU in terms of:
• functionality • compatibility.
(a) Bicycle Rack
When a full design specification was produced and the weighted objective procedure carried out, it was found that a tow bar mounted rack was the best solution. This would bolt to the tow bar once the tow ball has been removed.
The dimensions of the tow bar bracket are as shown in FIGURE 1. The 330 mm dimension refers to the distance from the ground to the bottom of the bracket. In order to avoid the bikes fouling the car, it should be assumed that no part of either bike should protrude beyond the face of the tow bar bracket.
The two bikes to be carried have the dimensions shown in FIGURES 2 and 3. The width of the handlebars of the man’s bike (FIGURE 2) is 420 mm whilst that of the lady’s bike (FIGURE 3) is 630 mm. The width across the pedals is 360 mm in both cases.
Your good friend Fred has offered to help build the bike rack and he has access to the following materials and equipment:
Square section steel tubing 25 mm 25 mm, 2 mm thick Steel plate 8 mm thick
Steel strips 25 mm wide by 6mm thick Brazing and welding gear
A powered hacksaw A Pillar drill.
Design a suitable rack that can be made using Fred’s materials and equipment. It is not necessary to worry about stresses, the materials are capable of exceeding the strength requirements of any design, and the rack should be designed to ‘look right’.
As part of the Design Report, you should produce:
(i) An arrangement drawing showing the outline of the bikes on the rack. This does not need to be very detailed or show any dimensions but should clearly demonstrate that the rack will enable the two bikes to be carried without fouling the car or the ground.
(ii) A detailed engineering drawing of the rack only, showing front and side views with all dimensions required for manufacture shown on them.